| FNI PROJECTS
Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) for the Adriatic
A Particularly Sensitive Sea Area (PSSA) is an area that
needs special protection through action by the International Maritime
Organisation (IMO) because of its significance for recognised ecological or
socio-economic or scientific reasons, and because it may be vulnerable to
damage by international shipping activities. When an area is designated by the
IMO as a PSSA, specific measures can be approved by the IMO, to reduce the risk
created by the shipping activities.
There are to date ten sea areas
designated as a PSSA world-wide. The EU has expressed its commitment
towards preventing environmental catastrophes resulting from shipping accidents
along the Atlantic coast of Europe, in the Baltic Sea, and in the Mediterranean
Sea. While the first two have already been designated by the IMO as PSSAs, for
the Mediterranean Sea, given the geographical and political heterogeneity, a
joint proposal of all the coastal states is rather unlikely. Within the
Mediterranean, however, the Adriatic Sea is a clear case that can benefit from
a PSSA status, and where a joint proposal of the states concerned may enhance
risk management posed by international shipping.
Identification of a
PSSA at the IMO is based on a study submitted by member states, individually or
jointly. Required elements for such a study have been specified by the IMO in
special Guidelines. The purpose of this Project, launched in early 2005, is to
facilitate the competent Croatian authorities including primarily the
Croatian Ministry of the Sea, Tourism, Transport and Development with an
expert study needed for considering options towards a possible proposal for the
Adriatic Sea, or its parts, as a PSSA, to be further coordinated jointly with
other Adriatic region states.
In addition to bilateral
Norwegian-Croatian cooperation, the project aims at providing an expert input
to facilitate regional cooperation on marine environmental protection in the
Project leader: Davor Vidas
'Protecting the European Seas as
Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas: The Need for Regional Cooperation in the
Adriatic Sea'. In Ott, K. (ed), Croatian Accession to the European
Union, Vol 4. Zagreb, Institute of Public Finance/Friedrich Ebert Stiftung,
2006, pp. 347-380.
'O zastiti europskih mora
kao osobito osjetljivih morskih podrucja i potrebi regionalne suradnje u
Jadranskome moru' ('Particularly Sensitive Sea Areas: The Need for Regional
Cooperation in the Adriatic Sea'). In Ott, K. (ed), Pridruzivanje
Hrvatske Europskoj uniji: izazovi sudjelovanja, Vol 4. Zagreb, Institut za
javne financije/Zaklada Friedrich Ebert, 2006, pp. 333-371. In
Vidas, Davor, 'The Adriatic
Sea as a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area: From Initiative to
Implementation'. Pre-Accession Maritime Strategy of the Republic of
Croatia (CD-publication). Zagreb, Croatian Ministry of the Sea, 2005, 11
|Related focal points of
Law of the Sea and marine
Norwegian Ministry of Foreign
|Key media coverage:
se vise truje vodom nego naftom' ('Impacts of Ballast Water in the Adriatic
Sea'), Jutarnji list - Magazin, 17 November 2007. In
'Jadran postaje osobito
osjetljivo morsko podrucje' ('The Adriatic Sea towards Proclamation of a
Particularly Sensitive Sea Area'), Vjesnik, 26 October 2007. In
milijardi eura za ekolosku Hrvatsku' ('11 Billion Euro for an Ecological
Croatia'), Jutarnji list, 19 May 2007. In Croatian.
'Rastuci promet tankera najveca
prijetnja Jadranu' ('The Growing Tanker Traffic Biggest Threat to the Adriatic
Sea'), Glas Istre, 5 May 2007. In Croatian.
'Proglasenje Jadrana osobito
osjetljivim morskim podrucjem za svih sest jadranskih drzava pitanje od najvece
vaznosti' ('Proclamation of the Adriatic Sea as Particularly Sensitive Sea Area
is a Question of Utmost Importance for All Six Adriatic Coastal States'),
Novi list, 2 May 2007. In Croatian.
'Jadran treba proglasiti osobito
osjetljivim morem' ('The Adriatic Sea Should Be Proclaimed a Particularly
Sensitive Sea Area'), Vjesnik, 23 November 2006. In
hrvatski znanstvenici predlazu proglasenje cijelog Jadrana posebno osjetljivim
morskim podrucjem' ('Norwegian and Croatian scientists: The Adriatic Sea needs
a Particularly Sensitive Sea Area protection'), Vjesnik, 3 November
2006. In Croatian. Front page article is
'Ministar mora Boidar Kalmeta na
sredinjoj proslavi blagdana Svetog Nikole - Dana pomoraca' ('Minister for
the Sea, Boidar Kalmeta, at the Central Celebration of the St.
Nicholas Day - The Seafarers Day'), Glas Istre, 7
December 2005. In Croatian.
Osobito osjetljivo more' ('The Adriatic - Particularly Sensitive Sea
Area'), Nautica, 1 November 2005. In Croatian.