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FNI PROJECTS

Implementing the Climate Regime: Conditions for Effectiveness

The flexible mechanisms and the emerging compliance system of the climate regime both have the same overall objective: to enhance member states' inclination to implement policies that reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. This project discusses some key conditions for these special features of the climate regime to work effectively.

One sub-projects looks into the national implementation politics of four climate actors – the USA, EU, China and Russia – with respect to issues that will affect the efficiency of a future trade system based on the flexible emissions under the Kyoto Protocol: quota trade, joint implementation and the green development mechanism.

A second sub-project has contributed to a book which evaluates the Kyoto-Protocol compliance system. Four themes are covered: a comparative analysis of the formation and structure of the compliance system and the controversies that surrounded it; verification and its ability to respond to climate-specific challenges and obstacles; how external compliance mechanisms such as trade measures can work alongside internal ones; and the role of corporations and NGOs in its implementation.


FNI project leader: Olav Schram Stokke


Project period: 2002-2003


Publications:

Stokke, Olav Schram, Jon Hovi and Geir Ulfstein (eds), Implementing the Climate Regime - International Compliance. Earthscan, January 2005. 272 p.

Andresen, Steinar and Lars H. Gulbrandsen, 'The Role of Green NGOs in Promoting Climate Compliance'. In Stokke, Hovi and Ulfstein (eds), Implementing the Climate Regime: International Compliance. London, Earthscan, 2005, pp. 169-186.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, 'Major Oil Companies in Climate Policy: Strategies and Compliance'. In Stokke, Hovi and Ulfstein (eds), Implementing the Climate Regime: International Compliance. London, Earthscan, 2005, pp. 187-209.

Wettestad, Jørgen, 'Enhancing Climate Compliance - What are the Lessons to Learn from Environmental Regimes and the EU?'. In Stokke, Hovi and Ulfstein (eds), Implementing the Climate Regime: International Compliance. London, Earthscan, 2005, pp. 209-233.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Trade Measures and Climate Compliance: Interplay Between WTO and the Marrakesh Accords'. International Environmental Agreements, Vol 4, No 4, 2004, pp. 339-357.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Steinar Andresen, 'NGO Influence in the Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance, Flexibility Mechanisms and Sinks'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 4, No 4, 2004, pp. 54-75.

Tangen, Kristian and Gørild Heggelund, 'Will the Clean Development Mechanism be Effectively Implemented in China?'. Climate Policy, Vol 3, No 3, 2003, pp. 303-307.

Christiansen, A. C. and Jørgen Wettestad, 'The EU as a frontrunner on greenhouse gas emissions trading: How did it happen and will the EU succeed?'. Climate Policy, Vol 3, No 1, 2003, pp. 3-18.

Christiansen, Atle C., Convergence or divergence? Status and prospects for US climate strategy, FNI Report 6/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 24 p.

Tangen, Kristian, Anna Korppoo, Vladimir Berdin, Taishi Sugiyama, Christian Egenhofer, John Drexhage, Oleg Pluzhnikov, Michael Grubb, Thomas Legge, Arild Moe, Jonathan Stern and Kenichiro Yamaguchi, A Russian Green Investment Scheme - Securing environmental benefits from international emissions trading. Climate Strategies, 2002. 84 p.
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 Related focal points of research:

   Global governance and sustainable development


Project funding:

   The Research Council of Norway (SAMSTEMT Programme)


 External cooperation partners:

   CICERO (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo)
   The Department of Public and International Law, University of Oslo



Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (+@fni.no)