| FNI NEWS
The Arctic: An Energy and Climate
(27.08.2011) In a study commissioned for the
in Stavanger today, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) and DNV look at risks
and responsible management of Arctic resource development.
Summit is a new feature to the biennial
Conference, inviting government ministers from energy nations and top
executives from the major petroleum companies to discuss energy-related
FNI Director Leiv Lunde is a co-author of the study,
and will today, together with DNV's CEO Henrik Madsen, introduce it for
discussion by the around 100 invited participants at the Summit, including
Norwegian and Swedish foreign ministers Jonas Gahr Støre and Carl Bildt,
IEA Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven, energy company CEOs including Ryan
Lance (ConocoPhillips), Peter Voser (Shell) and Helge Lund (Statoil) as well as
energy ministers from the Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Ghana, Cyprus, the
Faroe Islands, Myanmar and Tanzania.
- Interest in the Arctic is growing
rapidly, but there is no race over resources, Leiv Lunde says.
Arctic is more characterized by cooperation than by conflict. It is in the
interest of all major stakeholders that the rules of the game are followed,
meaning adherence to the Law of the Sea and cooperation through international
bodies such as the Arctic Council.
- Some areas of the Arctic are still
disputed, but the prospects for solution without conflict are good. The bulk of
Arctic resources are clearly and unambiguously under national jurisdictions of
the Arctic five: Russia, Norway, USA, Canada and Denmark/Greenland, Lunde says.
The FNI-DNV study finds that the greatest challenge to the
development of energy resources in the more demanding regions of the Arctic is
the risk of accidents, loss of life and potentially uncontrollable oil spills,
especially in ice-covered areas. The management of these challenges requires
more knowledge, better technology and a good and close cooperation between
authorities, companies and research.
- The Arctic represents an energy
and climate paradox, Lunde thinks.
- The effects of climate change are
dramatic in the Arctic and are showing the world the importance of getting
global warming under control. At the same time it is climate change that, by
virtue of melting sea ice, opens up the Arctic for further petroleum
exploration, he thinks.
- The climate change problem requires global
solutions, emissions in the Arctic are not, in themselves, a major problem as
they are relatively small. The black carbon phenomenon is, however, a specific
regional problem, where Arctic emissions have Arctic consequences, but even
this is not a major climate change driver on a global scale, Lunde ends.
More about FNI
research on Polar and Russian politics
FNI Contact persons: Director Leiv Lunde and Deputy Director
|The Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) is an
independent foundation engaged in research on international environmental,
energy, and resource management politics.
The Institute maintains a
multi-disciplinary approach, with main emphasis on political science,
economics, and international law.