| FNI PROJECTS
Oil Companies and the New Petroleum Provinces: Ethics,
Business and Politics
The globalisation process together with
the emergence of new media and communication systems increase the focus on
corporate social responsibility in new regions. It is natural that the oil
companies are in focus in a petroleum country like Norway. Through their
internationalisation over the last years, the oil companies are increasingly
exposed to expectations as well as criticism related to developments in the
countries in which are engaged. A large share of the new, commercially
interesting petroleum resources, which are attracting the large oil companies,
are located in conflict-ridden countries with unstable and undemocratic
governments. At the same time there is increasing uncertainty and concern over
how new revenues will influence such regimes. The experiences from many new
petroleum provinces indicate that rapid increase in oil revenues can lead to a
negative social development - the so-called paradox of plenty. The
core of this research project is the oil companies response to this
challenge. Answers will be sought to two main questions:
Which norms are established or are under establishment
concerning the oil companies attitude to social development in
new petroleum states?
How can the oil
industry organise itself to prevent a negative development and contribute to a
positive development, without being accused of untimely
FNI project leader: Arild Moe
Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Arild
Moe, 'BP in Azerbaijan: A Test
Case of the Potential and Limits of the CSR Agenda?'. Third World
Quarterly, Vol 28, No 4, 2007, pp. 813-830.
Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and
Arild Moe, 'Oil Company CSR
Collaboration in 'New' Petro-states'. Journal of Corporate
Citizenship, No 20, 2005, pp. 53-64.
Skjærseth, Jon Birger,
Kristian Tangen, Philip Swanson, Atle Christer Christiansen, Arild Moe and Leiv
Lunde, Limits to Corporate Social
Responsibility: A Comparative Study of Four Major Oil Companies. FNI
report 7/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 26 p.
Skjærseth, Jon Birger,
ExxonMobil: Tiger or Turtle on Social
Responsibility? FNI Report 7/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 24
Tangen, Kristian: Shell:
Struggling to Build a Better World? FNI Report 1/2003. Lysaker, FNI,
2003, 15 p.
Christiansen, Atle Christer, Beyond Petroleum: Can BP deliver? FNI
Report 6/2002. Lysaker, FNI, 40 p.
The Research Council of Norway