| FNI PROJECTS
Developing and Implementing Advanced Molecular Methods,
and Streamlining Access to and Use of Aquaculture Genetic Resources: Carp and
Shrimp in India
This project aims to develop and implement
new marker assisted selective breeding technology that can be used to select
for improved disease resistance and provide solutions on how the genetic
resources and intellectual property (IP) that are created can be best accessed
and distributed in a way that facilitates aquaculture development in
Access to genetic resources pertaining to aquaculture is
vital for the future development of this important food production sector.
Aquaculture plays an important role in Indias economy both from the point
of view of employment, its share in GDP and providing protein to the increasing
population. Currently, relevant types of legal regimes at national and
international levels are under development and meanwhile domestic and external
activities take place in an unclear legal situation. Regulation of the
plant-breeding sector, from which most legal regulations on genetic resources
are inspired, is unsuitable for direct application to the situation with
The aim of Work Package 2 is to identify possible solutions
for regulating access to genetic resources and legal protection of the results
of research and development using such resources. Systematic knowledge on how
corporate strategies and international and national regulations affect access
to, and equitable sharing of benefits rising from this use of, genetic
resources will be acquired. This will be done by combining biological
competence on the characteristics of genetic resources (Nofima
Marine/CIFE/CIBA) with legal and political science competence on resource
management (Fridtjof Nansen Institute).
The project is coordinated by
NOFIMA, with FNI co-leading Work Package 2.
Tvedt, Morten Walløe,
Affects Innovation in Aquaculture'. Global Aquaculture Advocate,
September/October, 2012, pp. 70-71.
Myhr, Anne Ingeborg, G. Kristin
Rosendal and Ingrid Olesen. 'New
Developments in Biotechnology and IPR in Aquaculture Are they
sustainable?'. In Z.A. Muchlisin (ed) Aquaculture. Rijeka, InTech,
2012, pp. 317-342.
Pathak, Anitha Ramanna, Access to Genetic Resources and
Rings of Protection in Indian Shrimp Aquaculture. FNI
Report 5/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 30 p.
Olesen, Ingrid, G. Kristin
Rosendal, Morten Rye, Morten Walløe Tvedt and Hans B. Bentsen,
'Who Shall Own the
Genes of Farmed Fish?'. In Hagen, I.J. and T.S. Halvorsen (eds), Global
Privatization and Its Impact. Hauppauge (USA), Nova Science Publishers,
2009, pp. 103-113.
Research Council of
Department of Biotechnology, Government of