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Leiv Lunde

Leiv LundePosition at FNI: Senior Policy Analyst

Academic background
   Cand. Polit, University of Oslo (1990), Political science, History, English language

Professional experience
   Director, FNI (2012-2014)
   Special envoy on energy and climate change, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2010-2011).
   Project manager, Refleks, policy analysis / public outreach project on Norwegian national interest in the face of globalisation (2007-2009).
   Initiator and project manager, Oil for Development, Norad/Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2006-2007).
   State Secretary for international development, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2005, 1997-2000).
   Partner, Senior policy analyst, ECON (1995-97, 2000-2005).
   Research assistant/fellow, Fridtjof Nansen Institute (1989-1995).

Main research interests
The geopolitics of energy; energy and climate change; energy governance challenges; resource curse dynamics and cures; determinants of energy development in the High North/Arctic region.

Major publications

Lunde, Leiv, 'High North - Increasing Tension?: A Nordic Perspective'. In D.S. Hamilton, A. Simonyi and D.L. Cagan (eds), Advancing U.S.-Nordic-Baltic Security Cooperation, Washington DC (USA), Center for Transatlantic Relations, 2014, pp. 189-198.

'Vellykket EU-seminar: Viktig å ha en stemme, tross manglende stemmerett' ('Successful EU Seminar: Important to Have a Voice, Even Without a Vote'), Bellona News, 14.10.2014. In Norwegian.

Lunde, Leiv, 'The Nordic Embrace: Why the Nordic Countries Welcome Asia to the Arctic Table', Asia Policy, July 2014.

Thune, Henrik and Leiv Lunde, Hva Norge kan være i verden ('What Norway Can Be in the World'). Oslo, Cappelen Damm, 2013, 192 p. In Norwegian.

Lunde, Leiv and Iselin Stensdal, 'Norsk ressurs- og miljøpolitikk mot 2030: Landing i Kina eller på månen?' ('Norwegian Resource and Environmental Policies Towards 2030: Landing in China or on the Moon?'). In Odd Mølster og Åsmund Weltzien (eds), Norge og det nye verdenskartet. Oslo, Cappelen Damm, 2013, pp. 80-105. In Norwegian.

Skedsmo, Pål Wilter, Heidi Bade and Leiv Lunde. Doing Good by Doing Well? Statoil in Sub-Saharan Africa. Occasional Paper 2/2013. Oslo, Norwegian Church Aid, 2013, 30 p.

Editor of Interests, Responsibilities and Opportunities: The main features of Norwegian foreign policy. White Paper No. 15 to the Norwegian Parliament 2008/2009. Oslo, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2009.

Lunde, Leiv and Henrik Thune, National interest - foreign policy for a globalized world, the case of Norway. Oslo, CappelenDamm, 2008.

Lunde, Leiv and Mark Taylor, Commerce or crime? Regulating economies of conflict. FAFO Report 424. Oslo, FAFO, 2003.

Swanson, Phil, Mai Oldgard and Leiv Lunde, 'Who gets the money? Transparency and reporting of resource revenues'. In Ian Bannon and Paul Collier (eds), Natural resources and violent conflict: Options and Actions. Washignton DC (USA), the World Bank, 2003.

Bray, John, Leiv Lunde and Mansoob Murshed, 'Nepal - economic drivers of the Maoist insurgency'. In Ballentine and Sherman (eds), The political economy of armed conflict: beyond greed and grievance. Boulder (USA), Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc, 2003.

Lunde, Leiv, Petro states - predatory or developmental? A comparative analysis of the political impact of increasing oil revenues. ECON report 62/2000.

Bergesen, Helge Ole and Leiv Lunde, Dinosaurs or Dynamos? The United Nations and The World Bank at the Turn of the Century. London, Earthscan, 1999.

Lunde, Leiv, Framework and opportunities for Sino-Norwegian environmental cooperation. Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1995.

Lunde, leiv, Science and politics in the global greenhouse: The development towards scientific consensus on global climate change. Fridjof Nansen Institute, EED report no. 8/1991.

Recent commentary articles:

Lunde, Leiv, 'Klok utenrikspolitikk' ('Norwegian Government's Decision Not to Meet the Dalai Lama is Wise Foreign Policy'), Dagens Næringsliv, 11.05.2014. In Norwegian.

Lunde, Leiv, 'Potential for co-operation over Arctic', Financial Times, 20.12.2013.

Lunde, Leiv, 'Nobel, Norge og verden' ('Nobel, Norway and the World'), Dagens Næringsliv, 05.12.2013. In Norwegian.

Lunde, Leiv, '10 utfordringer til Brende' ('10 Challenges to the New Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs'), VG, 28.10.2013. In Norwegian.

Lunde, Leiv, 'Må legge om politikken' ('Norwegian Foreign Policy Must Be Shifted'), VG, 18.10.2013. In Norwegian.

Lunde, Leiv, 'Utviklingsminister? Nei takk!' ('Minister of International Development Assistance? No Thanks!'), Bistandsaktuelt, 27.06.2013. In Norwegian.

Thune, Henrik and Leiv Lunde, 'Legg ned norsk bistand' ('Abolish Norwegian ODA'), Ytring, 10.06.2013. In Norwegian.
Contact details
   (+47) 67111900 (switchboard) / 67111943 (dir) / 90654673 (mob)
   LLU (

 Related focal points of research

   Global environmental governance and law
   Chinese energy and environmental politics
   Climate change
   Arctic and Russian politics
   European energy and environmental politics

 Important ongoing projects

The AsiArctic Programme

 Recent relevant FNI News

FNI Conference in Shanghai: Asian Countries and the Arctic Future (23.05.2014)

The China-Nordic Arctic Research Center (CNARC) Officially Launched (09.01.2014)

Hva Norge kan være i verden (07.06.2013)

FNI Debates Statoil's Engagement in Africa (14.05.2013)

China Seeks FNI Advice on Energy Governance in the Arctic and in Developing Countries (14.01.2013)

The Arctic: An Energy and Climate Paradox (27.08.2012)

Asian Countries' Interest in the Arctic: What Will It Mean for Norway? (06.07.2012)

Leiv Lunde New FNI Director (06.02.2012)

Recent media coverage:

'Oljen ganger norske utslipp med 10' ('Oil Increases Norwegian Emissions 10-Fold'), Vårt Land, 22.10.2014. In Norwegian.

'Norge er ingen fredsnasjon' ('Norway is No Peace Nation'), NRK, 07.10.2014. In Norwegian.

'Derfor vil de kvitte seg med Thorbjørn Jagland' ('Why They Want to Get Rid of Thorbjørn Jagland'), Aftenposten, 23.05.2014. In Norwegian.

'Nansen uten idealisme?' ('Nansen with no Idealism?'), Dagens Næringsliv, 20.05.2014. In Norwegian.

'Ukraine’s impact on Arctic gas development', Alaska Dispatch, 19.03.2014.

'Chinese could thaw over the Arctic', Aftenbladet, 22.01.2014.

'Slutt for utviklingsministeren' ('No More Minister of Development Cooperation'), Bistandsaktuelt, 16.20.2013. In Norwegian.

'Heikki Holmås blir den siste' ('Heikki Holmås Will Be Norway's Last Minister of Development Cooperation'), NRK, 16.10.2013. In Norwegian.

'Norge står uden udviklingsminister for første gang i 30 år' ('Norway Is Without a Minister of Development Cooperation for the First Time in 30 Years'),, 16.10.2013. In Danish.

'Fortsatt behov for utviklingsminister' ('Still Need for a Minister of International Development Assistance'), Dagsavisen Nye Meninger, 04.07.2013. In Norwegian.

'Har vi mer å by på enn olje og fisk?' ('Has Norway More to Offer than Oil and Fish?'), Dagbladet, 01.07.2013. In Norwegian.

'Den unevnelige faktoren' ('Feelings: The Unmentionable Factor'), Dagsavisen Nye Meninger, 26.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Arctic Holds Boatloads of Shipping Potential',, 20.06.2013.

'Blir han den siste?' ('Will He Be the Last Norwegian Minister of International Development Assistance?'), Bistandsaktuelt, 19.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Norway brokers more secret talks', Views and News from Norway, 19.06.2013.

'Hemmelig fredsmegling i over 20 konfliktområder' ('Secret Peace Mediation in More Than 20 Conflict Areas'), BT, 18.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Fredsnasjonen slår til, igjen?' ('The Peace Nation Strikes, Again?'), Aftenposten, 18.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Tror utviklingsministeren blir overflødig' ('Believes the Minister of International Development Assistance Will Become Superflous'), Bistandsaktuelt, 11.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'- Norsk fredsmegling blir alvorlig skadet hvis EUs terrorliste følges' ('- Norwegian Peace Mediation Will Be Seriously Hurt if the EU's Terror List Is to Be Followed'), Aftenposten, 10.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Hemmelig fredsmegling i over 20 konfliktområder' ('Secret Norwegian Peace Mediation in More than 20 Conflict Areas'), Aftenposten, 10.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Kritiserer hemmelighold av norsk fredsmekling' ('Researchers Criticise Secrecey over Norwegian Peace Mediation'), VG, 09.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Vil fjerne utviklingsministerposten' ('Researchers Wants to Remove Post as Minister of International Development'), Bistandsaktuelt, 07.06.2013. In Norwegian.

'Statoil: Vi kan ikke ta over et politisk ansvar' ('Statoil: We Cannot Take Over Political Responsabilities'),, 21.05.2013. In Norwegian.

'KN: Statoil må gjøre mer for folket' ('Norwegian Church Aid: Statoil Must Do More for the People'), Bistandsaktuelt, 13.05.2013. In Norwegian.

'Le Canada et la Russie arbitres de l’Arctique' (Canada and Russia Judges of the Arctic'), gb times, 13.05.2013. In French.

'China’s observer bid on agenda for upcoming Arctic summit', gb times, 08.05.2013.

'China seeks observer status with the Arctic Council', BarentsObserver, 07.05.2013.

'China pours cash into melting Arctic in bid to win influence', The Guardian, 18.03.2013.

'El mundo se derrite por el Ártico' ('The World is Melting in the Arctic'), El Colombiano, 03.02.2013. In Spanish.

'Kitajska pogleduje za naravnimi viri na Arktiki' ('China Looks at the Natural Resources of the Arctic'), Planet Siol, 29.01.2013. In Slovenian.

'Kitajska pogleduje za naravnimi viri na Arktiki' ('The Chinese Seem Eager for Arctic Resources'), Karstas Kommentaras, 29.01.2013. In Lithuanian.

'Arctic Council has tightrope to walk in potential decision to admit China', Alaska Dispatch, 28.01.2013.

'Guójì shèhuì duì zhongguó tànsuo beijí jingtì youdian guòdù' ('German Media: The International Community's Alertness towards China's Arctic Exploration Is a Bit Excessiv'), Xinghua, 27.01.2013. In Chinese.

'The Resource Race: China Dips Toes in Arctic Waters', Spiegel Online International', Spiegel Online International, 25.01.2013.

'China in der Arktis: Schneedrache nimmt Nordkurs' ('China in the Arctic: The Snow Dragon Heads for the North'), Der Spiegel, 24.01.2013. In German.

'Kommende supermakter ser mot nord: Som Kina, så India' (Coming Superpowers Look to the North: India Following China'), Nordlys, 18.01.2013. In Norwegian.

'Kina forsker og smigrer seg til innflytelse i Arktis' ('China Gains Arctic Influence Through Research and Flattery'), Aftenposten, 28.12.2012. In Norwegian.

'Over 100.000 energi-jobber tapt', ('More than 100,000 Energy Jobs Lost'), Nettverk, 19.10.2012. In Norwegian.

'Grønt batteri det første Merkel spør Stoltenberg om' ('Green Battery the First Thing Merkel Asks Stoltenberg About'), Energi og Klima, 18.10.2012. In Norwegian.

'The Fridtjof Nansen Institute: Bringing independent knowledge to the Arctic agenda', Arctic Update, No. 1, 01.09.2012.

'DNV and FNI Release Arctic Study at ONS', DNV Press Release, 29.08.2012.

'New ONS move for key global energy people', Stavanger Aftenblad, 09.08.2012.

'ONS samler verdens energi-topper på Sola' ('ONS Gathers the World's Energy Leaders at Sola'), Stavanger Aftenblad, 09.08.2012. In Norwegian.

'Top researcher wants to use globalisation to create climate optimism', Stavanger Aftenblad, 04.06.2012.

'Vil vekke klimaoptimisten med globalisering' ('Wants to Wake up the Climate Optimist with Globalisation'), Stavanger Aftenblad, 04.06.2012. In Norwegian.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
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