| FNI PROJECTS
The Pechenga-Nikel Combine
This project, which is the doctoral thesis of FNI
Research Fellow Lars Rowe, describes the history of the Pechenga-Nikel Combine
and interprets it in light of three main policy areas: (i) Resource management,
(ii) Security policy and (iii) Environmental policy.
The nickel combine
is located in a historically contested area between Russia (later the Soviet
Union), Finland and Norway. The combine itself was established by a
Finnish/Canadian consortium, was on German hands during most of World War 2,
before the area became included in the Soviet Union after the war. The emphasis
on the three mentioned policy areas will vary in the thesis, as it did in
Pechenga-Nikel combine's history.
The first period (1934-1939) is a time
of pioneer industrial establishment in the Arctic. Here resource management
motives are most important, although security aspects became increasingly
central as the world powers headed to war. For the second period (1939-1944),
when the combine was mostly on German hands, security policy will be the main
frame for interpretation. The third period (1944-1985) is characterised by what
we could call Socialist industrialisation. In this period, aspects connected to
Soviet resource management and security policies will be examined. The last
period (1985-2004) is a period of upheaval. The Soviet Union came to an end,
resulting in a new reality for the combine. Environmental concerns became
important, perhaps more in neighbouring Norway and Finland than in Russia. The
main focus in this period will be on environmental politics.
thesis never departs from the main object of study, the Pechenga-Nikel combine,
it will aim to shed light on general aspects of East-West relations in the
Project leader: Lars Rowe
Pechenganikel: Soviet Industry,
Russian Pollution, and the Outside World. Ph.D. dissertation, Faculty
og Humanities, University of Oslo, 2013, 339 p.
nikkelverket' ('The Troublesome Nickel Plant'), Nordlys, 2 March
2009. In Norwegian.
'Det brysomme nikkelverket'
('The Troublesome Nickel Plant'). Fortid, Vol 5, No 4, 2008, pp.
23-28. In Norwegian.
Hønneland, Geir and Lars Rowe, Fra svarte skyer til
helleristninger: Norsk-russisk miljøvernsamarbeid gjennom 20 år
('From Dark Skies to Rock Carvings: 20 Years of Norwegian-Russian Environmental
Cooperation'). Trondheim, Tapir Academic Press, 2008, 186 p. In
|Related focal points of
Arctic and Russian
Norwegian Ministry of
Related FNI document:
FNI ('FNI's Research on the High North'). Presentation brochure in
Norwegian (PDF , 0.6 Mb)