| FNI NEWS
Olav Schram Stokke Obtains Dr. philos. degree on
International Regime Effectiveness, with Barents Sea Fisheries Case
(19.03.2010) FNI Senior Research Fellow
Olav Schram Stokke has today successfully
defended his Dr. philos. dissertation, in which he used the Barents Sea
fisheries as a case study in a new, theoretical approach to analysing
international regime effectiveness.
Stokke's study of international
institutions and how they can help states in sustainably managing natural
resources and the environment has two basic aims:
To develop a new, disaggregate approach to international
regime effectiveness that can measure and explain effectiveness validly,
determinately and in a way that allows comparison across cases.
To apply this approach to a specific international regime:
the one established for managing shared fish stocks in the Barents Sea.
One characteristic of Stokke's approach is to unbundle the overall
resource management problem into three: the cognitional problem of assessing
the resilience of the resource base to various levels of harvesting pressure,
the regulatory problem of agreeing on suitable mangement measures, and the
behavioural problem of inducing fishers to adhere to the regulations. These
general aspects of resource management allow comparison with other regimes,
ensure substantively broad yet nuanced assessment of the regime's performance,
and facilitates the causal analysis inherent in regime effectiveness
A second key feature of Stokke's approach is to decompose
the counterfactual analysis that underlies a regime effectiveness assessment:
would the level of problem solving be significantly lower if the regime had not
existed? In order to address this question in a disciplined and transparent
manner, Stokke first explains the actual diversity in management success and
failure, then specifying how the regime affects the explanatory factors, and
finally, on that basis and supported by contextual information, estimates the
A third characteristic of Stokke's approach is
to decompose the empirical material by identifying distinct phases in the
material and examining regime effects on the behavior of each member state.
This procedure generates quite numerous observations and permits the use of
comparative and statistical tools for analyzing the importance of various
explanatory factors, separately or in interaction.
The final step of
Stokke's method is to aggregate the partial effectiveness analyses by relating
them to changes over time in the state of the fish stocks in question and of
the industries that utilize them. By applying his novel approach to the Barents
Sea fisheries, Stokke sheds empirical light on a range of propositions about
the drivers and impediments of regime effectiveness and substantiates
considerable variation over time in the effectiveness of the international
regime in focus.
Dr. Stokke is a Senior Research Fellow at the Fridtjof
Nansen Institute, to which he has been affiliated since 1987. His Dr.
philos. dissertation A Disaggregate Approach to International
Regime Effectiveness. The Case of Barents Sea Fisheries was
submitted to the Department of Political Science at the University of Oslo in
Schram Stokke's homepage
Dr. philos. dissertation
|The Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) is an
independent foundation engaged in research on international environmental,
energy, and resource management politics.
The Institute maintains a
multi-disciplinary approach, with main emphasis on political science,
economics, and international law.