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Alternatives to the Kyoto Protocol: Possibilities and Consequences

The objective of the project is to discuss the ongoing development of negotiations on a climate regime and the implementation of the commitments that have been agreed upon. This is partly done by studying the negotiation process itself, partly through more detailed studies of the main actors.

Project leader: Steinar Andresen

Project period: 2001-2003


Bang, Guri, Gørild Heggelund and Jonas Vevatne, Shifting Strategies in the Global Climate Negotiations. FNI Report 6/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 30 p.

Bang, Guri, Andreas Tjernshaugen and Steinar Andresen, 'Future US Climate Policy: International Re-engagement?' International Studies Perspectives, Vol 6, 2005, pp. 285-303.

Christiansen, Atle Chr., 'The role of Flexibility Mechanisms in EU Climate Strategy: Lessons Learned and Future Challenges'. International Environmental Agreements, Vol 4, 2004, pp. 27-46.

Hovi, Jon, Tora Skodvin and Steinar Andresen, 'The Persistence of the Kyoto Protocol: Why Other Annex I Countries Move on Without the US'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 3, No 4, 2003, pp. 1-24.

Tangen, Kristian and Gørild Heggelund, 'Will the Clean Development Mechanism be Effectively Implemented in China?'. Climate Policy, Vol 3, No 3, 2003, pp. 303-307.

Moe, Arild, Kristian Tangen, Vladimir Berdin and Oleg Pluzhnikov, 'Emissions Trading and Green Investments in Russia'. Energy and Environment, Vol 14, No 6, 2003, pp. 841-858.

Agrawala, Shardul and Steinar Andresen (eds.), 'Special Issue, National Climate Policies: Evolution, Drivers and Future Prospects'. Energy and Environment, Vol 12, Nos 2-3, 2001.

Agrawala, Shardul and Steinar Andresen, 'Two Level Games and the Future of the Climate Regime'. Energy and Environment, Vol 12, Nos 2-3, 2001, pp.V-VII.

Agrawala, Shardul and Steinar Andresen, 'US Climate Policy: Evolution and Future Prospects'. Energy and Environment, Vol 12, Nos 2-3, 2001, pp. 117-137.

Wettestad, Jørgen, 'The Ambiguous Prospects for EU Climate Policy - A Summary of Options'. Energy and Environment, Vol 12, Nos 2-3, 2001, pp. 139-165.

Moe, Arild and Kristian Tangen, 'Russian Climate Policies: More than Hot Air?'. Energy and Environment, Vol 12, Nos 2-3. pp. 181-197, 2001.

Tangen, Kristian, Gørild Heggelund and Jørund Buen, 'China's Climate Change Policy: At a Turning Point?'. Energy and Environment, Vol 12, Nos 2-3, 2001, pp. 237-252.
 Related focal points of research:

   Climate change

Project funding:

   The Research Council of Norway

 External cooperation partners:

   CICERO (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo)

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (