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Toxics Diplomacy: Norway in International Cooperation Concerning Hazardous Substances and Trade

Norway is heavily affected by hazardous substances that originate abroad and are transported into this country through air, ocean currents and imported consumer products.

Three work packages will explore change and diversity in Norway’s ability to use international institutions to realize its hazardous-substances goals and interests, paying special attention to relationships between commitments and instruments that have both environmental and trade aspects.

The international institutions examined in separate work packages are based on, respectively, the WTO, the EU REACH process, and a range of environmental hazardous-substances treaties.

Each work package proceeds by examining
(1) Norway’s domestic organization of foreign hazardous substance policy, including divisions of competence and means for coordination asking;
(2) institutional properties of core international cooperative efforts relevant to discharges of and trade in hazardous substances, including the positions of key actors; and
(3) the growing density and linkages between international cooperative efforts with special attention to the compatibility of environmentally motivated measures with international trade commitments.

Project leader: Olav Schram Stokke

Project period: 2010-2013


Wettestad, Jørgen, Do New EU Agencies Mean Decreased National Powers? The Case of Chemicals and Norway. FNI Report 14/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 17 p.

Andresen, Steinar, G. Kristin Rosendal and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'Why Negotiate a Legally Binding Mercury Convention?'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, published online 27.11.2012. 16 p.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, Trade Rules and International Hazardous Substance Regulation: An Inventory Focusing on Chemicals and Waste. FNI Report 4/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 34 p.
 Related focal points of research:

   Global environmental governance and law

Project funding:

   Research Council of Norway (Environment 2015 Programme)

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (