| FNI PROJECTS
Europeanization of Energy-Technological Innovation
Systems: Drivers, Consequences and Strategic Challenges for Norway
The development towards Europeanization of innovation
policies and its consequences is poorly understood. A major literature exist on
the internationalization of economic activity (including R&D) at the
corporate level, but few studies focus on internationalization of greater
innovation systems because the main focus has been on institutions at the
An obvious reason for this is evidently the infancy of
innovation policy development at the international level, now about to change
with the recent policy development observed within the European Union. When
adopted in 2008, the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET-Plan)
constituted a new low-carbon technology push policy at the EU-level. The plan
aimed at accelerating innovation in new energy technologies for a low-carbon
future and put EU technology industries at the forefront internationally.The EU
SET-Plan represented a step forward for co-ordination at the EU level of
national and industrial energy R&D resources to create critical masses of
activities and actors needed for accellerating innovation in selected priority
This loosening of national control is an interesting
puzzle, since EU member states have viewed technology policy as a crucial
strategic instrument to support national industrial development and
The drivers of this new EU policy, its status of
implementation, consequences for EU climate policy development and strategic
challenges for national energy-technological innovation systems (with Norway as
case) is studied in the project, introducing the following main research
How can we explain why the SET-Plan
came into being and developed as a common technology policy that selected
specific industrial initiatives at EU level?
How can we assess implementation of the SET-plan and its
performance according to SET-plan goals and wider EU energy and climate goals?
How can we assess the consequences of the
SET-Plan for Norway and Norwegian industrial strategies?
aims to advance analysis of what role politics play in ithe ongoing efforts to
establish an EU-level system of innovation in low-carbon energy technologies.
Analytical frameworks are developed by combining EU policy development- and
systems of innovation studies.
Per Ove Eikeland
Eikeland, Per Ove
and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'EU
går foran i Paris' ('The EU leads the way in Paris'), Dagens
Næringsliv, 07.12.2015. In Norwegian.
Birger, 'EU climate and energy
policy: demanded or supplied?' In G. Bang, A. Underdal and S. Andresen
(eds), The Domestic Politics of Global Climate Change. Cheltenham,
Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 71-94.
Jevnaker, Torbjørg, Leiv Lunde and
Jon Birger Skjærseth,
Relations towards 2050: From Fossil Fuels to Low-Carbon Opporunities'. In
C. Dupont and S. Oberthür, Decarbonization in the European Union:
Internal Policies and External Strategies. Hampshire (UK), Palgrave
Macmillan, 2015, pp. 222-243.
Research Council of Norway