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Climate change Altering Nordic Energy Systems (CANES)

CANESThe primary objective of the CANES project is to improve our understanding of how investment patterns in Nordic energy systems are and will be affected by political changes aimed at mitigation of and adaptation to climate change.

Empirically, the project focuses on how current and planned climate-induced policies at the EU and national levels affect energy demand, supply and infrastructure development in Norway and Sweden, recognising the strong interconnectedness of the national energy systems in these two countries.

Climate change Altering Nordic Energy SystemsIn order to achieve its primary objective, the project seeks to improve our understanding of:
    Factors that promote and restrain the integration of climate concerns into EU policy areas with repercussions on investment patterns in the Nordic energy system.
    Domestic factors promoting and restraining integration of climate concerns in the Norwegian and Swedish energy systems with repercussions on national energy system investment patterns.
    How EU policies interact with domestic factors in Norway and Sweden to strengthen/weaken investment options.
    How domestic factors across the Nordic countries interact, through the interconnectedness of national energy systems, to affect investment patterns.

The project is carried out in close cooperation with key industrial players. For these, the project aims to:
    Enhance their readiness to respond to political developments at national, Nordic and EU levels.
    Improve their forecasting concerning future needs for production capacity and energy infrastructure, nationally and across borders.
    Contribute to the identification of politically feasible future balancing strategies for the Nordic energy system in a carbon-constrained world.

Much more information on the CANES website

FNI project team:
Jørgen Wettestad (project coordinator)
Per Ove Eikeland
Elin Lerum Boasson
Tor Håkon Inderberg
Claes Lykke Ragner (project secretary)

Project period: 2007-2011


Klimaomstilling av energisystemer: Nasjonale, nordiske og europeiske utfordringer (Climate Adaptation of Energy Systems: National, Nordic and European Challenges). Conference, 03.02.2011, Oslo.


Miard, Kadri, 'Lobbying During the Revision of the EU Emissions Trading System: Does EU Membership Influence Company Lobbying Strategies?' Journal of European Integration, published online 18.07.2013.

Wettestad, Jørgen, Per Ove Eikeland and Måns Nilsson, 'EU Climate and Energy Policy: A Hesitant Supranational Turn?' Global Environmental Politics, Vol 12, No 2, 2012, pp. 65-84.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Multi-sphere Climate Policy: Conceptualizing National Policy-making in Europe. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo. Oslo, Unipub, 2011, 287 p.

Nilsson, Måns, Lars J. Nilsson, R. Hildingsson, Johannes Stripple and Per Ove Eikeland, 'The Missing Link: Bringing Institutions and Politics into Energy Future Studies'. Futures, Vol 43, No 10, pp. 1117-1128.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'EU Internal Energy Market Policy: Achievements and Hurdles'. In Birchfield, Vicky L. and John Duffield (eds), Toward A Common European Union Energy Policy – Problems, Progress and Prospects. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, pp. 13-40.

Wettestad, Jørgen, 'EU Emissions Trading; Achivements and Challenges'. In Birchfield, Vicky L. and John Duffield (eds), Toward A Common European Union Energy Policy - Problems, Progress and Prospects. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, pp. 87-113.

Miard, Kadri, Lobbying During the Revision of the European Emissions Trading System: Easier for Swedish Industrial Insiders than for Norwegian Outsiders? FNI Report 3/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 93 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'The Third Internal Energy Market Package: New Power Relations among Member States, EU Institutions and Non-state Actors?' Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol 49, No 2, 2011, pp. 243-263.

Buan, Inga Fritzen, Per Ove Eikeland and Tor Håkon Inderberg, Rammebetingelser for utbygging av fornybar energi i Norge, Sverige og Skottland: Sammenligning av faktorer som motiverer og modererer investeringer ('Framework Conditions for Development of Renewable Energy in Norway, Sweden and Scotland: Comparison of Factors that Motivate and Moderate Investments'). FNI Report 6/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 125 p. In Norwegian.

Boasson, Elin Lerum and Jørgen Wettestad, Understanding the Differing Governance of EU Emissions Trading and Renewables: Feedback Mechanisms and Policy Entrepreneurs. FNI Report 2/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 34 p.

Nilsson, Måns, New Dawn for Electricity? EU Policy and the Changing Decision Space for Electricity Production in Sweden. FNI Report 11/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 32 p.

Flåm, Karoline Hægstad, 'EU Environmental State Aid Policy: Wide Implications, Narrow Participation?' Environmental Policy and Governance, Vol 19, No 5, 2009, pp. 336-349.

Wettestad, Jørgen, 'EU Energy-Intensive Industries and Emission Trading: Losers Becoming Winners?' Environmental Policy and Governance, Vol 19, No 5, 2009, pp. 309-320.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Åslaug Haga og samfunnsøkonomane' ('Åslaug Haga and the Economists'), Dag og Tid, 16 October 2009. In Norwegian.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Norsk byggenergipolitikk: Mangfoldig og inkonsistent – Working paper ('Norwegian Energy Performance of Buildings Policy: Diverse and Inconsistent – Working Paper'). FNI Report 10/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 19 p. In Norwegian.

Inderberg, Tor Håkon and Per Ove Eikeland, 'Limits to Adaptation: Analysing Institutional Constraints'. In Adger, N., I. Lorenzoni, and K. O'Brien (eds), Adapting to Climate Change – Thresholds, Values, Governance. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2009, pp. 433-447.

Kolbeinstveit, Atle, Grønne sertifikater: Et norsk perspektiv på saken om et pliktig elsertifikatmarked mellom Sverige og Norge ('Green Certificates: A Norwegian Perspective Regarding a Proposed Common Mandatory Electricity Certificate Market Between Norway and Sweden'). FNI Report 4/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 90 p. In Norwegian.

Skjærseth, Jon B. and Jørgen Wettestad, 'The Origin, Evolution and Consequences of the EU Emissions Trading System'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 9, No 2, 2009, pp. 101-123.

Fuglseth, Bente Beckstrøm, Regulative Change Targeting Energy Performance of Buildings in Sweden: Key Drivers and Main Implications. FNI Report 2/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 23 p.

Flåm, Karoline Hægstad, 'Restricting the Import of 'Emission Credits' in the EU: A Power Struggle between States and Institutions'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Vol 9, No 1, 2009, pp. 23-38.

Wettestad, Jørgen, EU Energy-intensive Industries and Emissions Trading: Losers Becoming Winners? FNI Report 10/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 20 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, EU Internal Energy Market Policy: New Dynamics in the Brussels Policy Game? FNI Report 14/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 67 p.

Flåm, Karoline Hægstad, EU Environmental State Aid Policy: Wide Implications, Narrow Participation? FNI Report 13/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 25 p.

Nilsson, Måns, Lars J. Nilsson and Karin Ericsson, Rapid Turns in European Renewable Energy Policy: Advocacy and Framing of the Proposed Trading of Guarantees of Origin. FNI Report 9/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 33 p.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Diversification of an Organisational Field: How Europe Promotes and Hampers Domestic Change. FNI Report 6/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 28 p.

Fuglseth, Bente Beckstrøm, Driving Forces and Barriers to Improved Energy Performance of Buildings: An Analysis of Energy Performance of Swedish Buildings, 2000-2006. FNI Report 5/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 92 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove 'Norsk klimapolitikk og tallmagi' ('Numerical Magic in Norwegian Climate Politics'), Dagbladet, 30 January 2008. In Norwegian.

Eikeland, Per Ove, 'Policy-utvikling i EU på olje- og gassområdet' ('EU Oil- and Gas Policy Development'). In Globale Norge: Hva nå? Energipolitiske interesser og utfordringer ('Global Norway: What Now? Energy Interests and Energy Challenges'). Oslo, Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2007, pp. 119-125. In Norwegian.

Inderberg, Tor Håkon and Per Ove Eikeland, 'Norske kabler i norsk klima', ('Norwegian Cables in a Norwegian Climate'). Bergens Tidende, 16 December 2007. In Norwegian.

> More publications and analyzes on this topic on the CANES website
 Related focal points of research:

   European energy and environmental politics
   Climate change

Project funding:

   Research Council of Norway (RENKLIM Programme)
   Federation of Norwegian Industries
   Energy Norway
   Svenska Kraftnät

 External cooperation partners:

   Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI)
  Environmental and Energy Systems Studies Division, University of Lund

 Recent relevant FNI News:

Elin Lerum Boasson obtains Ph.D. with Analysis of Norwegian Climate Policy (14.12.2011)

Norwegian Climate and Energy Politics: EU Knowledge Gives Influence. In Norwegian. (04.02.2011)

CANES at Energitinget: How is the Nordic energy sector influenced by EU policies? In Norwegian. (26.03.2010)

New EU Policies on Renewable Energy: Opportunities and Problems for Norway and the Nordic Countries? In Norwegian. (17.06.2009)

Recent media coverage:

'– CO2-fangst ble et politisk kompromiss' ('– CO2 Capture Became a Political Compromise'), Teknisk Ukeblad, 01.03.2011. In Norwegian.

'Vil lære av Sverige og Skottland' ('Renewable Energy: Norway Wants to Learn From Sweden and Scotland'),, 31.03.2010. In Norwegian.

'Nettinvesteringer for flere hundre milliarder' ('Several Houndred Billions NOK of Grid Investments',, 17.03.2010. In Norwegian.

'Klimapolitikk i partiprogrammene' ('Climate Politics in Party Programs'), CICERO News, 2 September 2009. In Norwegian.

'– Kulturforskjeller stoppet grønne sertifikater' ('– Cultural Differences Stopped Green Certificates'), Teknisk Ukeblad, 10 June 2009. In Norwegian.

'Klimapolitikk i valgåret 2009' ('Norwegian Climate Politics in the Election Year 2009'), Klima, 30 March 2009. In Norwegian.

'Gass kan bli mindre populær i Europa' ('Natural Gas to Loose Popularity in Europe?'), Aftenbladet, 27 May 2008. In Norwegian.

'EU stadig viktigere for norsk energipolitikk' ('EU Gaining Importance in Norwegian Energy Policy'), Klima, No 1, 20.02.2008. In Norwegian.

'Bestem selv hvor energivennlig huset ditt er' ('Decide Yourself How Energy-Friendly Your House Is'), NTB, 16 November 2007. In Norwegian.

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