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Explaining Different Immunization Coverage, a Multi-Disciplinary Approach (GLOBVAC)

Although there exist effective vaccines for many life-threatening diseases, access to these technologies remains limited in many low and middle income countries. This project address the question: Why are some low-income countries and communities therein far more successful than others in immunizing children – despite unfavourable political and economic circumstances?

By focusing upon social processes where supply meets demand, the study explores the impact policy regimes, political economy and social institutions have on local responses to immunization.

Detailed community studies are being conducted in Malawi and India, by applying a standardized survey tool across and within cases.

The Project is headed by the Centre for Development and Environment (SUM) and several other units of the University of Oslo also play key parts. The contribution of FNI is mainly in terms of theory and methodology based on what lessons can be learned from the study of international environmental regimes.

Project leader at FNI: Steinar Andresen

Project period: 2008-2012


McNeill, Desmond, Steinar Andresen and Kristin Sandberg, 'The Global Politics of Health: Actors and Initatives'. In Roaldkvam, S., D McNeill and S Blume (eds), Protecting the World's Children: Immunisation Policies and Practices. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 59-97

Sandberg, Kristin I. and Steinar Andresen, 'From Development Aid to Foreign Policy: Global Immunization Efforts as a Turning Point for Norwegian Engagement in Global Health'. Forum for Development Studies, Vol 37, No 3, 2010, pp. 301-325.
 Related focal points of research:

   Global environmental governance and law

Project funding:

   Research Council of Norway (GLOBVAC Program)

 External cooperation partners:

   Centre for Development and Environment (SUM), University of Oslo
   Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI)
   Department of Social Anthropology, University of Oslo
   Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (