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Stimulating Sustainable Innovation in Aquaculture

This project aims to explore the need for legislation to promote sustainable innovation in aquaculture.

Breeding companies, marine bioprospecting institutions and investors in genetic engineering need protection of their improved genetic material to assure revenues from innovation and investment. At the same time, fish farmers and breeding companies need access to marine genetic resources for food production and further breeding, development and sustainable use.

The project aims at identifying the specific problems and possible solutions for legal regulation of access to aquatic genetic resources and protection of the results of research and development of genetic resources in aquaculture: Access to and legal protection of salmon, cod and tilapia genetic resources.

More information and publications available at Nofima's project homepage.

Project leader: Kristin Rosendal

Project period: 2009-2013


Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patent Protection for Inventions Related to Farmed Fish in Norway and the EPO'. In Keith Culver and Kieran O'Doherty (eds), Fishing and Farming Iconic Species - Cod and Salmon and Social Issues in Genomic Science. Ottawa, Captus Press, 2013, pp. 160-182.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Evolving Legal Regimes, Market Structures and Biology Affecting Access to and Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources'. Aquaculture, Published online 06.04.2013.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patent Law Affects Innovation in Aquaculture', Global Aquaculture Advocate, September/October 2012, pp. 64-65.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Access to, Equity and Protection of Genetic Resources in Ghana: The Case of Tilapia (O. niloticus). FNI Report 15/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 28 p.

Haro, Monica Natalia, Sustainability Aspects of Applying GMOs in Aquaculture. FNI Report 7/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 711 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Eiendomsrett i DNA-samfunnet' ('Property Rights in the DNA Society'), Morgenbladet, 19.04.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patent hemmer innovasjon' ('Patent Hampers Innovation'), Trønder-Avisa, 10.04.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patentet som hemmet innovasjon' ('The Patent that Hampered Innovation'), Dagbladet, 18.02.2012. In Norwegian.

Myhr, Anne Ingeborg, G. Kristin Rosendal and Ingrid Olesen. 'New Developments in Biotechnology and IPR in Aquaculture – Are they sustainable?'. In Z.A. Muchlisin (ed) Aquaculture. Rijeka, InTech, 2012, pp. 317-342.

Olesen, Ingrid, Anne Ingeborg Myhr and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'Sustainable Aquaculture: Are We Getting There? Ethical Perspectives on Salmon Farming'. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Vol 24, No 4, 2011, pp. 381-408.

Ponzoni, Raul W., Hooi Ling Khaw and Hoong Yip Yee, GIFT: The Story Since Leaving ICLARM (now known as The WorldFish Center). Socioeconomic, Access and Benefit Sharing and Dissemination Aspects. FNI Report 14/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 47 p.
 Related focal points of research:

   Biodiversity and genetic resources
   Law of the Sea and marine affairs

Project funding:

   Research Council of Norway (ELSA Programme)

 External cooperation partners:

   GENØK Centre for Biosafety
   WorldFish (CGIAR)

 Relevant FNI News:

Stimulating Sustainable Innovation in Aquaculture (06.09.2011)

Marine Biobanks and Aquaculture-related Patents. In Norwegian (19.08.2009)

 Media coverage:

'Patentkrig til topps' ('Patent War all the Way to the Supreme Court'), Forskningsetikk, 27.03.2012. In Norwegian.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (