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Environmental Labelling, Trade Rules, and Sustainable Management of Forest and Fisheries

Environmental labelling is on the rise and this project analyses sustainability-oriented certification and labelling schemes in two sectors - forestry and fisheries - to identify conditions for such schemes to affect actual management practices. Particular attention is paid to (1) ownership, i.e. how various schemes are initiated and operated by governmental, industrial, or civil society organisations; (2) substantive and procedural certification criteria; (3) transparency and involvement; and (4) how such schemes relate to international trade rules.

FNI project team:
Olav Schram Stokke (Project Leader)
Lars H. Gulbrandsen

Project period: 2003-2004


Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and David Humphreys, International Initiatives to Address Tropical Timber Logging and Trade. FNI Report 4/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 67 p.

Stokke, Olav Schram, Lars H. Gulbrandsen, Alf Håkon Hoel and Jonette Braathen, 'Ecolabelling and Sustainable Management of Forestry and Fisheries: Does it work?'. In Boström, M., A. Føllesdal, M. Klintman, M. Micheletti and M. Sorensen (eds), Political Consumerism: Its Motivations, Power, and Conditions in the Nordic Countries and Elsewhere. TemaNord. Copenhagen, Nordic Minsterial Council, 2005.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Miljømerking og bærekraftig fiskeri- og skogforvaltning' ('Eco-labelling and Sustainable Fishery and Forest Management'). Internasjonal politikk, Vol 63, No 4, 2005, pp. 395-420. In Norwegian.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Explaining Different Approaches to Voluntary Standards: A Study of Forest Certification Choices in Norway and Sweden', Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, Vol 7, No 1, 2005, pp. 43-59.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'The Effectiveness of Non-State Governance Schemes: A Comparative Study of Forest Certification in Norway and Sweden', International Environmental Agreements, Vol 5, No 2, 2005, pp. 125-149.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Sustainable Forestry in Sweden: The Effect of Competition Among Private Certification Schemes', The Journal of Environment and Development, Vol 14, No 3, 2005, pp. 338-355.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Mark of Sustainability? Challenges for Fishery and Forestry Eco-labeling'. Environment, Vol 47, No 5, 2005, pp. 8-23.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Overlapping Public and Private Governance: Can Forest Certification Fill the Gaps in the Global Forest Regime?'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 4, No 2, 2004, pp. 75-99.

Stokke, Olav Schram and Davor Vidas, 'Regulating IUU Fishing or Combating IUU Operations?'. Chapter in: Fish Piracy: Combating Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Paris, OECD, 2004, pp. 19-47.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'The Evolving Forest Regime and Domestic Actors: Strategic or Normative Adaptation?'. Environmental Politics, Vol 12, No 2, 2003, pp. 95-114.
 Related focal points of research:

   Biodiversity and genetic resources
   Law of the Sea and marine affairs

Project funding:

   The Research Council of Norway

 External cooperation partners:

   University of Tromsø, Deptartment of Political Science
   Norut AS

 Recent relevant FNI News:

   FNI Explores International Policies to Control Illegal Logging (07.04.06)

Related document:

   FNI Research on Biological Diversity. Information brochure (PDF, 0.5 Mb)

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (