| FNI PROJECTS
Post-Agreement Bargaining in the Barents Sea Fisheries:
Strategies for Coping with Overfishing
The Barents Sea cod
fishery is the single most important fishery for Norway, both commercially and
in terms of maintaining viable communities along the coast. Since 1976, this
fishery has been managed bilaterally by Norway and the Soviet Union/Russian
Federation through the Joint Norwegian-Soviet/Russian Fisheries Commission.
While generally considered to be an example of successful international
collaboration, the management regime has met new challenges since the late
1990s: massive overfishing by Russian vessels, difficulties for Norwegian
research vessels in getting access to the Russian economic zone, a tougher
stance by the Russians in the Fishery Protection Zone around Svalbard, and
pressure from the Russian side to set quotas far above precautionary reference
points. Two of the most topical questions, as seen from the Norwegian side, are
How do we get fishermen to
comply with regulations?
How do we get the Russian
party to comply with its international obligations, including those concluded
at the bilateral level with Norway?
These questions resonate with social
science theories on compliance at two levels: individuals' compliance with
regulations and states' compliance with their international commitments. While
traditional perspectives view enforcement and other coercive measures as most
important in bringing about compliance, critics emphasise the potential of
various discursive measures, e.g. bargaining about compliance with target
groups after a rule has been adopted (at the individual level) or a treaty
concluded (at the international level). While as yet largely unstudied,
Norwegian authorities apply a range of discursive measures, or post-agreement
bargaining, in their efforts to bring about compliance at individual and state
level in the Barents Sea fisheries. The project will investigate the effects of
these efforts and make the findings relevant for adjacent (law) and more
distant (fish biology) fields of study.
Geir Hønneland (Project Leader)
Anne-Kristin Jørgensen (PhD
'Compliance and Postagreement Bargaining
in the Barents Sea Fisheries'. Ocean Development and International
Law, Vol 45, No 2, 2014, pp. 186-204.
Making Fishery Agreements
Work: Post-Agreement Bargaining in the Barents Sea.
Cheltenham/Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, 2012 (hardback), 2013 (paperback),160
'Kompromiss als Routine:
Russisch-Norwegische Konfliktlösung in der Barentssee' ('Compromise as
Routine: Russian-Norwegian Conflict Resolution in the Barents Sea'). In
'Logbuch Arktis', Osteuropa, Vol 61, Nos 2-3, 2011, pp. 257-269. In
'Tendentsii v rossiyskom rybolovstve'
('Developments in Russian Fisheries'). EKO, No 5, 2010, pp. 58-75.
'En bauta i samarbeidet' ('A Giant
in Norwegian-Russian Collaboration'), Nordlys, 9 December 2009. In
Developments in the Russian Fisheries Sector'. In Wilson Rowe, Elana (ed),
Russia and the North. Ottawa, University of Ottawa Press, 2009, pp.
resultater' ('Norwegian-Russian Fishery Cooperation Yields Results'),
Nordlys, 29 August 2009. In Norwegian.
'Framtiden for fisken i Barentshavet
norsk-russisk politikk i kulissene' ('The Future of the Barents Sea Fish
Norwegian-Russian Politics behind the Scenes'). In
P2-akademiet, Vol XXXX. Oslo, Transit, 2008, pp. 30-39. In
'Fisheries Inspection and
Enforcement - An Introduction'. In Skogrand, Kjetil (ed): Emerging from the
Frost: Security in the 21st Century Arctic. Oslo Files on Defence and
Security No 2, 2008, pp. 57-62.
The Research Council of Norway
(Ocean and Coastal Areas Programme (HAVKYST))
Related FNI document:
FNI ('FNI's Research on the High North'). Presentation brochure in
Norwegian (PDF , 0.6 Mb)
|Recent relevant FNI News:
Making Fishery Agreements Work