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Russian Climate Policy: Domestic Dynamics and International Ramifications

The main objectives of this project are:
   To understand internal constraints and dynamics in Russian climate policy formation as well as conditions for change in Russia's emission trends and international climate position.
   To analyse Russia's influence on the effectiveness of the international climate regime and negotiation process.

These objectives are examined as follows:
   How has Russia's climate position changed since the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol?
   Which domestic discourses can be identified on climate policy? Which of these argumentations are reflected in Russia's international climate position?
   Which domestic pressure groups influence Russia's international climate position, and could thus be considered as 'veto players'? Is there evidence of such two-level game?
   Which dynamics are likely to influence Russia's greenhouse gas emission trends and how?
   Which elements of Russia's international climate position are negotiable / non-negotiable and why?

Project leader: Anna Korppoo

Project period: 2011-2015


Korppoo, Anna, Max Gutbrod and Sergei Sitnikov, 'Russian Law on Climate Change'. In Cinnamon P. Carlarne, Kevin R. Gray, and Richard Tarasofsky (eds), The Oxford Handbook of International Climate Change Law. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 700-723.

Korppoo, Anna, 'Russia’s climate policy'. In G. Bang, A. Underdal and S. Andresen (eds), The Domestic Politics of Global Climate Change. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 141-159.

Korppoo, Anna, Karl Upston-Hooper and Emilie Yliheljo, 'Climate change mitigation in Russia: foreign policy, envinronmental action or simple economics?' In Geert Van Calster, Wim Vandenberghe and Leonie Reins (eds), Research Handbook on Climate Change Mitigation Law. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 617-633.

Korppoo, Anna and Alexey Kokorin, 'Russia's 2020 GHG emissions target: Emission trends and implementation'. Climate Policy, published online 25.08.2015. DOI: 10.1080/14693062.2015.1075373.

Korppoo, Anna, 'Who is driving Russian climate policy? Applying and adjusting veto players theory to a non-democracy'. International Environmental Agreements, published online 19.05.2015. DOI: 10.1007/s10784-015-9286-5. 15 p.

Kokorin, Alexey and Anna Korppoo, Russia’s Greenhouse Gas Target 2020: Projections, Trends and Risks. Berlin, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 2014, 17 p. In English and Russian.

Korppoo, Anna and Olga Gassan-zade, 'Lessons from JI and GIS for Post-2012 Carbon Finance Mechanisms in Russia and Ukraine'. Climate Policy, Vol 14, No 2, 2014, pp. 224-241.

Korppoo, Anna, 'Was Blocking SBI in Bonn Justified?', Climate Strategies and Climate Policy Journal Blog, 24.06.2013.

Korppoo, Anna, 'Does Doha’s Decision Treat Transition Economies Unequally?' Climate Policy, Vol 13, No 3, 2013, pp. 403-407.

Korppoo, Anna, The Doha Dead End? Transition Economies and the New Kyoto Rules. . FNI Climate Policy Perspectives 9. Lysaker, FNI, April 2013, 8 p.

Korppoo, Anna, 'Doha Decision Puts Limits to Kyoto Hot Air', IGES ClimateEdge Newsletter, No 1, 2013.

Korppoo, Anna and Adnan Vatansever, A Climate Vision for Russia: From Rhetoric to Action. Carnegie Policy Outlook. Washington DC, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, August 2012, 16 p.

Korppoo, Anna and Nina Korobova, 'Modernizing Residential Heating in Russia: End-use Practices, Legal Developments and Future Prospects'. Energy Policy, Vol 42, March 2012, pp. 213-220.

Korppoo, Anna and Thomas Spencer, 'Russia's Energy Security and Emission Trends: Synergies and Contradictions'. In Luca Anchesi and Jonathan Symons (eds), Energy Security in the Era of Climate Change. Chippenham & Eastbourne (UK), Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, pp. 143-160.

Korppoo, Anna, 'Mind the Gap', Trading Carbon, September 2011.
 Related focal points of research:

   Polar and Russian politics
   Climate change

Project funding:

   Research Council of Norway, NORKLIMA Programme
   The Academy of Finland postdoctoral grant through University of Turku (Pan European Institute)

 Media coverage

'The Putin Puzzle: How to decipher the Russian president’s mystifying statements on global warming', onEarth, 04.12.2015.

'Mens Russland står på gangen' ('While Russia is Left Outside'), Friends of the Earth Norway News, 11.06.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russerne tror ikke på klimaendringer' ('The Russians Don't Believe in Climate Change'), CICERO News, 05.11.2013. In Norwegian.

'In Bonn, one advisory group's loss is another's gain', E&E News, 17.06.2013.

'Global climate deal harder to reach after Doha talks: paper ', Point Carbon, 17.04.2013.

'Pozitsya RF na klimatitzeskih peregovorah ostalas' bez izmeneniy' ('Russia's Position in Climate Negotiations Remained Unchanged'), Bellona News, 08.12.2012. In Russian.

'Klimatizeskoye bessoznatel'noye' ('Climatic Unconsciousness'), Kommersant, 07.12.2012. In Russian.

'Russland stellt Wirtschaft über Politik' ('Russia Puts Business Over Politics'), Klimaretter, 07.12.2012. In German.

'Kreml mangler klimavisjon' ('The Cremlin Has No Climate Vision'), Klima, No 4, 05.09.2012. In Norwegian.

'Group finds Russia's role in world climate policy 'peripheral'', ClimateWire, 08.08.2012.

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