1997 This 1997 list of publications from the
Fridtjof Nansen Institute is presented in the following
A summary in English is given for each
publication. All publications published at the Institute can be ordered
from the Institute.
- Books (monographies, anthologies)
- Articles published
in scientific journals, anthologies, yearbooks, proceedings etc. with peer
published in other scientific, academic journals and
- FNI Research Reports
(R), which are based on research activities at the Fridtjof Nansen
- Development and Multilateral
Institutions - Research Reports: products of a
comprehensive, inter-disciplinary research effort on the multilateral system,
with particular focus on the World Bank and on the United Nations and its
- EED Reports,
which are reports from a research programme on
Energy, Environment and Development - Third world strategies and international
- Forum for Norwegian China
Competence - Publication Series
- INSROP Working Papers
- a series from the International Northern Sea Route
- Polar Oceans Reports
- a series from the Polar Oceans and the Law of the
Sea Project (POLOS)
- FNI Notes, which
are popularised studies based on previously published research or ongoing
- Reports published
outside the Institute
- Publications aimed at the
general public (newspaper articles, newsletters etc.)
Bergesen, Helge Ole and Willy
(International Politics). - 7th. edition. - Oslo : Aschehoug Forlag, 1997. -
216 pp. - In Norwegian.
This book is a basic
introduction to international relations and covers security and military
affairs after the cold war, north-south relations and Norwegian foreign policy.
This edition is totally revised and rewritten.
Bergesen, Helge Ole, Magnus Hermansson and
Politik. - Malmø, Sweden : Gleerup forlag, 1997. - 152 pp. - In
This is a translation of the 6th.
edition of the above. The book has been adjusted to satisfy the requirements of
the Swedish school system - and therefore Magnus Hermansson is a
Bergesen, Helge Ole, Georg Parmann and
Øystein B. Thommessen (eds.)
Globe Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development
1997. - Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1997. - 368 pp.
The Yearbook aims to demonstrate where the international
community stands with regard to solving specific environment and development
problems through international co-operation, main obstacles to effective
solutions, and how to overcome them.
Bergesen, Helge Ole, Georg Parmann and
Øystein B. Thommessen (eds.)
Globe Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development
1997 : Chinese version. - Beijing : China Environmental Science Press,
1997. - 410 pp.
Estrada, Estrada, Kristian Tangen and Helge Ole
Environmental Challenges Confronting
the Oil Industry. - Chichester : Wiley & Sons, 1997. - 194
The book analysis the response of the oil
industry to the environmental challenge in general, and climate change more
Vidas, Davor (ed.)
Arctic Development and Environmental Challenges : Information
Needs for Decision-making and International Co-operation. - Gentofte,
Denmark : Scandinavian Seminar College, 1997. - 207 pp.
This book, edited at the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, contains
proceedings of a high-level Nordic policy seminar on Arctic affairs,
co-organised by the Scandinavian Seminar College, UNEP/GRID Arendal and the
Børsting, Georg and Gunnar
Climate Change Turning Political :
Conference Diplomacy and Institution-building to Rio and Beyond. - Pp.
53.82 in: International politics of climate change : Key issues and critical
actors / edited by Gunnar Fermann. - Oslo : Universitetsforlaget, 1997. - 472
This chapter summarises the response of
the international community to climate change up to the second conference of
the parties in Geneva in July 1996.
National Freedom of Action in EU Environmental Policy: The Case of
Denmark and the Netherlands. - Pp. 68-98 in: Environmental Politics,
Vol. 6, No 3 (1997)
Within the legal framework
for EU environmental policy there is room for independent national action.
Between Denmark and the Netherlands, however, differences exist as to the
perception and use of freedom of action.
Eleri, Ewah Otu
Africa and Climate Change. - Pp. 265-284 in: International
Politics of Climate Change : Key issues and critical actors / edited by Gunnar
Fermann. - Oslo : Universitetsforlaget, 1997. - 472 pp.
The author observes that Sub-Saharan Africa's past and present
contribution to the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is
Haugland, Torleif, Kjetil Ingeberg and Kjell
Price Reforms in the Power Sector :
The World Bank's Role. - Pp. 1041-1050 in: Energy policy. - Vol. 25, no. 13
This article assesses the World Bank's
contribution to economic reforms in the power sector. Aggregate figures for the
sector suggest that the Bank's success has been limited. Using a simple
counter-factural analysis, it is shown that an inefficient power sector can
seriously hurt development. In some detail, the past performance of the Bank in
Malaysia, Indonesia, Zimbabwe and Colombia is reviewed with respect to loan
agreement covenants, recipient compliance and tariff development.
Hønneland, Geir B.
Integrasjon vs. autonomi : en tilnærming til
sivil-militære forhold i Russland. (Integration vs. Autonomy : An
Approach to Civil-military Relations in Russia). - Pp. 37-49 in: Nordisk
Østforum. - Vol 11, No 3 (1997). - In Norwegian.
The article provides an introduction to models employed for studying
civil-military relations in the Soviet Union and assesses their applicability
Hønneland, Geir B., Trond Davidsen and
Utviklingen i nordvestrussisk
fiskerinæring : implikasjoner for norske aktører. (The
Development in the Fisheries Sector of North-western Russia : Implications for
Norwegian Actors). - Pp. 281-301 in: Internasjonal Politikk. - Vol 55, No 2
(1997). - In Norwegian.
This article discusses
four different future scenarios for the fisheries sector of North-western
Russia and their implications for various interest groups in
Kotov, Vladimir, Elena Nikitina, Alexei
Roginko, Olav S. Stokke, David G. Victor and Ronnie Hjort
Implementation of International Environmental Commitments in
Countries in Transition. - Pp. 103-128 in: MOCT-MOST. - Vol 7, No 2
This article summarises results of a
three-year international project on the implementation of environmental
commitments, focusing on factors such as review procedures and inclusion of
target groups; the present article focuses on economies in
Martinsen, Kåre Dahl
Niedergang der Demokratie in der Slowakei? (The Decline of
Slovak Democracy ).- Pp. 791-809 in: Osteuropa. - Vol 47, No 8 (1997). - In
This article attempts a classification
of the various mechanisms for suppressing democratic rights and market economic
mechanisms in Slovakia since independence in 1993.
Martinsen, Kåre Dahl
Sentral-Europa og EU - og Norges fravær. (Central-Europe
and the EU - and Norway's Absence). - Pp. 93-112 in: Internasjonal politikk. -
Vol 55, No 1 (1997). - In Norwegian.
an analysis of the relationship between the EU and the Central European
applicant countries. Finally, some comments on the consequences for Norway are
Rønnfeldt, Carsten F.
Three Generations of Environment and Security
Research. - Pp. 473-482 in: Journal of Peace Research. - Vol 34, No 4
Scholarly work on the concept of
environment and security can be divided into three 'generations'. The first
emerged with the work of Richard Ullman in the early 1980s claiming that
environmental factors should be integrated into the concept of security. The
second 'generation' commenced with the work of Thomas Homer-Dixon in the early
1990s, which aimed at identifying the causal pathways from environmental
scarcity to conflict by means of empirical case studies. It is argued that an
emerging third 'generation' addressing some of the methodological shortcomings
of the former approaches may improve our understanding of the relationship
between environment and security.
Stokke, Olav Schram
Regimes as Governance System. - Pp. 27-63 in: Global
Governance : Drawing Insights from the Environmental Experience / edited by
O.R. Young. - Cambridge, MA : MIT Press, 1997.
This article relates the literature on international regimes to that
of global governance, arguing that the context- and process-oriented strands of
the former will have much to contribute to the latter, especially regarding the
Stokke, Olav Schram
Understanding the Formation of International Regimes : The
Discursive Challenge. - Pp. 129-148 in: The International Politics of
Environmental Management / edited by Arild Underdal. - Dordrecht : Kluwer,
This article contrasts a range of
'discursive' (or 'reflective') approaches to the study of regime formation, to
mainstream rationalist theory, arguing that some of the former may strengthen
the force of the latter.
Acid Lessons? LRTAP Implementation and
Effectiveness. - Pp. 235-249 in: Global Environmental Change. - Vol 7, No 3
The article reviews current literature
on LRTAP implementation and effectiveness, and suggests ten, main "acid
answers" and lessons based on the literature so far.
Challenges for the Indian Power Sector. - Pp. 8-11 in:
Business Monitor India. - Vol. 3, no. 20 (1997)
The Indian power sector sticks in deep crisis and threatens economic
development in the country. At the other hand there is more than enough
electricity there for the present demand, if it would be utilised in a more
financial viable and sustainable way. However, there are crucial political,
institutional and economic barriers to reform in such a direction. The article
points out some of these barriers and identifies points of departure for
change. It also discusses the present response of the Government of India to
the crisis and shows why it is not adequate to meet the
Slik påvirker du EU-parlamentet (How to influence the EU
parliament). - P. 4 in: Europamagasinet. - No 2, 1997. - In
Lobbyism is an important part of
the EU decision-making system. In order to influence the development of EU
policy, Norway, as an EEA country, depends on this informal structure more than
any other state. The European Parliament is one of several arenas for Norwegian
Seawatch, Performance and Future. - Pp. 69-80 in: Jung-Keuk
Kang and Jan Magne Markussen (Eds): Korean-Norwegian Workshop on Ocean Mining:
Technical and Environmental Challenges. - Seoul and Lysaker : KORDI and FNI,
1997. - 164 pp.
This paper describes the
performance and future of the Seawatch system.
Klepsvik, John O. and Morten L.
Laser Radar Technology for Underwater
Imaging and Mapping: A Novel Laser Imaging and Ranging System Capable of
operating down to 6.000 meters offers 3D Imaging of Video Quality at Distances
4-5 Times Greater than Conventional Video and Photogr. - Pp. 99-110 in:
Jung-Keuk Kang and Jan Magne Markussen (Eds.): Korean-Norwegian Workshop on
Ocean Mining: Technical and Environmental Challenges. - Seoul : KORDI ; Lysaker
: FNI, 1997. - 164 pp.
The paper presents
Laser Radar Technology for Underwater Imaging and Mapping.
Markussen, Jan Magne, Willy Østreng,
Paal Pettersen and Odd Erik Faråsengen
Deep Seabed Mining : Technical, Environmental and Economic
Challenges : Norwegian Competence and Potential for Korean-Norwegian
Co-operation. - Pp. 17-29 in: Korean/Norwegian Workshop on Ocean Mining :
Technical and Environmental Challenges : 2.3 -April 1997. - Seoul and Lysaker :
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute and Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
The paper provides an overview of
Norwegian competence in deep seabed mining, and evaluates how the Norwegian
companies view the perspectives for the commercial exploitation of deep seabed
minerals and the role the companies feel they may play in this area in the
years ahead. The technological, environmental and economic challenges in deep
seabed mining are assessed and the possibilities that exist for establishing a
comprehensive Korean-Norwegian co-operation in this area are
Markussen, Jan Magne
Dyphavsbasert mineralutvinning : Kommersiell produksjon om 3 1/2
år? (Deep Seabed Mining: Commercial Exploitation in 3 1/2 years?).-
P. 11 in: Shipping og Offshore Aktuelt. - Medlemsblad for Norges Rederiforbund.
- No 2, 1997.
The article evaluates the
possibilities to start commercial exploitation of polymetallic nodules off Cook
Markussen, Jan Magne
International Co-operation in Deep Seabed Mining. - Pp.
610-625 in: Sustainable Development and Preservation of the Oceans: The
Challenges of UNCLOS and Agenda 21. - Honolulu, USA : The Law of the Sea
Institute, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1997. - 879 pp.
The article discusses deep seabed mining and the
possibilities of establishing stronger international co-operation.
Marthiniussen, Roar, Klepaker, Rolf Arne and
Instrument Carrier for Deep Water Survey. - Pp. 81-90 in: Jung-Keuk Kang
and Jan Magne Markussen (Eds.): Korean-Norwegian Workshop on Ocean Mining:
Technical and Environmental Challenges. - Seoul : KORDI ; Lysaker : FNI, 1997.
- 164 pp.
The paper presents a mapping and
inspection system - HUGIN - based on an untethered vehicle.
Ous, Ole Chr.
Survey Control, Maritime Operation Control and Chart
Production. - Pp. 131-142 in: Jung-Keuk Kang and Jan Magne Markussen
(Eds.): Korean-Norwegian Workshop on Ocean Mining: Technical and Environmental
Challenges. - Seoul : KORDI ; Lysaker : FNI, 1997. - 164 pp.
The paper discusses survey control, maritime operation
control and chart production.
for Mapping and Inspection of the Ocean Seafloor - With Special Emphasis on
Deep Sea Exploration. - Pp. 31-46 in: Jung -Keuk Kang and Jan Magne
Markussen (Eds): Korean-Norwegian Workshop on Ocean Mining: Technical and
Environmental Challenges. - Seoul and Lysaker : KORDI and FNI, 1997. - 164
The paper discusses technology for mapping
and inspection of the deep ocean seafloor.
Linking Research on Environment, Poverty and Conflict. - Pp.
53-98 in: Dan Smith and Willy Østreng (eds): Research on Environment,
Poverty and Conflict : A Proposal. - Oslo : PRIO, 1997. - 109 pp.
In order to design development strategies that are both
sustainable and environmentally sound, this article aims at improving insights
in the relationship between environment, poverty and conflict. The article
surveys scholarly work on this topic and finds that the field has been
insufficiently explored. In a critical review of research linking environment
and security, the article identifies points of departures for a relevant
Stokke, Olav Schram and Geir B.
fiskeriforvaltningen i Barentshavet : Globale rammer, regionale grep.
(Environmental and Fisheries Management in the Barents Sea: Global
Frameworks, Regional Initiatives). - Pp. 57-69 in: ProSus - tidsskrift for et
bærekraftig samfunn. - Vol 5, No 4 (1997)
The article provides an overview of the management of the Barents Sea
environment and fisheries.
Stokke, Olav Schram
Regional Dynamics for Protection of the Marine Environment. -
Pp. 159-183 in: Europe's Northern Dimension : The BEAR Meets the South / edited
by Lassi Heininen and Richard Langlais. - Rovaniemi : University of Lapland,
Arctic Centre, 1997.
This article reviews the
contributions of the Barents region process, broadly defined, for protection of
the Barents Sea marine environment, focusing both on the unique qualities of
this process and its linkages to other co-operative levels.
Spillet i kulissene : Om oljeindustriens klima-lobbying.
(Playing in the Wings : The Climate Lobbying of the Oil Industry). - Pp. 10 in:
ProSus, No 3, 1997.
The article offers an
analysis of the arguments and instruments used by the international oil
industry in the climate change debate.
Østreng, Willy and Dan Smith
Editors' Introduction on the Environment, Poverty and
Conflict. - Pp. 5-12 in: Dan Smith and Willy Østreng (eds): Research
on Environment, Poverty and Conflict : A Proposal. - Oslo : PRIO,
The overall research aim of this
preparatory project has been to explore the determinants between and among the
three key variables - the environment, poverty and conflict - in making
economic development environmentally sustainable.
War Arctic : Challenges and Transition During the 1990s. - Pp. 33-49 in:
Arctic Development and Environmental Challenges : Information Needs for
Decision-making and International Co-operation / edited by Davor Vidas.-
Gentofte, Denmark, Scandinavian Seminar College, 1997. - 207 pp.
This chapter analyses the basic political and conceptual
framework for the contemporary Arctic co-operation.
Østreng, Willy (ed.)
National Security and International Environmental
Cooperation in the Arctic: The Case of the Northern Sea Route. - INSROP
Working Paper no. 83-1997. - Lysaker : Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 279
pp. contains the following articles:
International Use of the Northern Sea Route : What is
Pp. 1-22 in: INSROP Working paper
no. 83-1997. - Op.cit.
This paper focus on the
environmental prerequisites stemming from the fragility, vulnerability and
functioning of the Arctic bioregion. Its overall purpose is to identify and
substantiate political interdependencies existing between states acting within,
belonging to and depending upon a functioning ecosystem within more or less
definite spatial confines.
National Security and the Evolving Issues of Arctic
Environment and Cooperation. - Pp. 23-56 in: INSROP Working paper no.
83-1997. - Op. cit.
The purpose of this
chapter is to address the implications of the processes of civilianisation,
regionalisation, mobilisation and reconceptualisation of security to Arctic
security and environmental co-operation, and to assess their relevance for the
utilisation of the Northern Sea Route. The focus is on the declared goals and
political rhetoric of Arctic governments when it comes to the interrelationship
between environmental protection, comprehensive security and international
Vartanov, Raphael, Alexei Roginko and
Policy 1945-96: The Role of the Arctic, the Environment and the NSR. - Pp.
57-112 in: INSROP Working paper no. 83 - 1997. - Op. cit.
The authors attempt to analyse the probability of two
different scenarios to happen in Russian Arctic security and environmental
policy: the hard-line policy of unrestricted exploitation of northern resources
and policy of co-operative security seeking international co-operation in
resource and security exploitation of the Arctic.
Environment and Security in Arctic Waters: A Canadian
Perspective. - Pp. 113-148 in INSROP Working paper no.83 - 1997. - Op.
The author is prompted by a need to
anticipate and possibly to respond to the environmental consequences of
substantial year-round international shipping through Russia's Northern Sea
Route. He seeks to develop a Canadian perspective on the question of whether or
not to define and make use of the concept of environmental
Norwegian Security Policy: The Role of the Arctic, the
Environment and the NSR. - Pp. 149-192 in: INSROP Working paper No. 83 -
1997. - Op. cit.
The focus of this paper is on
the changing features of the northern dimension of Norwegian Security policy as
it emerges in the systemic transition from Cold War bipolarity to the
increasing multipolarity of the present
Environment in the U.S. Discourse on Security: The Case
of the Missing Arctic Waters. - Pp. 193-222 in: INSROP Working paper No. 83
- 1997. - Op. cit.
This paper asks whether and
if the United States might employ new understandings of security in the
management of Arctic waters issues, in particular to the prospect of
intensified use of Russia's Northern Sea Route
Danish Security Policy: The Role of the Arctic, the
Environment and Arctic Navigation. - Pp. 223-256 in: INSROP Working paper
No. 83 - 1997. - Op. cit.
The focus of this
paper is on the relationship between the Home Rule and Central Government in
security matters pertaining to Greenland in the systemic transition from Cold
War bipolarity to the increasing multipolarity of the present.
The NSR in the Context of Arctic Environmental
Cooperation and National Security: Some Concluding Remarks. - Pp. 257-281
in: INSROP Working paper No. 83 - 1997.- Op. cit.
The focus of this chapter is on the interrelatedness of regional
environmental co-operation and national security as expressed in the pan-Arctic
processes of regionalisation, civilianisation, mobilisation and
reconceptualisation of security. A main objective is to explore into the
inherent nature of various concepts of security and to suggest some necessary
clarifications of theoretical and practical
Estrada, Javier and Helge Ole Bergesen
Energy Structures as
Determinants of Response to Climate Change: Case Studies of Brazil, China,
India and Mexico. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 123
pp. - (R:001-1997)
This report consists of
four country studies covering energy structures in China, Brazil, Mexico and
India, written by experts from each country. The studies show that the energy
sector in these countries is closely linked to the state and the political
objectives of the governments.
Laugen, Torunn and Tangen,
The World Bank and the United
Nations in Gaza : A Model for Multilateral Aid to State-less Societies? -
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 22 pp. -
This is a study of the efforts of
co-ordinating multilateral aid to the Occupied Territories, and the Gaza strip
in particular, over the period 1993 to 1996.
Nuclear Energy in Western Europe : At the End of its Business
Cycle? A review of Policies in Selected West European Countries and Russia. -
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 75 pp. -
The goal of the report is to sum
up the presentations and discussions at seven seminars on nuclear energy
policies: What are the major driving forces and what are the future prospects
of nuclear energy?
Claes, Dag Harald
Norsk gasseksportpolitikk : håndtering av ytre endring. -
(Norwegian Gas Export Policy : the Management of External Change). -
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 60 pp. - (R:004-1997). - In
The report develops a model for the
approach to the study of connections between changes in the European gas market
and Norwegian petroleum policy. It goes on to present a historical outline of
Norwegian gas export policy. The main focus of the report is on the empirical
explanation of the connections between changing external conditions and changes
in Norwegian gas export policy.
Martinsen, Kåre Dahl
Utvidelsen av EU og NATO - konsekvenser for Norge. -
(Extending EU and NATO - What are the Consequences for Norway). -
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 169 pp. - (R:005-1997).-
In the report, the impending
extension of EU and NATO membership to countries in Central Europe is analysed.
Focus is directed both towards the countries selected and the organisations.
Finally, the consequences for Norway are discussed.
Norway : The Unfulfilled Troll-agreement. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 59 pp. - (R:006-1997)
report starts by presenting Norway as an oil and gas producer and an exporting
country - and France as an importing country. The relations between France and
Norway during the Troll gas negotiations and the compensation policy adopted by
the French authorities during these negotiations are described.
Hønneland, Geir and Frode
Politiske rammebetingelser for
nordvestrussisk fiskerinæring. - (The Political Framework of
Northwest Russian Fishing Industry). - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 21 pp. - (R:007-1997). - In Norwegian.
The report points at various political processes and
"tensions" - both at a federal and a regional level - which influence the
activities of Northwest Russian fishing industry.
Non-Governmental Organisations and Development Policies :
Identifying and Explaining Strategies : The Case of the World Bank's Narmada
Dam Project. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 76 pp. -
(Development and Multilateral Institutions Programme ; Research Report ; no.
The aim of this thesis is to contribute
with a first step towards theory-building by developing an analytical framework
for identifying NGO strategies and the circumstances or factors that can
explain NGOs' choice of strategies.
Botnen, Trond K.
Funding for the Global Environment - Determined by National or
Common Objectives? A Case Study of the GEF Negotiations. - Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 101 pp. - (Development and Multilateral
Institutions Programme : Research Report ; no. 2)
This is a case study of the negotiations to create and restructure
GEF. The analysis aims at assessing whether the outcome of the negotiations was
determined by national objectives ("realism"), or by common objectives
Ravlum, Inger Anne
Byrdebærere og gratispassasjerer : Staters oppslutning om de
multilaterale bistandsorganisasjonene. (Burden-bearers and Freeriders :
States' Support for the Multilateral Aid Organisations). - Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 132 pp. - (Development and Multilateral
Institutions Programme : Research Report ; no. 3). - In Norwegian.
Major states yield a smaller proportion of their support
multilaterally than do minor states. Nevertheless, the share of multilateral
aid provided by major states increased from 1981/85 to 1991/95, whilst that of
the minor states declined.
|EED Reports (EED)
Challenges for Sustainable Electricity Sectors in Developing
Countries : With Case Studies from Zambia, Zimbabwe, India and Thailand. -
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 79 pp. - (EED
In this report, political, institutional
and economic barriers to sustainable electricity strategies in developing
countries are analysed and conclusions drawn regarding the activities of
development agencies and banks.
|Forum for Norwegian China Competence - Publication
Buen, Jørund and Stein Hansen
Hong Kong - What now? -
Lysaker : The Fridjtof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 49 pp. - (Forum for Norwegian China Competence Publication
Series ; 1-1997)
The proceedings include the
lectures of the keynote speakers at the seminar: Jan Farberg, Ministry of Trade
and Industry; Peter Lo, Hong Kong Economic and Trade Office; Eivind
Grøstad, Det Norske Veritas; and Øistein Thorsen, Fenwick
Scope for Sustainable Food Production in China
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 40 pp. - (Forum for Norwegian China Competence Publication
Series ; 2-1997)
This publication presents the
expert views of Nikos Alexandratos, FAO, and Gerhard Heilig, IIASA, on China's
future food production and consumption, commented by Øystein Dahle,
Worldwatch and Frik Sundstøl, Noragric, respectively.
Buen, Jørund (ed.)
Etter Deng - Quo Vadis Kina? (After Deng - Quo Vadis
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
1997. - 21 pp. - (Forum for Norwegian China Competence Publication Series ;
3-1997). - In Norwegian.
The publication sums
up the seminar " After Deng - Quo Vadis China? ". T.Færøvik
analyses changes in the Deng epoch, J.T. Holvik looks at prospects for economic
reforms in China and O.A. Westad looks at the party and the policy in the
|INSROP Working Papers
Granberg, Alexander G.
Selected Studies in Regional Economic Development along
the Northern Sea Route
Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 54 p. - (INSROP Working Paper ; no.
The analysis carried out in this working
paper shows strong dependence of the Northern Sea Route functioning on the
political and economic situation in Russia, especially in the Arctic and
Yakolev, Anatoliy N., Arikaninen, Alexander I.,
Kossov, Oleg A. and Ushakov, Alexander P.
Political Aspects of International Shipping along the Northern Sea
Route Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 54 p. - (INSROP
Working Paper ; no. 75)
The paper contains
analysis of the USSR (Russian) policy, as well as policies of other Arctic
countries, towards international shipping in the Arctic in general and along
the Northern Sea Route in particular.
Semanov, G., Volkov, V., Somkin, V. and
Emergency Plan - Part I Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 31
pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 76)
report provides the concept of the Oil Spill Contingency Plan (OSCP) for the
Northern Sea Route. It also presents rescue organisations and data on types and
amounts of the oil spill compating technical means in the NSR.
Ramsland, Trond Ragnvald, Erik F. Loy and
Northern Gas Field
and NGH Technology : A Feasibility Study to Develop Natural Gas Hydrate
Technology for the International Gas Markets Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 103 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; no. 77)
The goal of this analysis was to examine whether a new
technology for transporting natural gas, Natural Gas Hydrates (NGH), can
compete with the existing technologies pipeline and Liquefied Natural Gas
Tamura, Kenkichi and Hajime
Experimental Study to
Separate into Components the Interaction Force between Propeller and Ice Piece
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 29 pp. - (INSROP Working
Paper ; No. 78)
This working paper provides
further research results within the area of INSROP Project I.1.9, "Hydrodynamic
Aspects in Ice/Propeller Interaction". Ice-propeller interaction is one of the
major issues for the safety of a ship in ice.
Brubaker, R. Douglas
Environmental Regulation in the Russian Arctic Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 108 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No.
The paper reviews the environmental
regulations pertaining to the Russian Arctic.
Grishchenko, V., E. Yakshevitch, O. Deviatayev,
Yu. Shcherbakov, V. Smirnov and A. Shigabutdinov
Design of Information System Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 46 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 80)
This report presents the results of work under INSROP
project I.3.4 at the second and third stages. It shows the successive character
of the Russian contribution to the design of the INSROP information system in
1994 and 1995.
Hønneland, Geir B.
Navigating the Straits of the Northern Sea Route
Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 37 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper
; No. 81)
The paper is the result of an
investigation of Russian navigation charts and presents an overview of the
straits along the Northern Sea Route (NSR), as well as a general introduction -
although not a detailed guide - to navigation along the route.
Baskin, A., V. Vasilyev, S. Samonenko, V.
Isakov and E. Danilov
Information Support to Navigation along the NSR Lysaker : The Fridtjof
Nansen Institute, 1997. - 40 pp . - (INSROP Working Paper ; No.
The report discusses the main categories
of informational support to Arctic navigation: hydrometeorological and ice
conditions forecasts and operative data.
Østreng, Willy (editor)
National Security and International Environmental
Cooperation in the Arctic. The Case of the Northern Sea Route Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 279 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No.
The basic objective of this report is to
place the debate about the future of the Northern Sea Route into the larger
picture of Arctic politics and the emerging agenda of the Arctic as a
developing region in international society.
Historical and Current Uses of the Northern Sea Route. Part IV:
The Administration of the Northern Sea Route (1917-1991) Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 100 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No.
This working paper describes the
administrative and political aspects of the Northern Sea Route during the
Soviet period (1917-1991). It takes into account the impact of the Northern Sea
Route on the Soviet society and national economy.
Gold, Edgar, John A. Cantello and Peter L.
Marine Insurance for the
Northern Sea Route : The Feasibility of a New Risk Regime. Some initial
conclusions Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 34 pp. -
(INSROP Working Paper ; No. 85)
concludes INSROP research concerning insurance for future shipping on the NSR.
The main conclusion is optimism concerning the possibilities of getting the
insurance industry to introduce a new risk regime for the NSR, if
Isakov, N., E. Logvinovich, F. Moreynis, A.
Nikulin, N. Popovich, A. Silin, N. Stenin, I. Sverdlov and V.
Seaborne Exports of Gas from
Yamal Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 112 pp. - (INSROP
Working Paper ; No. 86)
The report discusses
the possibility of exporting Yamal gas with LNG tankers along the Northern Sea
Isakov, N., G. Serebryansky, A. Parfenov, T.
Patrakova and N. Sadofieva
Port Development along the NSR Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
1997. - 82 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 87)
The report provides an overview of the main ports along the NSR, and
Kolodkin, A. .L., O.V. Kulistikova and E. M.
Matters of Responsibility for
Marine Pollution under the Legislation of the Russian Federation. (Review of
the Main Legislative Acts) Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. -
36 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 88)
report reviews all main Russian legislative acts pertaining to marine
Isakov, N., A. Nikulin, N. Popovich and I.
Marine Oil Transportation from
Timan Pechora and Inland Russian Fields Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 114 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 89)
The report maps oil and gas export volumes from NW Russia,
and discusses how a marine transport of this can be organised.
Dallmann, Winfried K.
Indigenous Peoples of the Northern Part of the Russian
Federation and their Environment : Atlas and historical/ethnographical
background information Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 146
pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 90)
report provides historical, demographical and cultural information about the
indigenous population of Northern Russia, Siberia and the Russian Far
Baskin, Alexander, Busuyev, Arkady and
Yakshevich, Evgeny et al.
Aspects Volume 2 - 1994 project work Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 134 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 91)
Investigations on operational aspects of sailing the NSR -
regulations, navigation, communications, safety of sailing, ice conditions,
hydrometeorological problems etc.
Russia and its NSR Neighbours in Northeast Asia and the Barents
Region : A Comparative View of Relations and Perceptions Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 60 pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No.
The report gives a comparison of the two
Russian regions North West Russia and the Russian Far East concerning their
relations with and perception of their Nordic and Asian neighbouring states,
Osherenko, Gail, Shindler, Debra, Pika,
Alexander, and Bogoyavlensky, Dmitry
The Northern Sea Route and Native Peoples : Lessons from the 20th
Century for the 21st. Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 122
pp. - (INSROP Working Paper ; No. 93)
report studies the effects, positive and negative, of Northern Sea Route (NSR)
development on the indigenous populations of Alaska, Russia, and Scandinavia,
with focus on Russia.
Kolodkin, A.L., Markov, V.Yu, and Ushakov
Legal Regime of Navigation in the
Russian Arctic Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 56 pp. -
(INSROP Working Paper ; No. 94)
paper highlights Russian views of jurisdictional issues governing Arctic water
north of the Russian coast.
|Polar Oceans Reports - POLOS
Globalism and Regionalism in the Protection of the Marine
Environment . - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 25 pp. -
(POLOS report ; No. 1/1997)
examines the relationship between regional regimes for the protection of the
polar marine environment and the broader global context of the marine
environmental protection and law of the sea.
Elferink, Alex G. Oude
The Sea of Okhotsk Peanut Hole : De Facto Extension of
Coastal State Control. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. -
25 pp. - (POLOS report ; No. 2/1997)
report assesses the Russian unilateral measures in the context of relevant
rules of international law regarding fisheries in the Sea of Okhotsk, and
identifies differences of that sea from other cases.
Stokke, Olav Schram
Northwest Russia and the Dumping of Radioactive Waste : The London
Convention Implemented. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. -
25 pp. - (POLOS report ; No. 3/1997)
report presents the regulation of radioactive waste under the international
dumping regime and analyses Russian domestic implementation of that
Australian and Canadian Perspectives and Regulations for
Protecting the Polar Marine Environment. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen
Institute, 1997. - 25 pp. - (POLOS report ; No. 4/1997)
This report contains a comparative assessment of how Australia and
Canada have sought to implement a range of responses aimed at protecting the
polar marine environment, in the Antarctic and Arctic,
Stokke, Olav Schram
Sub-regional Cooperation and Protection of the Arctic Marine
Environment : The Barents Sea. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
1997. - 25 pp. - (POLOS report ; No. 5/1997)
This report focuses on marine environmental protection at the
sub-regional level, narrowing in on two processes of particular relevance for
the Barent Sea: the multilateral Barents Euro-Arctic Region and the bilateral
The International Regulation of Patagonian Toothfish : CCAMLR and
High Seas Fisheries Management. - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
1997. - 25 pp. - (POLOS report ; No. 6/1997)
This report addresses a newly emerged problem for the fisheries
management in the Southern Ocean - unauthorised fishing of the Patagonian
Toothfish - by tracing the emergence of the problem and responses by
|FNI Notes (N)
strukturer i det europeiske gassmarkedet. (New Structures in the European
Gas Market). - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 34 pp. -
(N:001-1997). - In Norwegian.
The aim of this
study is to provide a background for elements of change in the European gas
market that in the long run may produce new framework conditions for Norwegian
Wettestad, Jørgen and Ringius,
'Friedheim in the Greenhouse' :
Tracing Key Positions of Key Actors on Key Climate Issues. - Lysaker : The
Fridtjof Nansen Institute, 1997. - 20 pp. - (N:002-1997)
The interesting methodology developed by Robert Friedheim in
"Negotiating the New Ocean Regime" serves as the methodological point of
departure for this note, written within the "Modelling International Climate
Negotiations" (MIN) research project.
ivareta norske interesser i EU og EØS? (How to secure Norwegian
interests in the EU and the EEA?) - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
1997. - 13 p. - (N:003-1997). - In Norwegian.
This publication contains the proceedings from a EU/EEA seminar
organised jointly by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the FNI 24
EU/ØS og norsk innflytelse (The
EU/EEA and Norwegian influence). - Lysaker : The Fridtjof Nansen Institute,
1997. - 31 p (N:004-1997). - In Norwegian. Compiled by Ivar M.
A compilation of centres of Norwegian
EU/EEA competence and relevant publications, prepared for the EU/EEA seminar
held at the FNI 24 April 1997.
|REPORTS published outside the Institute
Kang, Jung-Keuk and Jan Magne Markussen
Korean/Norwegian Workshop on Ocean
Mining : Technical and Environmental Challenges. - Seoul and Lysaker :
Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute - KORDI and Fridtjof Nansen
Institute - FNI, 1997. - 164 pp.
proceedings contains papers presented at the joint KORDI-FNI Workshop on Ocean
Mining with special emphasis on deep sea exploration technology and
Nilssen, Frode and Geir
fiskerinæring mot nye markeder : konsekvenser for norsk
fiskerinæring. (Northwest Russian Fisheries towards New Markets :
Consequences for the Norwegian Fishing Industry). - Tromsø :
Fiskeriforskning, 1997. - 20 pp. - (Rapport ; 17/1997). - In
The report provides an overview of
the present state of Northwest Russian fisheries with an emphasis on fleet
structure and market conditions.
Smith, Dan and Willy Østreng
Research on Environment, Poverty and
Conflict : A Proposal. - Publ. by Fridtjof Nansen Instate - FNI and
International Peace Research Institute - PRIO. - Oslo : PRIO, 1997. - 109 pp. -
(PRIO report ; 3/97)
The overall research aim
of this preparatory project has been to explore the determinants between and
among the three key variables - the environment, poverty and conflict - in
making economic development environmentally sustainable.
|Publications aimed at the general public (newspaper articles,
- Bergesen, Helge Ole Kyoto på
vektskålen. - Stavanger Aftenblad, 17. December
- Buen, Jørund Selvstyre eller
kaos. - Morgenbladet, 4. July 1997
- Dahl, Agnethe Lobbyist i Brussel
(Lobbyist in Brussels) - Dagbladet, 17. April 1997
- Dahl, Agnethe and Jørgen
Wettestad EUs klimapolitikk og Norge. - Arbeiderbladet, 9. April,
- Eikeland, Per Ove Liberalisering,
kreativitet og miljø. - Kraftjournalen. - Vol. 2, no. 3 (June
- Hønneland, Geir B. Ulikheter
i Barentsregionen. - N66 - Kultur i Barentsregionen, 2/97
- Martinsen, Kåre Dahl Press
på EØS? - Dagbladet, 21. April 1997
- Parmann, Georg Norges internasjonale
miljøforpliktelser. - Bergens Tidende, 4. June
- Parmann, Georg Hvalfangst mot
elefantjakt? - Interpost, 23. June 1997. -
- Parmann, Georg Ingen straff for
å bryte internasjonale avtaler . - Miljø Aktuelt, No. 3, July
- Parmann, Georg Miljøsamarbeid
over landegrensene. - Hvor Hender Det? - Oslo : NUPI, 15. September
- Parmann, Georg Hvordan finansiere
den nye Noahs Ark? - Verdens Natur (WWF), No. 3/97
- Parmann, Georg Norsk miljøbok
på kinesisk. - Forskning , No. 8, December 1997
- Schjølset, Stig Norge og EUs
"klimaboble". - Dagbladet, 1. December 1997
- Wettestad, Jørgen Redder EU
norsk luftkvalitet? - Dagbladet, 23. April, 1997
- Østreng, Willy Integration of
INSROP Results: Do We Need It? - The INSROP Newsletter. - Vol. 5, no. 3
NEWSLETTERS Nansen News :
Newsletter from the Fridtjof Nansen Institute -
issues in 1997
Norsk Kinaforum : Nyhetsbrev -
1 issue in 1997
The INSROP Newsletter -
3 issues in 1997