| Russias Post-Kyoto Climate Policy: Real Action or
By Alexey Kokorin and Anna
FNI Climate Policy Perspectives 10
Given the early stage of
negotiations on a future global climate agreement, the Russian leadership is in
a stand-by mode which is unlikely to change until the approaches of
the USA and China become clearer.
Much Russian climate policy is more
window dressing than real action. The leadership is keen to collect
image points in international arenas by announcing policies, but little
domestic action follows. Recognizing this pattern, other governments should
call Moscows bluff, putting pressure on the Russian leadership to deliver
real emissions cuts, instead mere PR. That could prepare Russia for meaningful
participation in a future climate agreement.
The leadership has been
ignoring the threats to Russian territory by climate change, focusing instead
on the impacts of other countries mitigation policies on Russias
oil and gas exports. Raising awareness of the expected economic and health
impacts of climate change in Russia could contribute to alerting Moscow to
implement genuine mitigation and adaptation measures. Moreover, Russias
climate-sceptical lobby is still influential in decision-making.
climate coalition has emerged in Russia. Although its direct role remains
marginal in decision-making, it has managed to shift climate policies upwards
on the political agenda. However, Russias withdrawal from the second
Kyoto commitment period poses a threat to the continuity of the activities of
the climate coalition, which would benefit from cooperation with and support
from foreign colleagues.