| FNI PROJECTS
Implementing the Climate Regime: Conditions for
The flexible mechanisms and the emerging
compliance system of the climate regime both have the same overall objective:
to enhance member states' inclination to implement policies that reduce the
emission of greenhouse gases. This project discusses some key conditions for
these special features of the climate regime to work effectively.
sub-projects looks into the national implementation politics of four climate
actors the USA, EU, China and Russia with respect to issues that
will affect the efficiency of a future trade system based on the flexible
emissions under the Kyoto Protocol: quota trade, joint implementation and the
green development mechanism.
A second sub-project has contributed to a
book which evaluates the Kyoto-Protocol compliance system. Four themes are
covered: a comparative analysis of the formation and structure of the
compliance system and the controversies that surrounded it; verification and
its ability to respond to climate-specific challenges and obstacles; how
external compliance mechanisms such as trade measures can work alongside
internal ones; and the role of corporations and NGOs in its
FNI project leader:
Olav Schram Stokke
Schram, Jon Hovi and Geir Ulfstein (eds),
Implementing the Climate Regime -
International Compliance. Earthscan, January 2005. 272
Andresen, Steinar and Lars H. Gulbrandsen,
'The Role of Green NGOs in Promoting
Climate Compliance'. In Stokke, Hovi and Ulfstein (eds), Implementing
the Climate Regime: International Compliance. London, Earthscan, 2005, pp.
Skjærseth, Jon Birger, 'Major Oil Companies in Climate
Policy: Strategies and Compliance'. In Stokke, Hovi and Ulfstein (eds),
Implementing the Climate Regime: International Compliance. London,
Earthscan, 2005, pp. 187-209.
Wettestad, Jørgen, 'Enhancing
Climate Compliance - What are the Lessons to Learn from Environmental Regimes
and the EU?'. In Stokke, Hovi and Ulfstein (eds), Implementing the Climate
Regime: International Compliance. London, Earthscan, 2005, pp.
Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Trade Measures and Climate Compliance:
Interplay Between WTO and the Marrakesh Accords'. International
Environmental Agreements, Vol 4, No 4, 2004, pp.
Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Steinar Andresen,
'NGO Influence in the
Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Compliance, Flexibility Mechanisms and
Sinks'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 4, No 4, 2004, pp.
Tangen, Kristian and Gørild Heggelund,
'Will the Clean Development
Mechanism be Effectively Implemented in China?'. Climate Policy, Vol
3, No 3, 2003, pp. 303-307.
Christiansen, A. C. and Jørgen
Wettestad, 'The EU as a
frontrunner on greenhouse gas emissions trading: How did it happen and will the
EU succeed?'. Climate Policy, Vol 3, No 1, 2003, pp.
Christiansen, Atle C., Convergence or divergence? Status and
prospects for US climate strategy, FNI Report 6/2003. Lysaker, FNI,
2003, 24 p.
Tangen, Kristian, Anna Korppoo, Vladimir Berdin, Taishi
Sugiyama, Christian Egenhofer, John Drexhage, Oleg Pluzhnikov, Michael Grubb,
Thomas Legge, Arild Moe, Jonathan Stern and Kenichiro Yamaguchi, A Russian
Green Investment Scheme - Securing environmental benefits from international
emissions trading. Climate Strategies, 2002. 84 p.
The Research Council of Norway