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Kristin Rosendal

Kristin RosendalPosition at FNI: Research Director / Research Professor

Academic background
   Full professor competence, 2007.
   Dr. Polit., University of Oslo, 1999.
   Cand polit.: University of Oslo, (political science, sociology, public law) 1989.
   Diploma of Advanced European Studies, Administration, College of Europe, Bruges, Belgium (Scholarship from Belgium), 1985/86.

Professional experience
   Dr. Polit. and Senior research fellow at FNI (since 1999).
   Programme director of FNI's Global Programme (1997-2003).
   Scholarship, Researcher, and then Research Fellow at FNI (1989-99).
   Research fellow at the Centre for environment and development (SUM), University of Oslo (1996-97).
   Research mission at the Norwegian Ministry of Environment (1992-93).

Selected consultancy work
   Member of National Committee on Global Change, organised by the Research Council of Norway (2005-2009).
   Member of the Working Group on Biotec Norway 2020, organised by the Research Council of Norway (2004-05).
   Member of Steering Committee for the Research Programme on Biological Diversity; Research Council of Norway (2003-2007).
   Member of Steering Committee for the Research Programme on globalisation and marginalisation; Research Council of Norway (2002-2008).

Main research interests
The formation, implementation and interaction of international regimes on environmental and resources management and trade, in particular, issues relating to biodiversity, forestry management, biotechnology and genetic resources. Main research interests also include access & benefit sharing and property rights to genetic resources in agriculture and aquaculture as well as bioprospecting in marine areas.

Major publications

Peer reviewed articles/books

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Anne Ingeborg Myhr and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Access and Benefit Sharing legislation for marine bioprospecting: Lessons from Australia for the role of Marbank in Norway'. Journal of World Intellectual Property Rights, Online 06.06.2016, 13 p. DOI: 10.1111/jwip.12058

Rosendal, Kristin and Steinar Andresen, 'Realizing Access and Benefit Sharing from Use of Genetic Resources Between Diverging International Regimes: The Scope for Leadership'. International Environmental Agreements, Online 09.12.2014. DOI: 10.1007/s10784-014-9271-4, 2014, 18 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin and Peter Johan Schei, 'How May REDD+ Affect the Practical, Legal and Institutional Framework for 'Payment for Ecosystem Services' in Costa Rica?' Ecosystem Services, Available online 20.05.2014, DOI 10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.04.009.

Oberthür, Sebastian and G. Kristin Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, 268 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Evolving Legal Regimes, Market Structures and Biology Affecting Access to and Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources'. Aquaculture, Published online 06.04.2013.

Andresen, Steinar, G. Kristin Rosendal and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'Why Negotiate a Legally Binding Mercury Convention?'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, published online 27.11.2012. 16 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin and Steinar Andresen, 'Institutional Design for Improved Forest Governance through REDD: Lessons from the Global Environment Facility'. Ecological Economics, Vol 70, No 11, 2011, pp. 1908-1915.

Olesen, Ingrid, Anne Ingeborg Myhr and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'Sustainable Aquaculture: Are We Getting There? Ethical Perspectives on Salmon Farming'. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Vol 24, No 4, 2011, pp. 381-408.

Rosendal, G. Kristin , 'Interpreting Sustainable Development and Societal Utility in Norwegian GMO Assessments'. European Environment, Vol 18, No 4, 2008, pp. 243-256.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Norway in UN Environmental Policies: Ambitions and Influence'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Vol 7, No 4, 2007, pp. 439-455.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Balancing Access and Benefit-Sharing and Legal Protection of Innovations from Bioprospecting: Impacts on Conservation of Biodiversity'. Journal of Environment and Development, Vol 15, No 4, 2006, pp. 428-447.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Regulating the Use of Genetic Resources – Between International Authorities'. European Environment, Vol 16, No 5, 2006, pp. 265-277.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen, Hans B. Bentsen, Morten Walløe Tvedt and Martin Bryde, 'Access to and Legal Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources: Norwegian Perspectives'. Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol 9, No 4, 2006, pp. 392-412.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Governing GMOs in the EU: A Deviant Case of Environmental Policy-making?' Global Environmental Politics, Vol 5, No 1, 2005, pp. 82-104.

Rosendal, Kristin, 'Impacts of Overlapping International Regimes: The Case of Biodiversity'. Global Governance, Vol 7, No 1, 2001, pp. 95-117.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, The Convention on Biological Diversity and Developing Countries. Dordrecht, Boston, London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Implementing International Environmental Agreements in Developing Countries: The Creation and Impact of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Doctoral Dissertation, Oslo University Press, 1999.

Book chapters/other

Prip, Christian, G. Kristin Rosendal and Morten Walløe Tvedt,
The state of technology transfer obligations in global environmental governance and law: biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. FNI Report 4/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 18 p.

Rosendal, Kristin and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Biological diversity'. In P.H. Pattberg and F. Zelli (eds), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Governance and Politics. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 322-328.

Rosendal, Kristin and Steinar Andresen, 'Complexity of institutions: Implications for access and benefit sharing', Trade Insights, Vol 11, No 2, 2015, pp. 29-32.

Prip, Christian and Kristin Rosendal, Access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing from their use (ABS) – state of implementation and research gaps. FNI Report 5/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 38 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin 'Convention on Biological Diversity' In J.-F. Morin and A. Orsini (eds), Essential Concepts of Global Environmental Governance. London, Routledge, 2015, pp. 13-15.

Prip, Christian, G. Kristin Rosendal, Steinar Andresen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, The Australian ABS Framework: A Model Case for Bioprospecting?. FNI Report 1/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 42 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Global Biodiversity Governance: Genetic Resources, Species, and Ecosystems'. In R.S. Axelrod and S.D. VanDeveer (eds), The Global Environment. Institutions, Law, and Policy. Los Angeles, Sage, 2014, pp. 283-304.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Balancing ABS and IPR Governance in the Aquaculture Sector'. In Oberthür, S. and G.K. Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 196-212.

Rosendal, Kristin and Peter Johan Schei, 'Convention on Biological Diversity: From National Conservation to Global Responsibility'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 119-133.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Biodiversity Protection in International Negotiations: Cooperation and Conflict'. In Shlomi Dinar (ed), Beyond Resource Wars: Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation. Cambridge (USA), The MIT Press, 2011, pp. 59-86.

Andresen, Steinar and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'The Role of the United Nations Environment Programme in the Coordination of Multilateral Environmental Agreements'. In Biermann, Frank, Bernd Siebenhüner and Anna Schreyögg (eds), International Organizations and Global Environmental Governance. London, Routledge, 2009, pp. 133-150.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Convention on Biological Diversity'. In Reinert, Kenneth A. and Ramkishen S. Rajan (eds): The Princeton Encyclopedia of the World Economy. Princeton (USA), Princeton University Press, 2008.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'The Convention on Biological Diversity: Tensions with the WTO TRIPS Agreement over Access to Genetic Resources and the Sharing of Benefits'. In Oberthür, Sebastian and Thomas Gehring (eds), Institutional Interaction in Global Environmental Governance - Synergy and Conflict among International and EU Policies. Cambridge (MA), MIT Press, 2006, pp. 79-103.

Andresen, Steinar, Lars Walløe and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'The Precautionary Principle: Knowledge Counts but Power Decides'. In Cooney, Rosie and Barney Dickson (eds), Biodiversity and the Precautionary Principle: Risk and Uncertainty in Conservation and Sustainable Use. London: Earthscan, 2005, pp. 39-55.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Biodiversity: International Bungee Jump - Domestic Bungle'. Chapter in: Skjærseth, Jon Birger (ed), International Regimes and Norway`s Environmental Policy: Crossfire and Coherence. Aldershot, Ashgate, 2004, pp. 161-195.

Rosendal, Kristin and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'Norges miljø-utenrikspolitikk' ('Norway's environmental foreign policy'). In Knutsen, Torbjørn, Gunnar Sørbø and Svein Gjerdåker (eds), Norsk Utenrikspolitikk ('Norwegian Foreign Policy'). Oslo, Cappelen, 1995, pp. 161-180. In Norwegian.

Rosendal, Kristin, 'Genbanker - bevaring av biologisk mangfold' ('Genebanks - preservation of biological diversity'). In Stenseth, Nils Christian, Kjetil Paulsen and Rolf Karlsen (eds), Afrika - natur, samfunn og bistand ('Africa - nature, society and and aid'). Oslo, Ad Notam Gyldendal, 1995, pp. 375-392. In Norwegian.

Recent commentary articles

Myhr, Anne Ingeborg, Kristin Rosendal and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Hvem eier det som finnes i havet?' ('Who owns what is found in the ocean?'),, 16.12.2015. In Norwegian.

Myhr, Anne Ingeborg and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'GMO Assessment in Norway: Societal Utility and Sustainable Development'. EMBO Reports, Vol 10, No 9, 2009, pp. 2-3.
Contact details
   (+47) 67111928
   kristin.rosendal (

 Complete CV can be downloaded here

 Related focal points of research

   Biodiversity and genetic resources

 Important ongoing projects

Designing Knowledge-Based Management Systems for Environmental Governance in Norway.

Designing Effective Management Systems for Aquaculture: Innovation and Sustainable Development.

Competing land-use pressures in Norway: Examining the integration of nature protection concerns in windpower licenses.

Biotechnology in Agriculture and Aquaculture – Effects of Intellectual Property Rights in the Food Production Chain

 Important past projects

The Access and Benefit Sharing Research Project (2009-2015)

Marine Bioprospecting and Law (2011-2015)

Stimulating Sustainable Innovation in Aquaculture (2009-2013).

Developing and Implementing Advanced Molecular Methods, and Streamlining Access to and Use of Aquaculture Genetic Resources: Carp and Shrimp in India (2008-2013).

Toxics Diplomacy: Norway in International Cooperation Concerning Hazardous Substances and Trade (2010-2013)

Norwegian Agriculture and Fisheries Policies Between International Regimes on Trade and the Environment (AREAL)

The Role of the UN in Global Environmental Governance: Potential for Increased Effectiveness?

Strategies and Regulations Pertaining to Access and Protection of Aquatic Genetic Resources

Governing GMOs in the EU: A Deviant Case of Environmental Policy Making?

 Recent relevant FNI News

Global Governance of Genetic Resources (08.08.2014)

FNI at ISA (17.04.2013)

 Recent media coverage

'SAARC Seed Bank could be a means to ensuring food security: Experts', Republica, 26.08.2015.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (