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Beyond Access – Implementation of CBD in Developed Countries

This project concerns the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in national jurisdictions. During the years since the CBD entered into force in 1993, the focus has been on access legislation and implementation in providing countries. The implementation of the third objective of the CBD, the fair and equitable benefit-sharing arising from the utilisation of genetic resources, is lagging behind in the implementation phase. Several implications identified under this project indicate that there is a need for addressing and implementing legislation in developed countries where genetic resources are being used. The Ad Hoc Working Group on Access and Benefit Sharing under the CBD has been mandated to negotiate an instrument or instruments that shall work to implement the benefit-sharing obligations. The core task of this project has been to provide for technical-legal analysis of the implementation of relevant legal tools to achieve this major objective under the CBD. The project has been carried out in cooperation with IUCN as part of their Access Project.

FNI project leader: Morten Walløe Tvedt

Project period: 2004-2007


Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Tomme Young, Au-delà de l'accès: l'application du partage juste et équitable des avantages en vertu de la CBD ('Beyond Access: Exploring Implementation of the Fair and Equitable Sharing Commitment in the CBD). Gland (Switzerland), IUCN, 2009, xxii + 151 p. In French.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Tomme Young, Beyond Access: Exploring Implementation of the Fair and Equitable Sharing Commitment in the CBD. Gland (Switzerland), IUCN, 2007, xx + 148 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Elements for Legislation in User Countries to Meet the Fair and Equitable Benefit-Sharing Commitment'. Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol 9, No 2, 2006, pp. 189-212.
 Related focal points of research:

   Biodiversity and genetic resources

Project funding:

   The World Conservation Union (IUCN)

External cooperation partners:

   The World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Related document:

   FNI Research on Biological Diversity. Information brochure (PDF, 0.5 Mb)

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
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