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FNI PROJECTS

Strategies and Regulations Pertaining to Access to and Legal Protection of Aquatic Genetic Resources

The aim of this project has been to develop a basis for national regulation of access to aquatic genetic resources for breeding and equitable sharing of benefits rising from such use. By combining law, biology, and political science, the project has acquired systematic knowledge on the effects of corporate strategies and international and national regulations. The project has brought together perspectives from international and domestic legal processes with needs and perceptions of actors in aquaculture sector.

The project has been based on case studies of the use of salmon germplasm in Norwegian aquaculture. The case studies have primarily limited their scope to examining two aspects: 1) access to 'wild' marine genetic resources and 2) access and exchange between breeders. Main research questions have been:
   How are intellectual property rights perceived to affect access to aquatic genetic material?
   How are intellectual property rights perceived to affect possibilities for genetic improvement and innovation?
   How do breeders and farmers develop strategies for protection of and access to aquaculture genetic material?


Project leader: Kristin Rosendal


Project period: 2004-2007


Publications:

Olesen, Ingrid, G. Kristin Rosendal, Morten Rye, Morten Walløe Tvedt and Hans B. Bentsen, 'Who Shall Own the Genes of Farmed Fish?'. In Hagen, I.J. and T.S. Halvorsen (eds), Global Privatization and Its Impact. Hauppauge (USA), Nova Science Publishers, 2009, pp. 103-113.

Olesen, Ingrid, G. Kristin Rosendal, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Martin Bryde and Hans B. Bentsen, 'Access to and Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources – Structures and Strategies in Norwegian Aquaculture'. Aquaculture, Vol 272, Supplement 1, 2007, pp. S47-S61.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen, Hans B. Bentsen, Morten Walløe Tvedt and Martin Bryde, 'Access to and Legal Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources: Norwegian Perspectives'. Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol 9, No 4, 2006, pp. 392-412.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen, Hans B. Bentsen, Martin Bryde and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Hvem skal eie genene til oppdrettsfisken?' ('Who owns the genes in fish farming?'). Norsk fiskeoppdrett. 2005, pp. 48-50. In Norwegian.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen, Hans B. Bentsen, Morten Walløe Tvedt and Martin Bryde, Strategies and Regulations Pertaining to Access to and Legal Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources. FNI Report 7/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 27 p.
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 Related focal points of research:

   Biodiversity and biosafety
   Law of the Sea and marine affairs


Project funding:

   The Research Council of Norway (ELSA Programme)


 External cooperation partners:

   Faculty of Law, University of Bergen
   AKVAFORSK


Related document:

   FNI Research on Biological Diversity. Information brochure (PDF, 0.5 Mb)



Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (+@fni.no)