| FNI NEWS
Tor Håkon Inderberg Obtains Ph.D. on Climate Change
Adaptation in Norwegian and Swedish Power Companies
(14.12.2012) FNI Senior Research
Fellow Tor Håkon Inderberg has today successfully defended his Ph.D.
dissertation on Swedish and Norwegian energy companies' adaptation to climate
The power industry is one of the arenas where climate change
is an undeniable fact. The sector is feeling climate change with increased
wind, heavy rainfalls and storms. But according to Dr. Inderberg, the Norwegian
power industry is not doing enough to meet the challenges posed by climate
change. Rather than making robust investments to counter the increasingly
difficult weather conditions, the power industry lets short-term economic gain
decide its investments.
Inderberg identifies a paradigm shift away from the Culture
of Engineering to the Culture of Economics. This shift happened with the Market
Reform in 1991 with a simultaneous shift both in culture and structure in the
power industry. When comparing Norway to Sweden, Inderberg finds that the shift
in Norway was more extreme, both before and after 1991. Inderberg looks at both
structural and cultural differences between Sweden and Norway to explain the
reasons why that is the case.
- In Sweden the process has
been less dramatic, with more but smaller shifts than in Norway. Today, Sweden
is markedly less dominated by a one-sided focus on economic profit as compared
to Norway, Inderberg says.
An example is the prevalence of subterranean
cables, which is much more common in Sweden than in Norway. It is expensive,
but more secure and less vulnerable to extreme weather. The difference cannot
be explained solely by geological differences.
- In Norway decisions are
being justified with the argument that "it's profitable", according to
With this doctorate, his aim is to contribute to increased
reflection among the regulatory governing bodies and companies.
hope is that they will think more holistically when making investment
decisions, not only look at what is economically viable in a few years
perspective, Inderberg ends.
Tor Håkon Inderberg is a Senior
Research Fellow at the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, to which he has been
affiliated since 2006. His Ph.D. dissertation, Formal Structure and
Culture: Organizational Influence on Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in
Quasi-public Network Sectors, was submitted to the Department of Political
Science at the University of Oslo. His doctorate is part of the research
project Responding to
Climate Change: The Potentials of and Limits to Adaptation in Norway
(PLAN), supported by the Norwegian Research Council and coordinated by
the Department of Sociology and Human Geography at University of
|The Fridtjof Nansen Institute (FNI) is an
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