| FNI PROJECTS
Designing Effective Emissions Trading: The Contribution
of International Diffusion (ETS-DIFFUSION)
focuses on emissions trading, a key instrument for reducing greenhouse gas
(GHG) emissions that has gained increasing attention and weight in recent
In theory, emissions trading provides cost-effective stimuli for
reducing emissions by putting a price on GHG emissions. However, its
effectiveness is heavily conditioned by design factors, not least the
stringency of the emissions cap.
This project investigates the factors
influencing the design and international diffusion of emissions trading in some
major emitting jurisdictions: the EU, China, California and Australia. These
systems develop at different speeds, with some frontrunners and others as
recent adopters. This makes it important to clarify inter-system
lessons-learning and other types of interaction. Hence, we link up to a rich
debate on policy diffusion, and how design processes are adapted to the
specific circumstances of countries and regions. Improved knowledge about
designs and main shaping factors is also important for assessing the
possibilities for greater transnational linkage of systems as a potential
bottomup alternative global climate regulatory
We will improve knowledge by detailed document analysis,
semi-structured interviews with central stakeholders, and by drawing upon the
expertise of some of the worlds leading experts on climate politics and
carbon markets. ETS-DIFFUSION has clear relevance for the negotiations under
the global climate regime on market and non-market
Norway was among the initiators of the International
Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP) and has over time emphasized the development
of market mechanisms. ETS-DIFFUSION also has practical implications for
Norwegian governmental and industrial actors involved in bilateral and
multilateral coordination processes, particularly vis-à-vis emerging
systems as in China. Furthermore, Norway is linked to the EU ETS through the
European Economic Area agreement.
articles and book chapters
Jevnaker, Torbjørg and Jørgen Wettestad. 'Linked Carbon Markets: Silver Bullet or Castle in the Air?'
Climate Law, Vol 5, Nos 1-2, 2016, pp. 109-117.
Wettestad, Jørgen, 'EU Emissions Trading'. In Karin Bäckstrand and Eva Løvbrand (eds), Research Handbook on Climate Governance. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 345-356.
'The EU Emissions Trading
System: Frontrunner in Trouble'. In Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe,
Leonie Reins (eds), Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law.
Cheltenham (UK), Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 451-476.
Boasson, Elin Lerum
Boasson and Wettestad, Jørgen,
'The Interaction of EU Climate
Policies: Mechanisms and Lessons'. In Tony Fitzpatrick (ed),
International Handbook on Social Policy and the Environment. Cheltenham
(UK), Edward Elgar, 2014, pp. 329-349-17.
'Rescuing EU Emissions Trading:
Mission Impossible?' Global Environmental Politics, Vol 14, No 2,
Jørgen and Lars H.Gulbrandsen, The
Evolution of Carbon Trading Systems: Waves, Design and Diffusion. FNI
Report 9/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 40 p.
Underdal, Arild, David G.Victor
and Jørgen Wettestad, Studying the
Global Diffusion oif Emissions Trading: Key Building Blocks in the ETS
DIFFUSION Project Research Design, FNI Report 2/2015. Lysaker, FNI,
2015, 15 p.
Heggelund, Goerild, 'Aspects that are important to consider in the design phase of the national ETS'. Environomist China Carbon Market Research Report 2016. Beijing, Environomist, 2016, pp. 23-27,
Jørgen and Torbjørg Jevnaker,
i medvind' ('Greenhouse gas emission quotas gaining popularity'),
Klima, 27.05.2015. In Norwegian.
Wettestad, Jørgen and
kvassere klimakvoter i EU' ('Towards stricter emission quotas in the EU'),
Energi og Klima, 13.05.2015. In Norwegian.
Jørgen and Torbjørg Jevnaker,
much needed momentum is finally building behind the EUs emissions trading
system', EUROPP Blog, 24.04.2015.
innstramming av EUs kvotesystem?' ('Rapid Tightening of the EU Emissions
Trading System?'), Energi & Klima, 04.11.2014. In
karbonprising' ('Towards Global Carbon Pricing'), Klima, 30.10.2014.
Research Council of Norway