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Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing: Implementing Mechanisms for Jurisdiction, Control and Enforcement

The problem of illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing has over the past decade become one of the most complex and problematic issues of ocean governance. Fish species little known just a decade ago, such as the Patagonian toothfish, now easily find ways to markets world-wide. Considerable proportion of that catch originates in IUU fishing. In response, recent years have seen dynamic regulatory developments. Several regional fisheries bodies adopted new, progressive measures to combat IUU fishing. At the global level, regulation can be followed through the 1993 FAO Compliance Agreement, the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement, and the 2001 FAO International Plan of Action against IUU Fishing. Various regulation and measures have been adopted at national levels as well. Despite all this, IUU fishing is still on the rise. This is especially the case with lucrative IUU fishing for valuable fish stocks, conducted with a view to international trade. Why is there a discrepancy between the purpose of the current regulation and the problem at hand? What else can be done to combat IUU fishing more successfully? The current project examines possible answers to those questions, by exploring new trends in development and implementation of measures to combat IUU fishing.

Project leader: Davor Vidas

Project period: 2002-2006

Selected publications:

Vidas, Davor, 'Current and Future Challenges Facing CCAMLR: The Problem of IUU Fishing'. CCAMLR Symposium 5-8 April 2005, Valdivia, Chile: Symposium presentations and papers, Volume 2. Hobart (Australia), Australian Government, Australian Antarctic Division, 2005, 7 p.

Vidas, Davor, 'IUU Fishing or IUU Operations? Some Observations on Diagnosis and Current Treatment'. In Caron, D.D. and H.N. Scheiber (eds), Bringing New Law to Ocean Waters. Publications on Ocean Development, Vol 47. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2004, pp. 125-144.

Stokke, Olav Schram and Davor Vidas, 'Regulating IUU Fishing or Combating IUU Operations?'. In Fish Piracy: Combating Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing. Paris, OECD, 2004, pp. 19-47.

Vidas, Davor, 'Global Trends in Use of the Seas and the Legitimacy of Croatia's Extension of Jurisdiction in the Adriatic Sea', Croatian International Relations Review, Dossier, Vol. 9, No. 32, 2003, pp. 4-10.
 Related focal points of research:

   Law of the Sea and marine affairs

Project funding:

   The Research Council of Norway
   Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

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