| FNI NEWS
Regine Andersen Obtains Doctoral Degree on Management of
Plant Genetic Resources in Agriculture
(23.02.2007) Regine Andersen has
today successfully defended her doctoral dissertation on the effects of
international regimes on the management of plant genetic resources for food and
agriculture in developing countries.
The dissertation's point of
departure is the alarming rate at which domesticated plant varieties are
disappearing, and that this loss of biodiversity has negative consequences for
food security, traditional small-scale farming, and poverty alleviation. At the
same time, interest in the commercial use of genetic resources has increased
through the development of biotechnologies, and industry is demanding
intellectual property rights to seeds and other genetic resources. This has
triggered and affected the formation of various international regimes from
different angles and with different objectives. The objectives include the
conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources, access and benefit
sharing, farmers' rights, and intellectual property rights.
dissertation analyses the interaction between these international agreements
related to plant genetic resources in agriculture. It especially looks into how
their interaction affects developing countries, and makes an in-depth case
study of one country: The Philippines.
A key conclusion is that the
interaction between the various regimes has had largely negative effects for
the management of these vital resources for food security in developing
countries despite other intentions behind the individual agreements. The
result of these developments is an emerging anti-commons tragedy: A situation
where multiple actors have the possibilities to exclude each other from the use
of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. The International Treaty
on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) that entered into
force in 2004 has potentials to change this development, but whether it will
succeed depends on the political will of its Contracting Parties.
detailed summary of the dissertation and its finding can be found
dissertation, entitled "Governing Agrobiodiversity: International Regimes,
Plant Genetics and Developing Countries", was submitted to the Department
of Political Science at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo in
June 2006. Andersen's supervisors have been Professor Arild Underdal
(Department of Political Science, University of Oslo) and Professor Cary Fowler
(Noragric, Norwegian University of Life Sciences).
PhD project homepage
"Governing Agrobiodiversity - Inter-Regime Conflicts on Plant Genetics and
PhD dissertation summary (in
PhD dissertation summary (in
General information on FNI's research on
|The Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) is an
independent foundation engaged in research on international environmental,
energy, and resource management politics.
The Institute maintains a
multi-disciplinary approach, with main emphasis on political science,
economics, and international law.