The Fridtjof Nansen Institute
About FNI 
News & events 


Capacity to Govern Climate Mitigation in China and Russia

This project looks at formal and informal institutions in Chinese and Russian climate policy implementation, and asks: Under which conditions and in what ways does the low governing capacity of these countries influence their climate-mitigation measures?

This question is approached by examining how weak formal institutions and strong informal institutions contribute to the processes of mitigation policy formulation and implementation. What mechanisms influential to the outcomes of mitigation policies do these institutional dynamics create in the planned economy tradition? What do these mechanisms look like in practice, who drives them and why, and how do they influence mitigation policy processes? And how do the outputs of climate policy processes look, as a result of these mechanisms?

Can some common lessons be learnt, or can China and Russia be expected to follow completely separate logics in terms of formulating and implementing their mitigation policies?

Project team:
Anna Korppo (project leader)
Iselin Stensdal (PhD student)
Gørild Heggelund

Project period: 2014-2018


Korppoo, Anna and Anton Orlov, 'Russia’s Climate Mitigation Policies: How to Get Them Implemented?', Russian Analytical Digest, No 185, 27.06.2016, pp. 5-8.

Stensdal, Iselin, 'Kina: Fra bremsekloss til klimapådriver?' ('China and climate: From laggard to front-runner?'). Norsk Klimastiftelse Rapport, No 4 2016, pp. 9-12. In Norwegian.

Stensdal, Iselin, 'China’s GHG Mitigation: The Role of Local Governments', China Policy Institute Blog, 16.05.2016.

Knizhnikov, A., V. Tetelmin and Y. Bunina, Analitseskoi doklad po probleme ratsionalnogo ispolzobaniya poputnogo neftnyanogo gaza v Rossii ('Analytical presentation of the problems of rational use of associated petroleum gas in Russia'). Moscow, WWF Russia, 2015, 60 p. In Russian.

Stensdal, Iselin, 'Kinas nye revolusjon' ('China's New Revolution'), Dagens Næringsliv, 20.01.2015. In Norwegian.
 Related focal points of research:

   Climate change
   Chinese energy and environmental politics
   Arctic and Russian politics

Project funding:

   Research Council of Norway (KLIMAFORSK Programme)

 External cooperation partners:

   WWF Russia

Recent media coverage:

'Kina og ratifiseringen av Parisavtalen 3.9.16' ('China and its ratification of the Paris agreement'), NRK Dagsnytt atten, 06.09.2016. In Norwegian.

'COP21: China's climate progress from Copenhagen to Paris', gbTimes, 10.12.2015.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (