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Per Ove Eikeland

Per Ove EikelandPosition at FNI: Senior Research Fellow

Academic background
   Cand.mag., Political Science, University of Oslo, 1987, with specialisation in International Economic Policy.
   Cand.polit., Economics, University of Oslo, 1991, with specialisation in Environmental Economics and Socio-Economic planning.
   Scholarship, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Norwegian School of Management, 1999-2003.

Professional experience
   Senior Research Fellow, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (from 2013).
   Research Fellow, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (1994-2013).
   Scholarship and research associate, Department of Innovation and Economic Organisation, Norwegian School of Management (1999-2003).
   Lecturer in institutional resource economics, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (1994-1995).
   Research Assistant, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (1991-1994).

Main research interests
   Institutional economics, political economy, industrial organisation and strategic management, innovation systems, policy analysis in the fields of energy, environment, industry and competition.
   Studies of European Union politics.
   Studies of national energy and climate policies.
   Studies of environmental strategy and innovation in energy industries.
   Studies of market diffusion of renewable energy.

Major publications


Skjærseth, Jon Birger, Per Ove Eikeland, Lars H. Gulbrandsen and Torbjørg Jevnaker, Linking EU Climate and Energy Policies: Decision-making, Implementation and Reform. Cheltenham (UK), Edward Elgar, 2016, 265 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Per Ove Eikeland (eds), Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading: Resistance, Innovation or Responsibility? Farnham, Ashgate, 2013, 322 p.

Book chapters and articles

Eikeland, Per Ove and Tor Håkon J. Inderberg, 'Energy system transformation and long-term interest constellations in Denmark: can agency beat structure?' Energy Research & Social Science, Vol 11, 2016, pp. 164-173.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Per Ove Eikeland, 'Introduction'. In Jon Birger Skjærseth and Per Ove Eikeland (eds), Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading: Resistance, Innovation or Responsibility? Farnham (UK), Ashgate, 2013, pp. 1-17.

Wettestad, Jørgen, Per Ove Eikeland and Måns Nilsson, 'EU Climate and Energy Policy: A Hesitant Supranational Turn?' Global Environmental Politics, Vol 12, No 2, 2012, pp. 65-84.

Nilsson, Måns, Lars J. Nilsson, R. Hildingsson, Johannes Stripple and Per Ove Eikeland, 'The Missing Link: Bringing Institutions and Politics into Energy Future Studies'. Futures, Vol 43, No 10, 2011, pp. 1117-1128.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'EU Internal Energy Market Policy: Achievements and Hurdles'. In Birchfield, Vicky L. and John Duffield (eds), Toward A Common European Union Energy Policy – Problems, Progress and Prospects. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, pp. 13-40.

Eakin, Hallie, Siri Eriksen, Per Ove Eikeland and Cecilie Øyen, 'Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway', Environmental Management, Vol 47, No 3, 2011, pp. 338-351.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'The Third Internal Energy Market Package: New Power Relations among Member States, EU Institutions and Non-state Actors?' Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol 49, No 2, 2011, pp. 243-263.

Inderberg, Tor Håkon and Per Ove Eikeland, 'Limits to Adaptation: Analysing Institutional Constraints'. In Adger, N., I. Lorenzoni, and K. O'Brien (eds), Adapting to Climate Change – Thresholds, Values, Governance. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009, pp. 433-447.

Eikeland, Per Ove and Ingvild Andreassen Sæverud, 'Market Diffusion of New Renewable Energy in Europe: Explaining Front-Runner and Laggard Positions'. Energy & Environment, Vol 18, No 1, 2007, pp. 13-37.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Downstream Natural Gas in Europe - High Hopes Dashed for Upstream Oil and Gas Companies'. Energy Policy, Vol 35, No 1, 2007, pp. 227-237.

Claes, Dag Harald and Per Ove Eikeland, 'Stormakt i utakt - norsk energi og EUs indre marked' ('Superpower out of step - Norwegian energy and EU's internal market'). In Claes and Tranøy (eds.), Utenfor, Annerledes og Suveren? ('Outside, Different and Souvereign?'), Bergen, Fagbokforlaget, 1999, pp. 151-173. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Electricity Market Liberalisation and Environmental Performance: Norway and the UK'. Energy Policy, Vol 26, No 12, 1998, pp. 917-927.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'US Environmental NGOs - New Strategies for New Environmental Problems?'. Journal of Social, Political and Economic Studies, Vol 19, No 3, 1994, pp. 259-285.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'US Energy Policy - at a crossroads?'. Energy Policy, Vol 21, No 10, 1993, pp. 987-999.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Distributional Aspects of Multispecies Management: The Barents Sea Large Marine Ecosystem'. Marine Policy, Vol 17, No 4, 1993, pp. 256-271.


Cheng, Han and Per Ove Eikeland, China’s political economy of coal: Drivers and challenges to restructuring China’s energy system. FNI Report 10/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 36 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, Implementing the EU 2020 Energy and Climate Package in Germany: Green Champion Struggling to Adapt. FNI Report 9/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 101 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, EU Energy Policy Integration - Stakeholders, Institutions and Issue-linkages. FNI Report 13/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 139 p.

Buan, Inga Fritzen, Per Ove Eikeland and Tor Håkon Inderberg, Rammebetingelser for utbygging av fornybar energi i Norge, Sverige og Skottland: Sammenligning av faktorer som motiverer og modererer investeringer ('Framework Conditions for Development of Renewable Energy in Norway, Sweden and Scotland: Comparison of Factors that Motivate and Moderate Investments'). FNI Report 6/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 125 p. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, EU Internal Energy Market Policy: New Dynamics in the Brussels Policy Game? FNI Report 14/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 67 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, Biofuels - The New Oil for the Petroleum Industry?. FNI report 15/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005. 39 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, Henrik Hasselknippe, and Ingvild Andreassen Sæverud, Energy Sector Integration in Europe - The Role of Leading Upstream Oil and Gas Companies (Summary version). FNI report 20/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 35 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, The Long and Winding Road to the Internal Energy Market - Consistencies and Inconsistencies in EU Policy. FNI report 8/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 44 p.

Rudsar, Kåre, Per Ove Eikeland, Florian Krumbacher and Gunnar Martinsen, Rettslige rammebetingelser i Danmark og Tyskland og deres innvirkning på strukturutviklingen i elindustrien ('The legal framework in Denmark and Germany: Implications for structural development in electricity industry'). FNI Report 11/99. Lysaker, The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1999. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, Eivind Magnus, Atle Midttun and Berit Tennbakk, Energiscenarier og Energistrategier ('Energy Scenarios and energy strategies'). FNI Report 13/99. Lysaker, The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1999. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, Atle Christer Christiansen, Anne Louise Koefoed, Atle Midttun and Kristian Tangen, Green Energy-Industrial Innovation: A Comparative Study of Green Energy Transformations in Northern Europe. FNI Report 16/99. Lysaker, The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1999.

Commentary articles

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Kullfortellingen som tok en ny retning' ('New Direction in the Tale of Chinese Coal'). Norsk Klimastiftelse Rapport, No 4 2016, pp. 27-32. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'EU går foran i Paris' ('The EU leads the way in Paris'), Dagens Næringsliv, 07.12.2015. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove and Arild Moe (interview), 'I skjebnefellesskap med Russland' ('The Ukrainian Crisis and Gas: Norway Shares Fate with Russia'), Energi og Klima, 11.04.2014. In Norwegian.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Per Ove Eikeland, 'EUs kvotesystem – verdt å redde?' ('EU ETS – Worth Rescuring?'), Dagens Næringsliv, 04.01.2014. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Giganter på leirføtter?' ('Giants on Clay Feet?'), Dagens Næringsliv, 05.12.2013. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Roten til alt ondt?' ('Green Certificates: The Root of All Evil?'), Dagens Næringsliv, 02.10.2012. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Åslaug Haga og samfunnsøkonomane' ('Åslaug Haga and the Economists'), Dag og Tid, 16 October 2009. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove 'Norsk klimapolitikk og tallmagi' ('Numerical Magic in Norwegian Climate Politics'), Dagbladet, 30 January 2008. In Norwegian.

Inderberg, Tor Håkon and Per Ove Eikeland, 'Norske kabler i norsk klima', ('Norwegian Cables in a Norwegian Climate'). Bergens Tidende, 16 December 2007. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Kamp om løsninger' ('Fight over Solutions'). Dagens Næringsliv, 4 December 2003. In Norwegian.
Contact details
   (+47) 67111914
   per-ove.eikeland (

 Complete CV can be downloaded here

 Related focal points of research

   European energy and environmental politics
   Climate change

 Important ongoing projects

Europeanization of Energy-Technological Innovation Systems: Drivers, Consequences and Strategic Challenges for Norway (ETIS)

Strategic Challenges in International Climate and Energy Policy (CICEP)

Environmental Innovation in the Electricity Industry – Explaining Differences across National Industrial Innovation Systems

Competing land-use pressures in Norway: Examining the integration of nature protection concerns in windpower licenses.

Designing Knowledge-Based Management Systems for Environmental Governance in Norway.

 Important past projects

The EU Energy and Climate Package: Causes, Content and Consequences (ECPack) (2010-2014)

Reforming the EU Emissions Trading System: Causes and Consequences (2009-2013).

Climate change Altering Nordic Energy Systems (CANES) (2007-2011)

Investments in Renewable Energy: Factors Promoting and Hampering the Construction of Wind- Hydro- og Biobased Power (2009-2010)

Integration of the European Energy Sectors – Investment Strategies of Major Oil and Gas Companies

Liberalisation and Structural Development in North-European Electricity Industries

 Recent relevant FNI News

FNI provides key input to report to hammer out future EU climate change policy (05.11.2015)

Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading (08.07.2013)

 Recent media coverage

'China's coal addiction lingers', Deutsche Welle, 11.12.2015.

'Lurer Kina oss trill rundt?' ('Coal: Is China duping us?'), Aftenposten, 23.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'Fem på fredag: Kullet krymper i Kina og verden' ('Coal shrinks in China and globally'), Energi og Klima, 20.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'I Tyskland er vanlige folk med på en klimarevolusjon' ('In Germany ordinary citizens support a climate revolution'), Aftenposten, 01.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'– Stor betydning for Norge' ('EU energy union: - Important for Norway'), Dagsavisen, 07.10.2015. In Norwegian.

'Equally Subsidized, but Unequally Sustainable: Coal and Renewable Energy Discussion in China', IISD News, 21.09.2015.

'Øker i Norge - Sverige og Danmark kutter kraftig' ('Emissions Increase in Norway while Sweden and Denmark Cut Substantially'), Dagens Næringsliv, 04.02.2015. In Norwegian.

'Usikker klimapolitikk for EU' ('Uncertain Climate Policies for the EU'), Cicero News, 25.04.2014. In Norwegian.

'Usikker skjebne for EUs 2030-forslag' ('Uncertain Outcome for EU's 2030 Proposal'), Energi og Klima, 19.02.2014. In Norwegian.

'EU i klimaskvis' ('EU's Climate Squeeze'), Ukeavisen Ledelse, 14.02.2014. In Norwegian.

'Taket senkes raskere', ('EU ETS: The Ceiling is Lowered More Quickly'), Morgenbladet, 24.01.2014. In Norwegian.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
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