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Steinar Andresen

Steinar AndresenPosition at FNI: Research Professor

Academic background
   Full professor competence (Forsker 1), 2001.
   Cand. polit., University of Oslo, 1979 (political science, international relations)

Professional experience
   Senior Research Fellow at FNI (since 1987).
   Research Fellow at FNI (from 1979).
   Visiting Research Fellow, University of Washington, Seattle (1987-88).
   FNI Research Director (1992-97).
   Senior Research Fellow (part time), International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Austria (1994-96).
   Visiting Research Fellow, Princeton University, USA (1997-98).
   Professor, Dept. of Political Science, University of Oslo (2002-2005).
   Visting Scholar, Brookings Institution, Washington DC, (fall 2012).
   Professor II, Pluricourts Center of Excellence, University of Oslo (2013-2015).

Main research interests
Main focus on international agreements, regimes and international organizations, especially in the area of environment, but also international resource policy and international health issues. Some empirical examples are the climate regime, the whaling regime and various UN bodies. Focus on the effectiveness of the agreements and organizations and the significance of 'institutional design', leadership and the relation between science and policy.

Major publications

Andresen, Steinar, 'The Role of International Courts and Tribunals in Global Environmental Governance'. Air & Space Power Journal Africa & Francophonie, Vol 7, No 3, 2016, pp. 67-81.

Andresen, Steinar, Jon Birger Skjærseth, Torbjørg Jevnaker and Jørgen Wettestad. 'The Paris Agreement: Consequences for the EU and carbon markets?' Politics and Governance, Vol 4, No 3, 2016, pp. 188-196.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Effectiveness'. In P.H. Pattberg and F. Zelli (eds), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Governance and Politics. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 441-447.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Regime effectiveness'. In Karin Bäckstrand and Eva Løvbrand (eds), Research Handbook on Climate Governance. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 425-435.

Bang, Guri, Arild Underdal and Steinar Andresen (eds), The Domestic Politics of Global Climate Change: Key Actors in International Climate Cooperation. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, 216 p.

Bang, Guri, Arild Underdal and Steinar Andresen, 'Introduction'. In G. Bang, A. Underdal and S. Andresen (eds), The Domestic Politics of Global Climate Change. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 1-24.

Iguchi, Masahiko, Alexandru Luta and and Steinar Andresen, 'Japan's climate policiy: post-Fukushima and beyond'. In G. Bang, A. Underdal and S. Andresen (eds), The Domestic Politics of Global Climate Change. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 119-140.

Bang, Guri, Arild Underdal and Steinar Andresen, 'Comparative analysis and conclusions'. In G. Bang, A. Underdal and S. Andresen (eds), The Domestic Politics of Global Climate Change. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 182-205.

Andresen, Steinar and Steven J. Hoffman, 'Much can be learned about addressing antibiotic resistance from multilateral environmental agreements'. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Vol 43, No S3, pp. 46-54.

Andresen, Steinar, 'International Climate Negotiations: Top-down, Bottom-up or a combination of both?' The International Spectator: Italian Journal of International Affairs, Vol 50, No 1, 2015, pp. 15-30.

Rosendal, Kristin and Steinar Andresen, 'Realizing Access and Benefit Sharing from Use of Genetic Resources Between Diverging International Regimes: The Scope for Leadership'. International Environmental Agreements, Online 09.12.2014. DOI: 10.1007/s10784-014-9271-4, 2014, 18 p.

Andresen, Steinar, 'The Climate Regime: A Few Achievements but Many Challenges'. Climate Law, Vol 4, Nos 1-2, 2014, pp. 21-30.

Andresen, Steinar 'The Role of Scientific Expertise in Multilateral Environmental Agreements: Influence and Effectiveness'. In M. Ambrus, K. Arts, E. Hey and H. Raulus (eds), The Role of 'Experts' in International and European Decision-Making Processes: Advisors, Decision-Makers or Irrelevant Actors?, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 105-126.

Andresen, Steinar, 'International Whaling Commission'. In J.F. Morin and A. Orsini (eds), Essential concepts of Global Environmental Governance. London/New York, Routledge, 2015, pp. 104-106.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Exclusive Approaches to Climate Governance: More Effective than the UNFCCC?'. In Cherry, T.L., J. Hovi and D.M. McEvoy (eds), Toward a New Climate Agreement: Conflict, Resolution and Governance. London, Routledge, 2014, pp. 167-181.

Kanie, Norichika, Steinar Andresen and Peter M. Haas (eds), Improving Global Environmental Governance: Best Practices for Architecture and Agency. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, 265 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Norichika Kanie and Peter M. Haas, 'Actor Configurations in the Climate Regime: The States Call the Shots'. In Kanie, N., S. Andresen and P.M. Haas (eds), Improving Global Environmental Governance: Best Practices for Architecture and Agency. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 175-196.

Andresen, Steinar, 'International Regime Effectiveness'. In R. Falkner (ed), The Handbook of Global Climate and Environment Policy, Oxford, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013, pp. 304-320.

Andresen, Steinar, G. Kristin Rosendal and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'Why Negotiate a Legally Binding Mercury Convention?'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, published online 27.11.2012. 16 p.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Do We Need More Global Sustainability Conferences?' In P. Dauvergne (ed), Handbook of Global Environmental Politics, 2nd edition. Cheltenham (UK)/Northampton (USA), Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 87-97.

Andresen, Steinar, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, 216 p.

Sandberg, Kristin I., Steinar Andresen and Gunnar Bjune, 'A New Approach to Global Health Institutions? A Case Study of New Vaccine Introduction and the Formation of the GAVI Alliance'. Social Science and Medicine, Vol 71, No 7, 2010, pp 1349-1356.

Heggelund, Gørild, Steinar Andresen and Inga Fritzen Buan, 'Chinese Climate Policy: Domestic Priorities, Foreign Policy and Emerging Implementation'. In Kathryn Harrison and Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom (eds), Global Commons, Domestic Decisions. Cambridge (MA), USA / London, UK, MIT Press, 2010, pp. 239-261.

Røgeberg, Ole, Steinar Andresen and Bjart Holtsmark, 'International Climate Treaties: The Case for Pessimism'. Climate Law, Vol 1, No 1, 2010, pp. 177-197.

Skodvin, Tora and Steinar Andresen 'An Agenda for Change in U.S. Climate Policies? Presidential Ambitions and Congressional Powers' International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Vol 9, No 3, 2009, pp. 263-280.

Andresen, Steinar and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'The Role of the United Nations Environment Programme in the Coordination of Multilateral Environmental Agreements'. In Biermann, Frank, Bernd Siebenhüner and Anna Schreyögg (eds), International Organizations and Global Environmental Governance. London, Routledge, 2009, pp. 133-150.

Andresen, Steinar and Tora Skodvin, 'Non-State Influence in the International Whaling Commission'. In Betsill, Michele and Elisabeth Corell (eds), NGO Diplomacy: The Influence of Nongovernmental Organizations in International Environmental Organizations. Cambridge (MA)/London (UK), MIT Press, 2008, pp. 119-149.

Andresen, Steinar (guest ed), 'The Role of UN in Global Environmental Governance: Potential for Increased Effectivenss?'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Special Issue, Vol 7, No 4, 2007, pp. 317-468.

Andresen, Steinar and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'Science and Technology: From Agenda Setting to Implementation'. In Bodansky, D., J. Brunnee and E. Hey (eds), The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law. Oxford/New York, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 182-205.

Skodvin, Tora, Steinar Andresen and Jon Hovi (guest eds), 'Special Issue: The Negotiation and Effectiveness of International Environmental Agreements'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 6, No 3, 2006, 143 p.

Andresen, Steinar and Ellen Hey (guest eds), 'Special Issue on International Agreements'. Special Issue, International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. Vol 5., No 3, 2005, pp. 211-376.

Andresen, Steinar and Jørgen Wettestad, 'Case studies of the effectiveness of international environmental regimes: Balancing textbook ideals and feasibility concerns'. In Underdal, A. and O.R. Young (eds.), Regime Consequences - Methodological Challenges and Research Strategies. Dordrecht, Kluwer, 2004, pp.49-71.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Steinar Andresen, 'NGO Influence in the Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance, Flexibility Mechanisms and Sinks'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 4, No 4, 2004, pp. 54-75.

Andresen, Steinar and Shardul Agrawala, 'Leaders, laggards and pushers in the making of the climate regime'. Global Environmental Change, Vol 12, No 1, 2002, pp. 41-51.

Miles, Edward L., Arild Underdal, Steinar Andresen, Jørgen Wettestad, Jon Birger Skjærseth and Elaine M. Carlin, Environmental Regime Effectiveness: Confronting Theory with Evidence. Cambridge (MA), MIT Press, 2001, 491 p.

Agrawala, Shardul and Steinar Andresen (guest eds), 'National Climate Policies: Evolution, Drivers and Future Prospects'. Special Issue, Energy and Environment Vol 12 Nos 2&3, 2001.

Andresen, Steinar, Tora Skodvin, Arild Underdal and Jørgen Wettestad, Science and Politics in International Environmental Regimes. Between integrity and involvement. Manchester University Press, 2000.

Andresen, Steinar and Willy Østreng (eds), International Resource Management: the Role of Science and Politics. London/New York, Belhaven Press, 1989, 301 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Makt og rett på på hav og havbunn ('Power and Law at Sea and on the Seabed'). Oslo, Universitetsforlaget, 1987, 143 p. In Norwegian.

Recent commentary articles

Rosendal, Kristin and Steinar Andresen, 'Complexity of institutions: Implications for access and benefit sharing', Trade Insights, Vol 11, No 2, 2015, pp. 29-32.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Book Review: Joyeeta Gupta: The History of Global Climate Governance', International Environmental Agreements, Vol 15, No 4, 2015, pp. 431-432.

Andresen, Steinar, 'International Efforts to Curb Emissions: Will Paris Succeed Where Others Have Failed?', Policy Innovations, 02.12.2015.

Andresen, Steinar and Arild Underdal, 'We do not need more global sustainability conferences', Earth System Governance, 19.06.2012.

Andresen, Steinar, 'The Copenhagen Accord: The Failure of Multilateral Diplomacy?', MEPIELAN E-Bulletin, 16.07.2010.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Klima: Har FN utspilt sin rolle?' ('Climate Change: Has the UN Exhausted its Role?'), Minerva, 19.01.2010. In Norwegian.
Contact details
   (+47) 67111922
   steinar.andresen (

 Related focal points of research

   Global environmental governance and law
   Climate change

 Important ongoing projects

Strategic Challenges in International Climate and Energy Policy (CICEP).

Strengthening International Collaboration for Capitalizing on Cost-Effective and Life-Saving Commodities (i4C)

Designing Knowledge-Based Management Systems for Environmental Governance in Norway.

Designing Effective Emissions Trading: The Contribution of International Diffusion (ETS-DIFFUSION)

 Important past projects:

Conditions for Change in International Climate Policy: The Role of China, the EU and the US (2009-2013).

Explaining Different Immunization Coverage, a Multi-Disciplinary Approach (GLOBVAC)

International Health as Foreign Policy

The Role of the UN in Global Environmental Governance: Potential for Increased Effectiveness?

Key Actors and the Climate Regime: Lessons and Future options

 Recent relevant FNI News

FNI at ISA (17.04.2013)

 Recent media coverage

'SAARC Seed Bank could be a means to ensuring food security: Experts', Republica, 26.08.2015.

'– Viktige aktører ønsker ikke sterk klimaavtale' ('- Key Actors Do Not Want a Strong Climate Agreement'),, 17.09.2014. In Norwegian.

'Suksessen verden ikke makter å gjenta' ('Ozone: The Success Story the World Doesn't Manage to Repeat'), Dagsavisen, 16.09.2014. In Norwegian.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
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