| FNI NEWS
Protecting the Adriatic Sea
(26.10.2007) In a new comprehensive book, Dr.
Davor Vidas, Senior Research Fellow at FNI,
takes a look at the key legal issues facing Croatia in the Adriatic Sea.
Issues of marine environmental protection and sustainable use of marine
resources have in recent years received a serious attention in public debate in
Croatia. This is so with a very good reason: With its long coastline,
stretching over 6200 kilometres, including also some 1200 islands, islets and
reefs, Croatia owns around 75% of the entire Adriatic Sea coastline. The
countrys single most important industry, tourism, is based largely on the
preserved and clean marine environment of that marine and coastal area, which
is also rich in historical and cultural heritage.
Yet the stakes may be
even higher for Croatia: Its maritime, Mediterranean country profile is among
the key elements of its national identity and is what makes the country
increasingly recognisable worldwide.
At the same time, major challenges
for the Adriatic Sea marine environment and biodiversity are on the horizon.
Some of those relate to the restructuring of energy flows in Euroasia, and the
future role of the Adriatic Sea where new maritime transport routes for
hazardous cargo, including oil and gas, are planned. Also control over Adriatic
Sea fisheries, and the need for conservation and management measures, is a
pressing issue. Moreover, marine delimitation disputes and unresolved maritime
boundary issues have emerged in the Adriatic Sea, partly as a consequence of
the dissolution of former Yugoslavia. Along with those and other complex
questions, Croatia is on its way to EU membership, where careful ballances
between national sovereignty and common policies' sphere will need to be
Vidas sums up Croatia's current challenges with respect to the
Adriatic Sea as follows: 'The key question is how to make the right strategic
choices and facilitate development, while at the same time preserve the unique
marine environment and valuable resources of the marine and coastal areas. And
in that context, how can Croatia strike the right balance between national
regulation, regional cooperation and global regulatory frameworks in the
Adriatic Sea area?'
In the new book, Davor Vidas analyses exactly those
questions through 33 essays divided into five parts, elaborating on:
Strategic and institutional requirements for Croatias
Adriatic Sea policy.
The status of the Adriatic Sea and
Croatia in emerging oil transportation projects.
The need for regional cooperation towards designation of the
Adriatic Sea as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA).
Exclusive economic zone (EEZ) issues in the Adriatic
Marine delimitation disputes, such as between
Croatia and Slovenia.
The book is illustrated with various maps and,
while written on the basis of research projects in which the author has been
involved, its target audience are not only international law experts but also
the more general public.
Vidas, Davor, Zastita Jadrana ('Protecting the Adriatic Sea'). Zagreb,
Skolska knjiga, 2007, 274 p. In Croatian.
Orders: See the
Book notice in
Reviews of the book (in Croatian):
Marovic, Dusko Cizmic, 'Zanemareno more
Jadransko' ('The Neglected Adriatic Sea'), Slobodna Dalmacija, 9 July
Staresina, Visnja ,
'Obnova hrvatsko-slovenskih pregovora o nerijesenim sporovima' ('The Renewal of
Croatian-Slovene Negotiations on Unsettled Disputes'), Lider (business
weekly), No 98, Vol 3, 17 August 2007, p. 15.
FNI's research on marine
affairs and Law of the Sea
Environment Protection and Resource Management: The Changing Legal and Policy
Framework for the Adriatic Sea
|The Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) is an
independent foundation engaged in research on international environmental,
energy, and resource management politics.
The Institute maintains a
multi-disciplinary approach, with main emphasis on political science,
economics, and international law.