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Arild Moe

Arild MoePosition at FNI: Senior Research Fellow

Academic background
Cand. polit., University of Oslo, 1983 (political science, Russian, public law)

Main research interests
Russian oil and gas industry; the regional dimension in the Russian petroleum sector; offshore activities in the Barents Sea. Russian climate politics; Arctic politics; Arctic policies of Asian countries; Norwegian policy in the High North; Svalbard (Spitsbergen); Arctic shipping.

Major publications

Moe, Arild and Lawson Brigham, 'Organization and Management Challenges of Russia's Icebreaker Fleet'. Geographical Review, Published online 22.08.2016. 21 p. DOI: 10.1111/j.1931-0846.2016.12209.x

Henderson, James and Arild Moe, 'Gazprom’s LNG offensive: a demonstration of monopoly strength or impetus for Russian gas sector reform?' Post-Communist Economies, Vol 28, No 3, 2016, pp. 281-299.

Moe, Arild and Lars Rowe, 'Asylstrømmen fra Russland til Norge i 2015: Bevisst russisk politikk?' ('The wave of asylym seekers from Russia to Norway in 2015: A deliberate Russian policy?') Nordisk Østforum, Vol 30, No 2, 2016, pp. 80-97. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild and Lawson Brigham, 'Kak obespechit' ustoychivost' perevozok po Severnomy morskomu put?' ('How can transports along the Northern Sea Route be made sustainable?'). EKO, No 5, 2016, pp. 18-27. In Russian.

Aune, Finn Roar, Rolf Golombek, Arild Moe, Knut Einar Rosendahl and Hilde Hallre Le Tissier, 'Eksport av russisk gass til Europa' ('Export of Russian Gas to Europe'). Samfunnsøkonomen, No 1, 2016, pp. 10-19. (In Norwegian)

Moe, Arild, 'Commentary - The Impacts of Shifting World Energy Markets on Arctic Resource Development'. In Oran Young, Jong Deog Kim and Yoon Hyung Kim (eds), The Arctic in World Affairs: A North Pacific Dialogue on thec Arctic in the Wider World. Busan/Honolulu, Korea Maritime Institute/East-West Center, 2015, pp. 279-291.

Aune, Finn Roar, Rolf Golombek, Arild Moe, Knut Einar Rosendahl and Hilde Hallre Le Tissier, 'Liberalizing Russian Gas Markets - An Economic Analysis'. The Energy Journal, Vol 36, SI 1, 2015, pp. 63-97.

Moe, Arild, 'International Use of the Northern Sea Route - Trends and Prospects'. In Leiv Lunde, Yang Jian and Iselin Stensdal (eds), Asian Countries and the Arctic Future. Singapore, World Scientific Publishing, 2016, pp. 107-120.

Moe, Arild and Svein Vigeland Rottem, 'Offshore Petroleum and Maritime Infrastructure'. In Oran R. Young, Jong Deog Kim and Yoon Hyung Kim (eds), The Arctic in World Affairs - A North Pacific Dialogue on International Cooperation in a Changing Arctic. Seoul, KMI Press, pp. 23-40.

Hønneland, Geir and Arild Moe, 'Fisk og petroleum i Barentshavet' ('Fish and petroleum in the Barents Sea'). In Sven Holtsmark (ed), Naboer i frykt og forventning: Norge og Russland 1917-2014 ('Neighbors in Fear and Expectation: Norway and Russia 1917-2014'). Oslo, Pax forlag, 2015, pp. 576-589. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild, 'The Northern Sea Route: Smooth Sailing Ahead?' Strategic Analysis, Vol 38, No 6, 2014, pp. 784-802.

Claes, Dag Harald and Arild Moe, 'Arctic Petroleum Resources in a Regional and Global Perspective'. In Rolf Tamnes and Kristine Offerdal (eds), Geopolitics and Security in the Arctic. London, Routledge, 2014, pp. 97-120.

Moe, Arild, 'The future of Arctic oil and gas development - Russian and Norwegian perspectives'. In Oran R. Young, Jong Deog Kim, Yoon Hyung Kim (eds), The Arctic in World Affairs - A North Pacific Dialogue on the Future of the Arctic. Seoul / Honolulu, Korea Maritime Institute / East-West Center, 2013, pp. 169-176.

Kryukov, Valeriy and Arild Moe, 'Oil Industry Structure and Developments in the Resource Base: Increasing Contradictions?' In Jakub M Godzimirski (ed), Russian Energy in a Changing World: What is the Outlook for the Hydrocarbons Superpower? Farnham, Ashgate, 2013, pp. 35-56.

Kryukov, Valeriy and Arild Moe, 'The Russian Oil Sector'. In Michael Alexeev and Shlomo Weber (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Russian Economy. New York, Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 341-362.

Kryukov, Valeriy and Arild Moe, 'The Russian Gas Sector'. In Michael Alexeev and Shlomo Weber (eds), The Oxford Handbook of the Russian Economy. New York, Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 363-382.

Moe, Arild, 'Potential Arctic Oil and Gas Development: What Are Realistic Expectations?' In Oran Young, Jong Deog Kim and Yoon Hyung Kim (eds), The Arctic in World Affairs: A North Pacific Dialogue on Arctic Marine Issues. Seoul/Honolulu, Korea Maritime Institute/East-West Center, 2013, pp. 227-250.

Gabriel, Steven A., Arild Moe, Knut Einar Rosendahl and Marina Tsygankova, 'The Likelihood and Potential Implications of a Natural Gas Cartel'. In Roger Fouquet (ed), Handbook on Energy and Climate Change. Cheltenham (UK), Edward Elgar, 2013, pp. 86-102.

Moe, Arild, 'Norway and Russia: Neighbours with Strong Interests in the Arctic'. In Hooman Peimani (ed), Energy Security and Geopolitics in the Arctic. Singapore, World Scientific Publishing, 2013, pp. 127-163.

Moe, Arild, Daniel Fjærtoft and Indra Øverland, 'Space and Timing: 'Why was the Barents Sea Delimitation Dispute Resolved in 2010?' Polar Geography, Vol 34, No 3, 2011, pp. 145-162.

Moe, Arild, 'Russian and Norwegian Petroleum Strategies in the Barents Sea'. Arctic Review on Law and Politics, Vol 1, No 2, 2010, pp. 225-248.

Moe, Arild and Øystein Jensen, Opening of New Arctic Shipping Routes. Standard Briefing. Brussels, Directorate-General for External Policies of the Union, European Parliament, 2010, 16p.

Moe, Arild, 'Russisk rulett' ('Russian Roulette'). In Arbo, Peter and Bjørn Hersoug (eds), Oljevirksomhetens inntog i nord: Næringsutvikling, politikk og samfunn. Oslo, Gyldendal Akademisk, 2010, pp. 282-304. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild and Valery Kryukov, 'Oil Exploration in Russia: Prospects for Reforming a Crucial Sector'. Eurasian Geography and Economics, Vol 51, No 3, 2010, pp. 312-329.

Moe, Arild and Elana Wilson Rowe, 'Northern Offshore Oil and Gas Resources: Policy Challenges and Approaches'. In Wilson Rowe, Elana (ed), Russia and the North. Ottawa, University of Ottawa Press, 2009, pp. 107-128.

Korppoo, Anna and Arild Moe, 'Joint Implementation in Ukraine: National Benefits and Implications for Further Climate Pacts'. Climate Policy, Vol 8, No 3, 2008, pp. 305-316.

Kryukov, Valery and Arild Moe, 'Russia's Oil Industry: Risk Aversion in a Risk-Prone Environment'. Eurasian Geography and Economics, Vol 48, No 3, 2007, pp. 341-357.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Arild Moe, 'BP in Azerbaijan: A Test Case of the Potential and Limits of the CSR Agenda?'. Third World Quarterly, Vol 28, No 4, 2007, pp. 813-830.

Moe, Arild, 'Sjtokman-beslutningen: Forklaringer og implikasjoner' ('The Shtokman Decision: Explanations and Implications'). Nordisk Østforum, Vol 20, No 4, 2006, pp. 389-403. In Norwegian.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Arild Moe, 'Oil Company CSR Collaboration in 'New' Petro-states'. Journal of Corporate Citizenship, No 20, 2005, pp. 53-64.

Moe, Arild, Kristian Tangen, Vladimir Berdin and Oleg Pluzhnikov, 'Emissions trading and green investments in Russia'. Energy and Environment, Vol 14, No 6, 2003, pp. 841-858.

Moe, Arild and Kristian Tangen, The Kyoto Mechanisms and Russian Climate Politics. London, Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2000, 110 p.

Moe, Arild and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen, 'Offshore Mineral Development in the Barents Sea'. Post Soviet Geography and Economics, Vol 41, No 2, 2000, pp 98-133.

Hønneland, Geir and Arild Moe, Evaluation of the Norwegian Plan of Action for Nuclear Safety: Priorities, Organisation, Implementation. Evaluation Report 7/2000. Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2000, 64 p.

Kryukov, Valery and Arild Moe, The Changing Role of Banks in the Russian Oil Sector. London, Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1998, 46 p.

Moe, Arild and Valery Kryukov, Gazprom: Internal Structure, Management Principles and Financial Flows. London, Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1996, 115 p.

Estrada, Javier, Arild Moe and Kåre Dahl Martinsen, The Development of European Gas Markets: Environmental, Economic and Political Perspectives. London, John Wiley & Sons, 1995.

Estrada, Javier, Helge Ole Bergesen, Arild Moe and Anne Kristin Sydnes, Natural Gas in Europe Markets, Organisation and Politics. London, Pinter Publishers, 1988.

Bergesen, Helge Ole, Arild Moe and Willy Østreng, Soviet Oil and Security Interests in the Barents Sea. London, Pinter Publishers / New York, St. Martin's Press, 1987.

Recent commentary articles:

Moe, Arild and Lars Rowe, 'Dette er forklaringen på den plutselige asylstrømmen fra Russland' ('This is the explanation of the sudden wave of asylum seekers across the Russian border'), Aftenposten, 23.06.2016. In Norwegian.

Jørgensen, Jørgen Holten and Arild Moe, 'Hva vil russerne på Svalbard?' ('What Do the Russians Want on Svalbard?'), Aftenposten, 23.04.2015. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild, 'L’Arctique est sur l’agenda de la Chine, mais parmi de nombreux autres sujets' ('The Arctic is on China's Agenda, but One Amongst Many'), l'Humanité, 28.11.2014. In French.

Moe, Arild, 'Russian Oil: Challenges and Possibilities', Oxford Energy Forum, August 2014.

Eikeland, Per Ove and Arild Moe (interview), 'I skjebnefellesskap med Russland' ('The Ukrainian Crisis and Gas: Norway Shares Fate with Russia'), Energi og Klima, 11.04.2014. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild, 'Po tonkomu l'du' ('On Thin Ice'), Nezavisimaya Gazeta, 13.12.2011. In Russian.

Moe, Arild and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen, 'Delelinja – er alt nå på stell?' ('The Delimitation Line – Is Everything Now in Order?'), Nordlys, 07.12.2010. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild, 'Shtokman – fortsatt interessant' ('Shtokman – Still of Interest'), Nordlys, 29.03.2010. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild and Lars Rowe, 'Russian Shipbuilding – Is a Rapid Turnaround Possible?', Baltic Rim Economies, No 5, 31 October, 2008.
Contact details
   (+47) 67111927 (

 Related focal points of research

   Arctic and Russian politics
  European energy and environmental politics
   Climate change

 Important ongoing projects

The AsiArctic Programme

Mechanisms for Russian-Norwegian Cross-border Petroleum Cooperation in the Arctic (RUNEC)

Key Factors for Arctic Shipping

Russian Oil and Gas: Adaptation or Resistance? (PETROSAM2)

 Important past projects

Russian Climate Policy: Domestic Dynamics and International Ramifications (2011-2015).

Russian and Caspian Energy Developments and Their Implications for Norway and Norwegian Actors (RUSSCASP) (2008-2013)

Geopolitics in the High North: Climate Change, Energy Development, and Environmental Protection (2008-2013)

Joint Implementation in the CIS: Market, Projects and Barriers

 Recent relevant FNI News

New book: Asian Countries and the Arctic Future (28.08.2015)

 Recent media coverage

'Vil bygge framtidens atomisbrytere som oppfyller russiske ingeniørers "teknodrøm"' ('Russia wants to build nuclear ice breakers of the future, fulfilling the "techno dream" of engineers'), Teknisk Ukeblad, 20.09.2016. In Norwegian.

'Russia announces tender for fantasy-giant icebreakers', The Independent Barents Observer, 16.09.2016.

'On Arctic voyage, Russian security boss talks up Northern Sea Route', The Independent Barents Observer, 05.09.2016.

'23. konsesjonsrunde: Dei nye områda for leiteboring' ('The 23rd licensing round: New acreage for exploration drilling.'), BarentsWatch, 05.09.2016. In Norwegian.

'Norway admits Arctic migrants actually not 'secret Russian plot'', Sputnik, 31.08.2016.

'"Naplyv bezhentsev na rossiysko-norvezhskoy granitse ne byl provokatsiyey Moskvy"' ('"The influx of refugees in the Russian-Norwegian border was not a provocation of Moscow"'),, 31.08.2016. In Russian.

'Norjalaistutkijat: Itärajan pakolaiset eivät olleet Venäjän juoni' ('Norwegian researchers: Asylum seekers from the Eastern border were not a Russian plot'), YLE, 30.08.2016. In Finnish.

'Russia mulls extension of border zone', The Independent Barents Observer, 24.08.2016.

'Russland og den amerikanske valgkampen' ('Russia and the American election campaign'), NRK Dagsnytt Atten, 02.08.2016. In Norwegian.

'Asylstrømmen: – Norge og Finland misforsto russisk grensepraksis' ('The vawe of asylum seekers: - Norway and Finland misunderstood Russian border practice'), NRK, 22.06.2016. In Norwegian.

'Vil starte kullgruve på Svalbard - mener Store Norske blokkerer' ('Wants to start coal mining on Svalbard - thinks Store Norske blocks'), NRK Finnmark, 12.06.2016. In Norwegian.

'– Et problem at lekkasjen involverer Putin' ('The Panama Papers: – A problem that the leak involves Putin'), NRK, 06.04.2016. In Norwegian.

'Ute av verden' ('Over and done with'), Aftenbladet, 19.02.2016. In Norwegian.

'Norway and Russia still at odds over migrant returns', The Local, 01.02.2016.

'Russland-ekspert: Tror ikke Norge har «skyld» i russisk returstans' ('Russia expert: Don't believe it's Norway's «fault» that Russia stopped taking back asylum seekers'), Nettavisen, 31.01.2016. In Norwegian.

'Arctic shipping: The myths, the realities & the challenges ahead', Eye on the Arctic, 28.01.2016.

'Vom Sockel' ('From the continental shelf'), Süddeutsche Zeitung, 27.12.2015. In German.

'Korean Maritime Institute and FNI to promote Arctic research', No Cut News, 01.12.2015. In Korean.

'Her rigges Tor Viking for nordøstpassasjen' ('Tor Viking rigged for the Northeast Passage'), Maritime, 18.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'Snart stenger den nordlige sjøruten for i år' ('The Northern Sea Route will soon close for this year'), Maritime, 17.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'Migrantene strømmer inn over russergrensen. Norge håper på «bedre dialog»' ('The migrants are pouring over the border from Russia. Norway hopes for "a better dialogue"'), TV2, 03.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'Norge leder oljekappløpet i nord' ('Norway Leads the Arctic Oil Race'), Aftenposten, 07.07.2015. In Norwegian.

'Forum Highlights Arctic Development', Shanghai Daily, 09.06.2015.

'– Russland brukes som et påskudd for å gå lenger nord' ('– Russia is used as a pretext for going further north'), E24, 26.05.2015. In Norwegian.

'Den er 173 meter lang, kan brøyte seg gjennom tre meter tykk is og skal hjelpe Russland til å erobre Arktis' ('It is 173 m long, can break through ice 3 m thick, and is to help Russia conquer the Arctic'), Nord24, 11.05.2015. In Norwegian.

'Visestatsminister Rogozins besøk på Svalbard' ('Visit of Russian Deputy Prime Ministyr Rogozin to Svalbard'), NRK Dagsnytt 18, 20.04.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russland-ekspert: – Lite Norge kan gjøre' ('Russia Expert: - Little Norway Can Do'), NRK, 20.04.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russlands ambassadør om besøket på Svalbard: – Norsk overreaksjon' ('Russia's Ambassador to Norway about the Visit to Svalbard: - Norway Is Overreacting'), VG, 20.04.2015.

'Fridtjof Nansen Institute: Specialises on international environmental, energy and resource management politics', Norwegian-Russian Chamber of Commerce, No 2, 01.02.2015.

'Western Sanctions Sap Allure of Russia's Arctic Shipping Route', The Moscow Times, 22.01.2015.

'Et russisk puslespill: Hvor er Russland på vei etter 15 år med Putin?' ('A Russian jigsaw: Where is Russia heading after !5 years with Putin?'), Nord24, 31.12.2014. In Norwegian.

'– Nordleg sjørute ingen ny Suezkanal' ('– The Northern Sea Route Is No New Suez Canal'), BarentsWatch, 16.12.2014. In Norwegian.

'Gruvekutt rokker ikke ved maktbalansen på Svalbard' ('Mine Cut will not Change Svalbard Power Balance'), E24, 26.11.2014. In Norwegian.

'Kina trånar efter norsk polarolja' ('China Yearns for Norwegian Polar Oil'),, 14.11.2014. In Swedish.

'Norway Embraces Chinese Cash in Race for Arctic Oil Riches', Bloomberg Businessweek, 13.112014.

'Verdens største gasselskap snuser på norsk sokkel' ('World's Largest Gas Company Interested in the Norwegian Continental Shelf'),, 30.10.2014. In Norwegian.

'Russian billionaire gains offshore foothold',, 23.10.2014.

'Russer inntar norsk sokkel' ('Russian Gains Foothold on the Norwegian Continental Shelf'), Dagsavisen, 23.10.2014. In Norwegian.

'- Sanksjoner innen olje og gass gir Europa et dilemma' ('-Oil and Gas Sanctions Pose a Dilemma for Europe'), E24, 08.09.2014. In Norwegian.

'Greenpeace targets Gazprom through Shell in the Arctic', European Energy Review, 14.08.2014.

'Oligarker frykter isolasjon' ('Oligarchs Fear Isolation'), Dagens Næringsliv, 22.07.2014. In Norwegian.

'Nordic Cooperative Stance Bolstered by Ukraine Crisis', DefenseNews, 10.06.2014.

FNI Conference in Shanghai: Asian Countries and the Arctic Future (23.05.2014)

'Putin reluctant to strike back against US following sanctions', Barents Observer, 30.04.2014.

'Arktis: Profitjagt sikrer fred men truer befolkning med katastrofe' ('The Arctic: Profit Quest Secures Peace but Threatens Population with Catastrophe'), Ræson, 14.04.2014. In Danish.

'«Jeg må vel droppe ferien min i Sibir»' ('«I Guess I'll Have to Cancel my Siberian Vacation»'), Nettavisen, 21.03.2014. In Norwegian.

'Krim-krise kan fryse norsk-russisk samarbeid' ('The Crimea Crisis May Freeze Norwegian-Russian Cooperation'), Dagsavisen, 20.03.2014. In Norwegian.

'Schnelle Hilfe aus dem Norden' ('Swift Help from the North'), Süddeutsche Zeitung, 12.03.2014. In German.

'Gassen er Putins trumfkort' ('Gas Is Putin's Trump Card'), Aftenposten, 07.03.2014. In Norwegian.

'Ekspert mener verdens største gassfelt til havs kan bli liggende urørt' ('Expert Thinks World's Largest Offshore Gas Field May Be Left Untouched'), E24, 05.02.2014. In Norwegian.

'Riski sudokhodstva po Sevmorputi uvelichivayutsya - Norvegiya' ('Risks associated with shipping on the Northern Sea Route are increasing - Norway '), Rusenergy, 30.01.2014. In Russian.

'Debate on Arctic shipping heats up', BarentsObserver, 20.01.2014.

'Antarctica and the Arctic: A polar primer for the new great game', The Christian Science Monitor, 12.01.2014.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
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