| FNI NEWS
The Arctic: An Energy and Climate
(27.08.2011) In a study commissioned for the
in Stavanger today, the Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) and DNV look at risks
and responsible management of Arctic resource development.
Summit is a new feature to the biennial
Conference, inviting government ministers from energy nations and top
executives from the major petroleum companies to discuss energy-related
FNI Director Leiv Lunde is a
co-author of the study, and will today, together with DNV's CEO Henrik Madsen,
introduce it for discussion by the around 100 invited participants at the
Summit, including Norwegian and Swedish foreign ministers Jonas Gahr
Støre and Carl Bildt, IEA Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven,
energy company CEOs including Ryan Lance (ConocoPhillips), Peter Voser (Shell)
and Helge Lund (Statoil) as well as energy ministers from the Netherlands,
Norway, South Africa, Ghana, Cyprus, the Faroe Islands, Myanmar and
- Interest in the Arctic is growing rapidly, but there is no
race over resources, Leiv Lunde says.
- The Arctic is more
characterized by cooperation than by conflict. It is in the interest of all
major stakeholders that the rules of the game are followed, meaning adherence
to the Law of the Sea and cooperation through international bodies such as the
- Some areas of the Arctic are still disputed, but the
prospects for solution without conflict are good. The bulk of Arctic resources
are clearly and unambiguously under national jurisdictions of the Arctic five:
Russia, Norway, USA, Canada and Denmark/Greenland, Lunde says.
The FNI-DNV study finds that the greatest challenge to the
development of energy resources in the more demanding regions of the Arctic is
the risk of accidents, loss of life and potentially uncontrollable oil spills,
especially in ice-covered areas. The management of these challenges requires
more knowledge, better technology and a good and close cooperation between
authorities, companies and research.
- The Arctic represents an energy
and climate paradox, Lunde thinks.
- The effects of climate change are
dramatic in the Arctic and are showing the world the importance of getting
global warming under control. At the same time it is climate change that, by
virtue of melting sea ice, opens up the Arctic for further petroleum
exploration, he thinks.
- The climate change problem requires global
solutions, emissions in the Arctic are not, in themselves, a major problem as
they are relatively small. The black carbon phenomenon is, however, a specific
regional problem, where Arctic emissions have Arctic consequences, but even
this is not a major climate change driver on a global scale, Lunde ends.
More about FNI
research on Polar and Russian politics
FNI Contact persons: Director Leiv Lunde and Deputy Director
|The Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) is an
independent foundation engaged in research on international environmental,
energy, and resource management politics.
The Institute maintains a
multi-disciplinary approach, with main emphasis on political science,
economics, and international law.