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The Access and Benefit Sharing Research Project

Madagascar periwinkle. Photo: Arria BelliThis project focuses on the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Africa and internationally, with emphasis on its provisions on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the utilization of these resources (ABS). It is a contribution to the multi-donor ABS Capacity Development Initiative aimed at building human and institutional capacity in African countries in this regard.

Linked to this project, the overall goal of FNI's participation is to improve the knowledge management and knowledge foundation related to working on ABS in Africa and internationally. The following five particular research needs will be addressed with the purpose of enabling effective implementation of ABS in Africa and at the international level:
   ABS interfaces with other issue areas and challenges for policy coherence.
   Analysis of ABS experiences in Africa.
   Options for African impact on the negotiations of the international ABS regime and for substantive achievements regarding benefit sharing.
   User country measures.
   Analysis of the tools of the ABS initiative itself.

Project leader at FNI: Morten Walløe Tvedt

Project period: 2009-2015


Articles & reports

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Into ABS Implementation: Challenges and Opportunities for the Nagoya Protocol'. Biores, Vol, No 8, 2014, pp. 9-13.

Pisupati, Balakrishna, Protected Areas and ABS: Getting Most of the Two. FNI Report 4/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 13 p.

Prip, Christian, G. Kristin Rosendal, Steinar Andresen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, The Australian ABS Framework: A Model Case for Bioprospecting?. FNI Report 1/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 42 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'Access and Benefit Sharing Agreement on Teff', Trade Insight, No 1, 2013, pp. 29-31.

Medaglia, Jorge Cabrera, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Frederic Perron-Welch, Ane Jørem and Freedom-Kai Phillips, The Interface between the Nagoya Protocol on ABS and the ITPGRFA at the International Level: Potential Issues for Consideration in Supporting Mutually Supportive Implementation at the National Level. FNI Report 1/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 59 p. (Version française ici).

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, The Access and Benefit Sharing Agreement on Teff Genetic Resources: Facts and Lessons. FNI Report 6/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 159 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Access to, Equity and Protection of Genetic Resources in Ghana: The Case of Tilapia (O. niloticus). FNI Report 15/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 28 p.

Andersen, Regine, 'En røverhistorie om genressurser: Slik mistet Etiopia rettighetene til sitt tradisjonelle korn' ('Genetic Resources: The Story of How Ethiopia Lost the Rights to its Traditional Teff'), Gen-i-alt, 20.06.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Ole Kristian Fauchald, 'Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on ABS: A Hypothetical Case Study on Enforcing Benefit Sharing in Norway'. The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol 14, No 5, 2011, pp. 383-402.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, A Report from the First Reflection Meeting on the Global Multilateral Benefit-Sharing Mechanism. FNI Report 10/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 18 p.

Samndong, Raymond Achu, ABS Capacity Development Initiative for Africa: The Case of Prunus Africana in Cameroon. FNI Report 11/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 28 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Olivier Rukundo, Functionality of an ABS Protocol. FNI Report 9/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 25 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Access to and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources in Cameroon: Legal and Institutional Developments and Challenges. FNI Report 8/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 29 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Analytical Framework for Analysing Experiences from Case Studies of ABS in Africa. FNI Report 7/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 11 p.

Andersen, Regine, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Ole Kristian Fauchald, Tone Winge, Kristin Rosendal and Peter Johan Schei, International Agreements and Processes Affecting an International Regime on Access and Benefit Sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity: Implications for its Scope and Possibilities of a Sectoral Approach. FNI Report 3/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 47 p.

Young, Tomme R. and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Balancing Building Blocks of a Functional ABS System. FNI Report 7/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 66 p.


Tvedt, Morten Walløe, The concept 'Genetic Resources' & ABS and the Interfaces with other International Frameworks. Powerpoint presentation, Cali, Columbia, 22 March 2010.

Andersen, Regine, International Frameworks for Access and Benefit Sharing. Powerpoint presentation, Cape Town, South Africa, 25-29 January 2010.

Young, Tomme Rosanne and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Balancing Building Blocks of a Functional ABS System - a legal study of functionality issues in ABS. Powerpoint presentation, Montreal, Canada, 9 November 2009.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Forests, forest genetic resources and Intellectual Property Rights. Powerpoint presentation, Nairobi, Kenya, 24 June 2009.
 Related focal points of research:

   Biodiversity and genetic resources

Project funding:

   Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) (Germany)

 External cooperation partners:

   Environmental Law Programme, IUCN

 Information pamphlets:

   Balancing Building Blocks of a Functional ABS System

 Recent relevant FNI News:

How Ethiopia Lost Control of Its Teff Genetic Resources (12.11.2012)

Latest FNI Research on Biodiversity Presented at CBD COP 11 in Hyderabad (11.10.2012)

Gene rights: Latest developments in the ABS Negotiations and in the EPO (17.08.2010) In Norwegian

Recent media coverage:

'Protecting Ethiopia’s bio-diversity resources', The Ethiopian Herald, 12.11.2014.

'Teff Identity Theft', Sodere, 26.12.2012.

'How the TPLF ruling junta gave away Ethiopia’s genetic rights to teff', Ethiopian Review, 28.11.2012.

'Intet nytt fra Østfronten' ('ABS Negotiations: Nothing New on the Eastern Front'), ABC Nyheter, 25.10.2010. In Norwegian.

'Roser Norge for ABS-brems' ('Praises Norway for Holding Back on ABS'), ABC Nyheter, 24.10.2010. In Norwegian.

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