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EU Enlargement – Challenges to the Effectiveness of Environmnetal Policy

This project aims to increase our understanding of EU environmental policy in general and the consequences of enlargement for EU environmental policy in particular. The enlargement of the European Union from 15 to 25 and possibly 28 member-states represents an increase of 170 million people and 58% of the EU's land area. Such enlargement will necessarily involve a whole series of new problems and possibilities with regard to sustainable development. What consequences will enlargement have for the environmental policy of the EU and in Norway, heavily dependent upon developments within the EU? Through studies of various environmental policy fields, such as climate change, air pollution and GMOs, the FNI aims to contribute greater knowledge and awareness of EU environmental policy and the consequences of enlargement.

Project leader: Jon Birger Skjærseth

Project period: 2004-2008


Skjærseth, Jon B. and Jørgen Wettestad, 'The Origin, Evolution and Consequences of the EU Emissions Trading System'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 9, No 2, 2009, pp. 101-123.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Jørgen Wettestad, EU Emissions Trading: Initiation, Decision-making and Implementation. Aldershot, Ashgate, 2008, 216 p.

Flåm, Karoline Hægstad, 'Restricting the Import of 'Emission Credits' in the EU: A Power Struggle between States and Institutions'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Vol 9, No 1, 2009, pp. 23-38.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Jørgen Wettestad, 'Implementing EU Emissions Trading: Success or Failure?'. International Environmental Agreements, Vol 8, No 3, 2008, pp. 275-290.

Skjærseth, Jon B. and Jørgen Wettestad, 'Is EU Enlargement Bad for Environmental Policy? Confronting Gloomy Expectations with Evidence'. International Environmental Agreements, Vol 7, No 3, 2007, pp. 263-280.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Jørgen Wettestad, EU Enlargement and Environmental Policy: The Bright Side. FNI Report 14/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 23 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen, Effectiveness of EU Auto-Oil: A Slippery Business? FNI Report 10/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 20 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen, 'The Effectiveness of Environmental Policies'. In Betsill, Michele, Kathryn Hochstetler and Dimitris Stevis (eds), Palgrave Advances in International Environmental Politics. New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, pp. 373-410.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Governing GMOs in the EU: A Deviant Case of Environmental Policy-making?' Global Environmental Politics, Vol 5, No 1, 2005, pp. 82-104.

Korneliussen, Yngvild, 'Norges oppfølging av miljødirektiv fra EU: Betydningen av sektoriell organisering' ('Following up on environmental directives in Norway: The significance of a sector focus'). Norsk Statsvitenskapelig Tidsskrift, Vol 20, 2004, pp. 127-152. In Norwegian.
 Related focal points of research:

   European energy and environmental politics

Project funding:

   The Research Council of Norway

Recent relevant FNI News:

   Understanding the Fascinating Development of the EU ETS (13.03.08)

Recent media coverage:

'Skrev bok om kvotehandelens historie' ('Wrote Book on the History of Quota Emissions Trading'), Norwegian EU Delegation, 7 November 2008. In Norwegian.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (