The Fridtjof Nansen Institute
About FNI 
News & events 


Investments in Renewable Energy: Factors Promoting and Hampering the Construction of Wind- Hydro- og Biobased Power

The new goals adopted by the EU for renewable energy (20% by 2020) is challenging for EU member states and EEA countries subject to the new 2008 renewables directive. The past has seen many renewable energy projects planned but failed to be realised, across Europe. This study responds to this observation asking for what factors are decisive for a country to enter a path where renewable energy projects are not only prepared for but also realised.

The project is particularly concerned with the role of national lincencing systems and systems adopted to create legitimacy at the local level for the construction of energy facilities. Countries given major focus are Sweden, the UK (Scotland) and Norway. While we observe a shift in pace of renewable energy development in the two former countries, the latter has recently seen a standstill in realisation of new projects. The study asks if variation in the organisation of construction permit processes (formal and informal aspects) differ systematically across the cases, or whether other factors, such as national support systems, better explain the differences in deployment of renewable energy.

Project team:
Per Ove Eikeland (project leader)
Tor Håkon Inderberg
Inga Fritzen Buan

Project period: 2009-2010


Buan, Inga Fritzen, Per Ove Eikeland and Tor Håkon Inderberg, Rammebetingelser for utbygging av fornybar energi i Norge, Sverige og Skottland: Sammenligning av faktorer som motiverer og modererer investeringer ('Framework Conditions for Development of Renewable Energy in Norway, Sweden and Scotland: Comparison of Factors that Motivate and Moderate Investments'). FNI Report 6/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 125 p. In Norwegian.
 Related focal points of research:

   European energy and environmental politics

Project funding:

   The Norwegian Electricity Industry Association (EBL)

 Recent media coverage:

'Vil lære av Sverige og Skottland' ('Renewable Energy: Norway Wants to Learn From Sweden and Scotland'),, 31.03.2010. In Norwegian.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (