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Conditions for Change in International Climate Policy: The Role of China, the EU and the US

So far, progress in the making of a follow-up to the Kyoto Protocol has been very limited. The main reason is that the US, EU and China have chosen different strategies to deal with this problem.

However, now a notable change can be discerned in the climate policies of these actors. This project will investigate the reason for these changes and not least discuss implications of these changes for the future course of the process of negotiations. These changes could make agreement easier, but there are also severe challenges and uncertainties. The project will follow closely the climate negotiations over the period 2009-2011 with a special focus on these three actors.

Project leader: Steinar Andresen

Project period: 2009-2013


Stensdal, Iselin, 'Chinese Climate-Change Policy, 1988-2013: Moving On Up'. Asian Perspective, Vol 38, No 1, 2014, pp. 111-135.

Bang, Guri, Iselin Stensdal and Solveig Aamodt, 'Gigantene avgjør i Doha' ('The Giants Decide in Doha'), Dagens Næringsliv, 04.12.2012. In Norwegian.

Bauer, Steffen, Steinar Andresen and Frank Biermann, 'International Bureaucracies'. In F. Biermann and P. Pattberg (eds), Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered, Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2012, pp. 27-45

Gupta, Arti, Steinar Andresen, Bernd Siebenhuner and Frank Biermann, 'Science Networks'. In F. Biermann and P. Pattberg (eds), Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered, Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2012, pp. 69-95

Andresen, Steinar, 'Do We Need More Global Sustainability Conferences?' In P. Dauvergne (ed), Handbook of Global Environmental Politics, 2nd edition. Cheltenham (UK)/Northampton (USA), Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 87-97.

Andresen, Steinar and Arild Underdal, 'Vi trenger ikke Rio+20 konferansen' ('We Don't Need the Rio+20 Conference'), Aftenposten, 20.06.2012. In Norwegian.

Andresen, Steinar and Arild Underdal, 'We do not need more global sustainability conferences', Earth System Governance, 19.06.2012.

Stensdal, Iselin, China’s Carbon-Intensity Target: Climate Actors and Policy Developments. FNI Report 3/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 34 p.

Underdal, Arild, Iselin Stensdal, Jon Birger Skjærseth and Guri Bang, 'Nøkkelaktører låser klimaforhandlingene' ('Key Actors Lock the Climate Negotiations'), Dagsavisen, 13.12.2011. In Norwegian.

Stensdal, Iselin, 'Viktige røster i salen: Kina: I økonomisk vekst', Klima, 25.11.2011.

Korppoo, Anna, 'Viktige røster i salen: Russland: Økonomi i overgangsfase', Klima, 25.11.2011.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, 'Viktige røster i salen: EU: Vil gå foran', Klima, 25.11.2011.

Andresen, Steinar and Elin Lerum Boasson. 'International Climate Cooperation: Clear Recommendations, Weak Commitments'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 49-67.

Andresen, Steinar and Tora Skodvin, 'The Climate Regime: Achievements and Challenges'. In Davor Vidas and Peter Johan Schei (eds), The World Ocean in Globalisation. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill, 2011, pp. 165-186.

Austgulen, Marthe Hårvik, Klimaforhandlingene i København: USAs betydning analysert gjennom to-nivå spill ('Climate Negotiations in Copenhagen: USA's Significance Analysed'). FNI Report 17/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 105 p. In Norwegian.

Wübbeke, Jost, The Power of Advice: Experts in Chinese Climate Change Politics. FNI Report 15/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 60 p.

Andresen, Steinar, 'The Copenhagen Accord: The Failure of Multilateral Diplomacy?', MEPIELAN E-Bulletin, 16.07.2010.

Heggelund, Gørild, Steinar Andresen and Inga Fritzen Buan, 'Chinese Climate Policy: Domestic Priorities, Foreign Policy and Emerging Implementation'. In Kathryn Harrison and Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom (eds), Global Commons, Domestic Decisions. Cambridge (MA), USA / London, UK, MIT Press, 2010, pp. 239-261.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Klima: Har FN utspilt sin rolle?' ('Climate Change: Has the UN Exhausted its Role?'), Minerva, 19.01.2010. In Norwegian.

Skodvin, Tora and Steinar Andresen 'An Agenda for Change in U.S. Climate Policies? Presidential Ambitions and Congressional Powers' International Environnmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Vol 9, No 3, 2009, pp. 263-280.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Nytt felles klimaprosjekt om klimaforhandlingene' ('New Common Research Project on the Climate Negotiations'), Klima, No 2, 30 March 2009. In Norwegian.
 Related focal points of research:

   Climate change
   Chinese energy and environmental politics
   European energy and environmental politics

Project funding:

   The Research Council of Norway (NORKLIMA Programme)

 External cooperation partners:

   CICERO (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo)
   Environmental Policy Research Centre (FFU), Freie Universitet Berlin

Recent media coverage:

'– Viktige aktører ønsker ikke sterk klimaavtale' ('- Key Actors Do Not Want a Strong Climate Agreement'),, 17.09.2014. In Norwegian.

'Suksessen verden ikke makter å gjenta' ('Ozone: The Success Story the World Doesn't Manage to Repeat'), Dagsavisen, 16.09.2014. In Norwegian.

'Rio+20: Take science seriously and change the process', The Conversation, 21.06.2012.

'Lave klima-forventninger' ('Low Expectations for Climate Negotiations'),, 24.11.2011. In Norwegian.

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