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Energy Savings – from Regulation to Realisation (ESPARR)

ESPARR seeks to show and explain the potential for energy saving on two different measures in Norway: the Energy Performance Contracting (EPC), in existing public and private building structure, and the advanced metering of electricity (AMS).

FNI leads WP 3, with the goal of explaining the developments of the Norwegian policies related to the two sets of regulations. While EPC is very loosely regulated and takes the form of a market measure where third-party energy service companies offers contracts that reduces risk for investments for energy savings, the Norwegian AMS regulations are on the contrary on a strict timeline with clear requirements to the grid companies, who are responsible for the rolling out of AMS, due to be finally installed for all end-users by 2017.

For both energy savings relevant policy areas the goal is to compare the two measures and provide explanations for the differences in regulations. To this end a common framework seeks explanations in three policy spheres: formal and informal influence from the EU, national politics in Norway, as well as explanations stemming from sector-specific organizational field culture.

External project website here.

Project leader at FNI: Tor Håkon Inderberg

Project period: 2012-2014


Inderberg, Tor Håkon, 'Advanced metering policy development and influence structures: The case of Norway'. Energy Policy, Vol 81, 2015, pp. 98-105.
 Related focal points of research:

   European energy and environmental politics

Project funding:

   Research Council of Norway (RENERGI Programme)

 External cooperation partners:

   CICERO – Center for International Climate and Environmental Research (coordinator)
   Centre for Development and the Environment (SUM)

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (