| FNI PROJECTS
Animal Genetic Resources: Legal Regulation of Aspects on
Property Rights to Animal Genes, Genetic Resources, Breeding and Related
This project is an interdisciplinary research
project covering expertise in law, breeding and molecular biology, and involves
researchers from seven countries. The project is headed by the Centre for
Genetic Resources (CGN), Wageningen University and Research Centre, the
The Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and
Agriculture has recognized the need to create a strong global foundation to
underpin decision-making regarding animal genetic resources. To accomplish
this, the Commission, during its Eighth Regular Session in 1999, agreed that
FAO should coordinate the development of a country-driven first Report on
the State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources, to be finalized in 2006.
During its 10th Regular Session in 2004, the Commission approved the completion
of the process of the development of the Report on the State of the World's
Animal Genetic Resources at a first international technical conference on
animal genetic resources, which could provide a framework for advancing the
conservation and sustainable use of animal genetic resources for food and
On this background FAO has given priority to a number of
questions regarding the exchange of animal genetic resources that raises
questions about access and benefit sharing (ABS):
1) How to ensure that
animal genetic resources are accessible to livestock keepers and to
breeders who may use animal genetic resources to improve existing/local breeds
or to develop new breeds?
2) How to ensure that any ABS regulations
support and do not impede either the development of new and beneficial breeds
or access to such improvements by livestock keepers (particularly livestock
keepers in the developing world)?
3) The study outlined in this project
contributes to evidence-based decision-making about the effectiveness and
fairness of current animal genetic resource exchange and the need for any
additional international architecture governing this exchange. It provides
information and analysis with which all participants of the Intergovernmental
Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources can assess the options for
future international governance of animal genetic resources. The study also
reduces the possibility that discussions over regulatory frameworks for animal
genetic resources are characterised by the sorts of costly, time-consuming and
divisive debate that engulfed the development of an international treaty on
plant genetic resources.
FNI project leader:
Tvedt, Morten Walløe
and Magnus Finckenhagen, 'Scope of Process Patents in
Farm Animal Breeding'. Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol
11, No 3, 2008, pp. 203-228.
Hiemstra, S.J., A.G. Drucker, M.W. Tvedt,
N. Louwaars, J.K. Oldenbroek, K. Awgichew, S. Abegaz Kebede, P.N. Bhat and A.
da Silva Mariante, 'What's on the
Menu? Options for Stregthening the Policy and Regulatory Framework for
Exchange, Use and Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources'. Animal
Genetic Resources Information, No 41, 2007, pp. 65-74.
A.G., S.J. Hiemstra, N. Louwaars, J.K. Oldenbroek, M.W. Tvedt, I. Hoffmann, K.
Awgichew, S. Abegaz Kebede, P.N. Bhat and A. da Silva Mariante,
'Back to the Future: How
Scenarios of Future Globalisation, Biotechnology, Disease and Climate Change
Can Inform Present AnGR Policy Development'. Animal Genetic Resources
Information, No 41, 2007, pp. 75-89.
Tvedt, Morten Walløe,
S.J. Hiemstra, A.G. Drucker, N. Louwaars and J.K. Oldenbroek,
for Exchange, Use and Conservation of AnGR: A Closer Look at Property Right
Issues'. Animal Genetic Resources Information, No 41, 2007, pp.
Finckenhagen, Magnus, Scope
of Process Patents in Farm Animal Production. FNI Report 6/2007.
Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 82 p.
Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Sipke Joost
Hiemstra, Adam G. Drucker, Niels Louwaars and Kor Oldenbroek, Legal Aspects of Exchange, Use and Conservation
of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. FNI Report 1/2007. Lysaker, FNI,
2007, 34 p.
Hiemstra, S.J., A.G. Drucker, M.W. Tvedt, N. Louwaars, J.K.
Oldenbroek, K. Awgichew, S. Abegaz Kebede, P.N. Bhat and A. da Silva Mariante,
Exchange, Use and Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources. CGN Report
2006/06. Wageningen (NL), Centre for Genetic Resources, 2006, 80 p.
|Related focal points of
Biodiversity and genetic
UN Food and Agriculture
FNI Research on Biological
Diversity. Information brochure (PDF, 0.5 Mb)