| FNI PROJECTS
International Objectives for Adaptation, Access and
Benefit Sharing: Effects on the Management of Plant Genetic Resources in India
The topic for this project is conditions for
successful implementation of three international agreements relevant to the
sustainable management of plant genetic resources for food and
The Convention on Biological
Diversity (CBD) with the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing
The United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The International Treaty on
Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) with its
Multilateral System of Access and Benefit Sharing (MLS).
focuses on access and benefit sharing (ABS) under these treaties, as this is
important for their prospects of implementation and thus for the management of
PGRFA, which in turn is a central factor for the adaptation of food production
to climate change. Also the interplay with the WTO Agreement on Trade Related
Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) will be taken into
The overall objective is to contribute to the understanding of
mechanisms for, and barriers to, the domestic implementation of the CBD-NP and
the ITPGRFA in light of UNFCCC and the Trips Agreement.
project we will first analyse how the CBD and the ITPGRFA have been implemented
in terms of ABS in India and Nepal. Then we will identify the prospects for
their further implementation in these countries with a particular view to the
interaction between the NP and the MLS in the context of the larger regime
environment. Furthermore we will consider the coordination of such
implementation efforts with existing and future measures to mitigate and adapt
to climate change and evaluate the conflicts and synergies that may arise with
regard to implementing these treaties. Finally we will discuss the extent to
which the findings from the project may have relevance for other
Project leader: Leif
in Times of Change: Illusion or Reality?'. In W.S. de Boef, A. Subedi, N.
Peroni, M. Thijssen and E. O'Keeffe (eds), Community Biodiversity
Management: Promoting Resilience and the Conservation of Plant Genetic
Resources. New York/London, Routledge, 2013, pp. 306-313.
Regine and Tone Winge, 'International
Agreements and Management of Plant Genetic Resources', Trade
Insight, Vol 8, No 2, 2012, pp. 33-34.
Andersen, Regine and Tone
Winge, 'Farmers Rights Project:
Furthering agrobiodiversity as a means of poverty alleviation', New
Routes, No 3, 2012.
The Research Council of Norway
South Asia Watch on
Trade, Economics & Environment (Nepal)
Anitha Rammanna Patak (India)