The Fridtjof Nansen Institute
About FNI 
News & events 


FNI Reports

2015 >   2014 >   2013 >   2012 >   2011 >   2010 >   2009 >   2008 >   2007 >   2006 >   2005 >   2004 >   2003 >   2002 >   2001 >   2000 >   1999 >   1998 >


Cheng, Han and Per Ove Eikeland, China’s political economy of coal: Drivers and challenges to restructuring China’s energy system. FNI Report 10/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 36 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen and Lars H.Gulbrandsen, The Evolution of Carbon Trading Systems: Waves, Design and Diffusion. FNI Report 9/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 40 p.

Jørgensen, Anne-Kristin and Geir Hønneland, Felles hav, felles utfordringer: En sammenligning av rammevilkårene for fiskerivirksomheten i Norge og Russland ('Common Sea, Common Challenges: A Comparison of Framework Conditions for the Fishery Sector in Norway and Russia. FNI Report 7/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 82 p., in Norwegian (The Russian version of the report is found here.)

Berger, Simen Storm, Transitions to Renewable Energy in Industrializing Countries A comparative case study of the Indian states Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. FNI Report 6/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 87 p.

Prip, Christian and Kristin Rosendal, Access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing from their use (ABS) – state of implementation and research gaps. FNI Report 5/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 38 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Report from the workshop Stocktaking ABS in the Nordic Countries – with a particular view to business. FNI Report 3/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 27 p.

Underdal, Arild, David G.Victor and Jørgen Wettestad, Studying the Global Diffusion oif Emissions Trading: Key Building Blocks in the ETS DIFFUSION Project Research Design, FNI Report 2/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 15 p.

Fjellvang, Camilla V. Ramos, Why did Canada withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol? A case study. FNI Report 1/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 88 p.


Myhrvold, Andreas Røise, Power to Protect? Participation in Decentralized Conservation Management. The Case of Kangchenjunga Conservation Area, Nepal FNI Report 16/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 98 p.

Gjeset, Emil, Between Fragmentation and Harmony. The Political Economy of Shale Gas in China. FNI Report 15/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 53 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen, Do New EU Agencies Mean Decreased National Powers? The Case of Chemicals and Norway. FNI Report 14/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 17 p.

Prip, Christian and Linda Wallbott, REDD+ in India: managing carbon storage and biodiversity safeguarding in national forest politics? FNI Report 13/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 45 p.

Friisk, Anders Grønstad, Arctic Coastal State Jurisdiction in an Era of Climate Change. Vessel-Source Oil Pollution and International Shipping in Norwegian and Russian Arctic Waters. FNI Report 12/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 54 p.

Breit, Eric, Lars Rowe and Pål Wilter Skedsmo, Evaluering av støtteordningen BarentsKult ('Evaluation of the Funding Mechanism BarentsKult'). FNI Report 11/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 41 p. In Norwegian.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Jon Birger Skjærseth, Implementing the EU 2020 Climate and Energy Package in the Netherlands: Mixed Instruments, Mixed Results. FNI Report 10/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 46 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, Implementing the EU 2020 Energy and Climate Package in Germany: Green Champion Struggling to Adapt. FNI Report 9/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 101 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, Implementing EU Climate and Energy Policies in Poland: From Europeanization to Polonization? FNI Report 8/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 57 p.

Jevnaker, Torbjørg, Norway’s implementation of the EU climate and energy package: Europeanization or cherry-picking? FNI Report 7/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 85 p.

Hager, Caroline Persson, Skiftende bris? En casestudie av de største endringene i norsk vindkraftpolitikk i perioden 1990 til 2012 ('Shifting Winds? A Case Study of the Major Changes in Norwegian Wind Power Policy from 1990 to 2012'). FNI Report 6/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 65 p.

Olufsen, Madelen Julie, Havrettsdomstolens jurisdiksjon i saker om midlertidig forføyning ('The Jurisdiction of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to Prescribe, Modify or revoke Provisional Measures Under Article 290(5) of the UN Law of the Sea Convention'). FNI Report 5/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 42 p.

Pisupati, Balakrishna, Protected Areas and ABS: Getting Most of the Two. FNI Report 4/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 13 p.

Pisupati, Balakrishna, Options and Approaches for Realizing Target 16 of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. FNI Report 3/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 22 p.

Dhillion, Shivcharn, Technology Transfer in India: CBD, Institutions, Actors, Typologies and Perceptions. FNI Report 2/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 50 p.

Prip, Christian, G. Kristin Rosendal, Steinar Andresen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, The Australian ABS Framework: A Model Case for Bioprospecting?. FNI Report 1/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 42 p.


Erdal, Lisa Linnea, Independence on the Horizon: A Study of the Interplay Between Sovereignty and Natural Resources in Greenland. FNI Report 6/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 39 p.

Moe, Idun, Setting the Agenda. Chinese NGOs: Scope for Action on Climate Change. FNI Report 5/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 56 p.

Bade, Heidi, Aid in a Rush. A Case Study of the Norway-Guyana REDD+ Partnership. FNI Report 4/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 82 p.

Stensdal, Iselin, Asian Arctic Research 2005-2012: Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger. FNI Report 3/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 39 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, Unpacking the EU Climate and Energy Package: Causes, Content, Consequences. FNI Report 2/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 50 p.

Medaglia, Jorge Cabrera, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Frederic Perron-Welch, Ane Jørem and Freedom-Kai Phillips, The Interface between the Nagoya Protocol on ABS and the ITPGRFA at the International Level: Potential Issues for Consideration in Supporting Mutually Supportive Implementation at the National Level. FNI Report 1/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 59 p. (Version française ici).


Jevnaker, Torbjørg, An Electric Mandate: The EU procedure for harmonising cross-border network codes for electricity. FNI Report 18/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 105 p.

Andersen, Regine, Plant Genetic Diversity in Agriculture and Farmers’ Rights in Norway. FNI Report 17/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 119 p.

Bergsager, Henrik, China, Russia and Central Asia: The energy dilemma. FNI Report 16/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 20 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Access to, Equity and Protection of Genetic Resources in Ghana: The Case of Tilapia (O. niloticus). FNI Report 15/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 28 p.

Christensen, Anne Raaum and Lars H. Gulbrandsen, EU Policies on Car Emissions and Fuel Quality: Reducing the Climate Impact from Road Transport. FNI Report 14/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 66 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, EU Energy Policy Integration - Stakeholders, Institutions and Issue-linkages. FNI Report 13/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 139 p.

Jareid, Marie, To get green is glorious? Kinesiske statseide bedrifters samfunnsansvarsarbeid for bærekraftig utvikling ('To get green is glorious? An empirical analysis of how and why state-owned companies in China take measures to combat climate change and environmental issues through Corporate Social Responsibility'). FNI Report 12/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 98 p. In Norwegian.

Winge, Tone, A Guide to EU Legislation on the Marketing of Seed and Plant Propagating Material in the Context of Agricultural Biodiversity. FNI Report 11/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 85 p.

Ydersbond, Inga Margrete, Multi-level lobbying in the EU: The case of the Renewables Directive and the German energy industry. FNI Report 10/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 109 p.

Stensdal, Iselin, China’s Climate-Change Policy 1988-2011: From Zero to Hero? FNI Report 9/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 25 p.

Århus, Torstein Vik, Maritim mistru og petroleumspartnarskap: Ein diskursanalyse av russiske reaksjonar på norsk nordområdepolitikk ('Maritime Mistrust and Petroleum Partnership: A Discourse Analysis of Russian Reactions to Norwegian High North Policies'). FNI Report 8/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 84 p. In Norwegian.

Haro, Monica Natalia, Sustainability Aspects of Applying GMOs in Aquaculture. FNI Report 7/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 711 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, The Access and Benefit Sharing Agreement on Teff Genetic Resources: Facts and Lessons. FNI Report 6/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 159 p.

Pathak, Anitha Ramanna, Access to Genetic Resources and ‘Rings of Protection’ in Indian Shrimp Aquaculture. FNI Report 5/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 30 p.

Andresen, Steinar and G. Kristin Rosendal, The Global Environment Facility (GEF): Right Mechanism for Improved Implementation?. FNI Report 4/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 22 p.

Stensdal, Iselin, China’s Carbon-Intensity Target: Climate Actors and Policy Developments. FNI Report 3/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 34 p.

Faid, Miriam, Tackling Cross-Sectoral Challenges to Advance Health as Part of Foreign Policy FNI Report 2/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 39 p.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian and Haakon Vennemo, Environmental Impacts of a Free Trade Agreement between China and Norway. FNI Report 1/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 140 p.


Fauchald, Ole Kristian, International Environmental Governance: Lessons Learned from Human Rights Institutional Reform. FNI Report 14/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 76 p.

Luta, Alexandru, The Potential for Small-Scale Hydro Power in Romania: A Call for More Co-ordinated Governance. FNI Report 13/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 31 p.

Løchen, Liv Arntzen, Small Hydro in Ukraine: To Invest or not to Invest? FNI Report 12/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 28 p.

Andersen, Regine, Plantemangfold i jordbruket og bønders rettigheter i Norge ('Plant Genetic Diversity and Farmers’ Rights in Norway'). FNI Report 11/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 116 p. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, A Report from the First Reflection Meeting on the Global Multilateral Benefit-Sharing Mechanism. FNI Report 10/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 18 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Seeking Appropriate Legislation Regulating Access and Exclusive Rights to Forest Genetic Resources in the Nordic Region. FNI Report 9/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 47 p.

Valberg, Anna Helene, Brazil's Role in Environmental Governance: Analysis of Possibilities for Increased Brazil-Norway Cooperation. FNI Report 8/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 49 p.

Inderberg, Tor Håkon and Svein Vigeland Rottem, Norsk utviklingssamarbeid og et klima i endring ('Norwegian Development Cooperation and Climate Change Financing'). FNI Report 7/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 22 p. In Norwegian.

Kvello, Jon Sigurd Sjursen, Tillit i samarbeidsrelasjoner: En casestudie av tre norsk-russiske samarbeidsprosjekter ('Trust in Cooperative Relationships: A Case Study of Three Norwegian-Russian Cooperative Projects'). FNI Report 6/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 89 p. In Norwegian.

Skedsmo, Pål Wilter, Evaluering av samarbeidet mellom LO og FNPR 2001-2010 ('Evaluation of Co-operation Between LO and FNPR 2001-2010'). FNI Report 05/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 33 p. In Norwegian.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, Trade Rules and International Hazardous Substance Regulation: An Inventory Focusing on Chemicals and Waste. FNI Report 4/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 34 p.

Miard, Kadri, Lobbying During the Revision of the European Emissions Trading System: Easier for Swedish Industrial Insiders than for Norwegian Outsiders? FNI Report 3/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 93 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, The 2010 Global Consultations on Farmers' Rights: Results from an Email-based Survey. FNI Report 2/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 161 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, with contributions from Bell Batta Torheim, Global Consultations on Farmers’ Rights in 2010. FNI Report 1/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 131 p.


Austgulen, Marthe Hårvik, Klimaforhandlingene i København: USAs betydning analysert gjennom to-nivå spill ('Climate Negotiations in Copenhagen: USA's Significance Analysed'). FNI Report 17/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 105 p. In Norwegian.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, International Environmental Governance: A Legal Analysis of Selected Options. FNI Report 16/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 57 p.

Wübbeke, Jost, The Power of Advice: Experts in Chinese Climate Change Politics. FNI Report 15/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 60 p.

Ponzoni, Raul W., Hooi Ling Khaw and Hoong Yip Yee, GIFT: The Story Since Leaving ICLARM (now known as The WorldFish Center). Socioeconomic, Access and Benefit Sharing and Dissemination Aspects. FNI Report 14/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 47 p.

Røland, Tonje Hulbak, Associated Petroleum Gas in Russia: Reasons for Non-utilization. FNI Report 13/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 53 p.

Buan, Inga Fritzen, Tor Håkon Inderberg and Svein Vigeland Rottem, Globale og regionale følger av klimaendringer. Konsekvenser for Norge ('Global and Regional Ramifications of Climate Change. Consequenses for Norway'). FNI Report 12/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 76 p.

Samndong, Raymond Achu, ABS Capacity Development Initiative for Africa: The Case of Prunus Africana in Cameroon. FNI Report 11/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 28 p.

Skagestad, Odd Gunnar, The 'High North': An Elastic Concept in Norwegian Arctic Policy. FNI Report 10/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 22 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Olivier Rukundo, Functionality of an ABS Protocol. FNI Report 9/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 25 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Access to and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources in Cameroon: Legal and Institutional Developments and Challenges. FNI Report 8/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 29 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Analytical Framework for Analysing Experiences from Case Studies of ABS in Africa. FNI Report 7/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 11 p.

Buan, Inga Fritzen, Per Ove Eikeland and Tor Håkon Inderberg, Rammebetingelser for utbygging av fornybar energi i Norge, Sverige og Skottland: Sammenligning av faktorer som motiverer og modererer investeringer ('Framework Conditions for Development of Renewable Energy in Norway, Sweden and Scotland: Comparison of Factors that Motivate and Moderate Investments'). FNI Report 6/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 125 p. In Norwegian.

Flacké, Magnus, Jatropha - vidunderplante og problem ('Jatropha - Miracle Plant and Problem'). FNI Report 5/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 91 p. In Norwegian.

Schei, Peter Johan and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Genetic Resources' in the CBD: The Wording, the Past, the Present and the Future. FNI Report 4/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 24 p.

Andersen, Regine, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Ole Kristian Fauchald, Tone Winge, Kristin Rosendal and Peter Johan Schei, International Agreements and Processes Affecting an International Regime on Access and Benefit Sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity: Implications for its Scope and Possibilities of a Sectoral Approach. FNI Report 3/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 47 p.

Boasson, Elin Lerum and Jørgen Wettestad, Understanding the Differing Governance of EU Emissions Trading and Renewables: Feedback Mechanisms and Policy Entrepreneurs. FNI Report 2/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 34 p.

Aasen, Pål Jakob, The Law of Maritime Delimitation and the Russian-Norwegian Maritime Boundary Dispute. FNI Report 1/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 77 p.


Stabrun, Kristoffer, The Grey Zone Agreement of 1978: Fishery Concerns, Security Challenges and Territorial Interests. FNI Report 13/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 43 p.

Johansen, Roger, Russland - En elefant i glassmagasinet? Russiske gassrelasjoner med Ukraina ('Russia - an Elephant in the China Shop? Russian Gas Relations with Ukraine'). FNI Report 12/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 84 p. In Norwegian.

Nilsson, Måns, New Dawn for Electricity? EU Policy and the Changing Decision Space for Electricity Production in Sweden. FNI Report 11/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 32 p.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Norsk byggenergipolitikk: Mangfoldig og inkonsistent – Working paper ('Norwegian Energy Performance of Buildings Policy: Diverse and Inconsistent – Working Paper'). FNI Report 10/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 19 p. In Norwegian.

Grindheim, Astrid, The Scramble for the Arctic? A Discourse Analysis of Norway and the EU's Strategies Towards the European Arctic. FNI Report 9/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 51 p.

Schüller, David, On the Optimal Allocation of Green Technology under Climate Change Agreements. FNI Report 8/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 44 p.

Young, Tomme R. and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Balancing Building Blocks of a Functional ABS System. FNI Report 7/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 66 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Peter Johan Schei (with chapter 6 by Marbank), Den rettslige situasjonen for MARBANK og andre marine biobanker i Norge ('The Legal Status for MARBANK and Other Marine Biobanks in Norway'). FNI Report 6/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 50 p. In Norwegian.

Hald, May, Sustainable Urban Development and Chinese Eco-City: Concepts, Strategies, Policies and Assessments. FNI Report 5/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 84 p.

Kolbeinstveit, Atle, Grønne sertifikater: Et norsk perspektiv på saken om et pliktig elsertifikatmarked mellom Sverige og Norge ('Green Certificates: A Norwegian Perspective Regarding a Proposed Common Mandatory Electricity Certificate Market Between Norway and Sweden'). FNI Report 4/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 90 p. In Norwegian.

Scurrah, Maria, Regine Andersen and Tone Winge, Los Derechos del Agricultor en el Perú: Las perspectivas de los agricultores. Estudio de antecedentes 8 ('Farmers' Rights in Peru: Farmers' Perspectives. Background Study 8'). FNI Report 3/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 63 p. In Spanish.

Fuglseth, Bente Beckstrøm, Regulative Change Targeting Energy Performance of Buildings in Sweden: Key Drivers and Main Implications. FNI Report 2/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 23 p.

Klick, Matthew T., The Political Economy of Corporate Social Responsibility and Community Development: A Case Study of Norway's Snøhvit Natural Gas Complex. FNI Report 1/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 65 p.


Scurrah, Maria, Regine Andersen and Tone Winge, The Farmers' Rights Project – Background Study 8: Farmers' Rights in Peru: Farmers' Perspectives. FNI Report 16/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 57 p.

Whist, Bendik Solum, Nord Stream: Not Just a Pipeline. An Analysis of the Political Debates in the Baltic Sea Region Regarding the Planned Gas Pipeline from Russia to Germany. FNI Report 15/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 77 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, EU Internal Energy Market Policy: New Dynamics in the Brussels Policy Game? FNI Report 14/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 67 p.

Flåm, Karoline Hægstad, EU Environmental State Aid Policy: Wide Implications, Narrow Participation? FNI Report 13/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 25 p.

Vidas, Davor, The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the European Union and the Rule of Law: What is going on in the Adriatic Sea? FNI Report 12/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 66 p.

Raaen, Håvard Figenschou, Hydrocarbons and Jurisdictional Disputes in the High North: Explaining the Rationale of Norway's High North Policy. FNI Report 11/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 80 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen, EU Energy-intensive Industries and Emissions Trading: Losers Becoming Winners? FNI Report 10/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 20 p.

Nilsson, Måns, Lars J. Nilsson and Karin Ericsson, Rapid Turns in European Renewable Energy Policy: Advocacy and Framing of the Proposed Trading of Guarantees of Origin. FNI Report 9/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 33 p.

Skedsmo, Pål Wilter, Evaluering av støtteordningen 'Demokratimidlene' ('Evaluation of the 'Democracy Funds''). FNI Report 8/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 51 p. In Norwegian.

Moe, Arild and Lars Rowe, Petroleum Activity in the Russian Barents Sea: Constraints and Options for Norwegian Offshore and Shipping Companies. FNI Report 7/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 26 p.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Diversification of an Organisational Field: How Europe Promotes and Hampers Domestic Change. FNI Report 6/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 28 p.

Fuglseth, Bente Beckstrøm, Driving Forces and Barriers to Improved Energy Performance of Buildings: An Analysis of Energy Performance of Swedish Buildings, 2000-2006. FNI Report 5/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 92 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, The Farmers' Rights Project – Background Study 7: Success Stories from the Realization of Farmers' Rights Related to Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. FNI Report 4/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 72 p.

Buan, Inga Fritzen, Helping People Build a Better World? Barriers to More Environmentally Friendly Energy Production in China: The Case of Shell. FNI Report 3/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 86 p.

Rosendal, Kristin, Peter Johan Schei, Per Ove Eikeland and Lars Gulbrandsen, International Payment for Forest Conservation. Special Case: Compensation for Leaving the oil in the Ground in Yasuní National Park, Ecuador. FNI Report 2/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 42 p.

Buan, Inga Fritzen, Norwegian Actors in the Fields of Energy and Climate Change in China. FNI Report 01/2008. Lysaker, FNI, 2008, 34 p.


Rottem, Svein Vigeland and Arild Moe, Climate Change in the North and the Oil Industry. FNI Report 9/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 21 p.

Flåm, Karoline Hægstad, A Multi-level Analysis of the EU Linking Directive Process: The Controversial Connection between EU and Global Climate Policy. FNI Report 8/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 78 p.

Rowe, Lars, Geir Hønneland and Arild Moe, Evaluering av miljøvernsamarbeidet mellom Norge og Russland ('Evaluation of Norwegian-Russian Environmental Collaboration 1995-2006'). FNI Report 7/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007. 47 p, In Norwegian.

Finckenhagen, Magnus, Scope of Process Patents in Farm Animal Production. FNI Report 6/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 82 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Competing Knowledge Claims and GMO Assessment by the Norwegian Biotechnology Advisory Board. FNI Report 5/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 30 p.

Boasson, Elin Lerum and Jørgen Wettestad, Standardized CSR and Climate Performance: Why is Shell Willing, but Hydro Reluctant? FNI Report 4/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 26 p.

Inderberg, Tor Håkon, Den utenrikspolitiske håndteringen av Elektronsaken: Kompetent realpolitikk eller kompetansestrid? ('Norwegian Foreign Policy Handling of the Elektron Incident'). FNI Report 3/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 94 p. In Norwegian.

Jensen, Øystein, The IMO Guidelines for Ships Operating in Arctic Ice-Covered Waters: From Voluntary to Mandatory Tool for Navigation Safety and Environmental Protection? FNI Report 2/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 32 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Sipke Joost Hiemstra, Adam G. Drucker, Niels Louwaars and Kor Oldenbroek, Legal Aspects of Exchange, Use and Conservation of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. FNI Report 1/2007. Lysaker, FNI, 2007, 34 p.


Cockbain, Erik, EU- og EØS-midler på miljøområdet i Sentral- og Øst-Europa. Er midlene komplementære og retter de seg mot de reelle miljøutfordringene? ('EU and EEA Funding for the Environment in Central and Eastern Europe. Are the Funding Schemes Complementary and do they Target the Real Environmental Challenges?'). FNI Report 17/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 44 p. In Norwegian.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Assessing Domestic Adaptation to EU Policy: Detecting Mechanisms at Work. FNI Report 16/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 19 p.

Backer, Ellen Bruzelius, Paper Tiger Meets White Elephant? An Analysis of the Effectiveness of the Mekong River Regime. FNI Report 15/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 83 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Jørgen Wettestad, EU Enlargement and Environmental Policy: The Bright Side. FNI Report 14/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 23 p.

Bøe, Therese, Patentet som forvaltningsvedtak - Er meddelelse av patent et enkeltvedtak om tildeling av et offentlig gode? ('The Public Law Aspects of the Granting of a Patent - Is the Patent a Public Law?'). FNI Report 13/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 47 p. In Norwegian.

Matheson, Adele, Omfang og innhold av produktpatent på plantegener ('The Scope of Product Patent Protection to a Naturally Occurring Plant Gene'). FNI Report 12/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 53 p. In Norwegian.

Andersen, Regine, Realising Farmers’ Rights under the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Summary of Findings from the Farmers’ Rights Project (Phase 1). FNI Report 11/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 13 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen, Effectiveness of EU Auto-Oil: A Slippery Business? FNI Report 10/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 20 p.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Jørgen Wettestad and Maria Bohn, CSR in the European Oil Sector: A Mapping of Company Perceptions. FNI Report 9/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 22 p.

Karlseng, Therese Håkonsen, Decreasing German Climate Ambitiousness: Simply Due to Economic Problems, or Do Politics Matter?. FNI Report 8/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 82 p.

Feyissa, Regassa, The Farmers' Rights Project - Background Study 5: Farmers' Rights in Ethiopia - A Case Study. FNI Report 7/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 64 p.

Ramanna, Anitha, The Farmers' Rights Project - Background Study 4: Farmers' Rights in India - A Case Study. FNI Report 6/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 52 p.

Muller, Manuel Ruiz, The Farmers' Rights Project - Background Study 3: Farmers' Rights in Peru – A Case Study. FNI Report 5/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 109 p.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and David Humphreys, International Initiatives to Address Tropical Timber Logging and Trade. FNI report 4/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 67 p.

Jensen, Øystein, Coastal State Jurisdiction and Vessel Source Pollution: The International Law of the Sea Framework for Norwegian Legislation. FNI Report 3/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 47 p.

Jensen, Leif Christian, "Boring for miljøet": Russland og miljø i den norske petroleumsdiskursen ('"Drilling for the Environment": Russia and the Environment in the Norwegian Petroleum Discourse'). FNI report 2/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006. 62 p. In Norwegian

Kongshaug, Ellen, Diskurser i norsk atompolitikk: Kolahalvøya i et diskursanalytisk perspektiv ('A Discourse Analytical Perspective on the Kola Peninsula Radioactive Pollution: Catastrophe or Not?'). FNI Report 1/2006. Lysaker, FNI, 2006, 62 p. In Norwegian.


Eikeland, Per Ove, Biofuels - The New Oil for the Petroleum Industry? FNI Report 15/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 39 p.

Skedsmo, Pål, 'Doing Good' in Murmansk? Civil Society, Ideology and Everyday Practices in a Russian Environmental NGO. FNI Report 14/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 82 p.

Boasson, Elin Lerum, Klimaskapte beslutningsendringer? En analyse av klimahensyn i petroleumspolitiske beslutningsprosesser ('A New Climate for Decision-making? An Assessment of Climate Concerns in Decision Processes Concerning Petroleum Policy'). FNI Report 13/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 93 p. In Norwegian.

Bjørkum, Ida, China in the International Politics of Climate Change: A Foreign Policy Analysis. FNI Report 12/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 82 p.

Sæverud, Ingvild Andreassen and Arild Moe, Carbon Storage and Climate Change – The Case of Norway. FNI Report 11/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005.

Wettestad, Jørgen and Sæverud, Ingvild Andreassen, Implementing EU Emissions Trading: Institutional Misfit? FNI Report 10/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 24 p.

Andersen, Regine, The Farmers' Rights Project - Background Study 2: Results from an International Stakeholder Survey on Farmers' Rights. FNI Report 9/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 117 p.

Andersen, Regine, The Farmers' Rights Project - Background Study 1: The History of Farmers' Rights: A Guide to Central Documents and Literature. FNI Report 8/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 50 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen, Hans B. Bentsen, Morten Walløe Tvedt and Martin Bryde, Strategies and Regulations Pertaining to Access to and Legal Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources. FNI Report 7/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 27 p.

Bang, Guri, Gørild Heggelund and Jonas Vevatne, Shifting Strategies in the Global Climate Negotiations. FNI Report 6/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 30 p.

Kaasa, Stine Madland, The Commission on Sustainable Development: A Study of Institutional Design, Distribution of Capabilities and Entrepreneurial Leadership. FNI Report 5/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 67 p.

Stepanov, Igor V., Peter Ørebech and R. Douglas Brubaker, Legal Implications for the Russian Northern Sea Route and Westward in the Barents Sea. FNI Report 4/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 120 p.

Brubaker, R. Douglas, Measures Relevant for Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection – The Barents Sea and the Okhotsk Sea. FNI Report 2/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 59 p.

Brubaker, R. Douglas, Oil Transportation and Environmental Protection in the Barents Sea – Russian Legal Perspectives. FNI Report 1/2005. Lysaker, FNI, 2005, 39 p.


Hasselknippe, Henrik, Global Climate Change: Special Responsibilities for Oil Producing Nations? FNI Report 21/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 33 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, Henrik Hasselknippe, and Ingvild Andreassen Sæverud, Energy Sector Integration in Europe – The Role of Leading Upstream Oil and Gas Companies (Summary version). FNI Report 20/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 35 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, Voluntary Climate Policy Agreements and Technological Change in Dutch Petroleum Production. FNI Report 18/2004, Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 24 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen, Offshore Air Pollution and Technological Fixes: How a Greater Need for Norwegian Rather than UK Action Finally Won Through. FNI Report 16/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 30 p.

Bjørnstad, Svanhild-Isabelle Batta, Breakthrough for "the South"? An Analysis of the Recognition of Farmers' Rights in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture,. FNI Report 13/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 119 p.

Næss, Tom and Jørgen Wettestad, EU Packaging Waste Policy: A Show Run by Industry? FNI Report 11/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 23 p.

Ohna, Vanja, The LFA web-tool. FNI Report 10/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 17 p.

Rowe, Lars, Report from the Steering Committee for Evaluation of the Task Force on Communicable Disease Control in the Baltic Sea Region. FNI Report 9/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 27 p.

Eikeland, Per Ove, The Long and Winding Road to the Internal Energy Market – Consistencies and Inconsistencies in EU Policy. FNI Report 8/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 44 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, Kristian Tangen, Philip Swanson, Atle Christer Christiansen, Arild Moe and Leiv Lunde, Limits to Corporate Social Responsibility: A Comparative Study of Four Major Oil Companies. FNI Report 7/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 26 p.

Haufler, Virginia, Corporate Intervention in Domestic Politics: Normative Change in the International Community. FNI Report 6/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 29 p.

Tangen, Kristian, Atle C. Christiansen, Anders Skogen and Ian Roche, Imperfect Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. FNI Report 5/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 44 p.

Bryde, Martin, Plant and Animal Variety: The Variety Exceptions of the European Patent Organisation and the European Community Assessed in Relation to Patentable Subject Matter. FNI Report 4/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 76 p.

Stokke, Olav Schram, Lars H. Gulbrandsen, Alf Håkon Hoel and Jonette Braathen, Ecolabelling and Sustainable Management of Forestry and Fisheries: Does it Work? FNI Report 3/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 26 p.

Lin Wei, Gørild Heggelund, Kristian Tangen and Li Jun Feng, Efficient Implementation of the Clean Development Mechanism in China. FNI Report 1/2004. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 24 p.


Hasselknippe, Henrik and Atle Christer Christiansen, Energy Taxation in Europe: Current Status – Drivers and Barriers – Future Prospects. FNI Report 14/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 48 p.

Jørgensen, Jørgen Holten, Svalbard og Fiskevernsonen: Russiske persepsjoner etter den kalde krigen ('Svalbard and the Fishery Protection Zone: Russian Perceptions After the Cold War'). FNI Report 13/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 79 p. In Norwegian.

Heggelund, Gørild M., The Significance of the UN Global Conferences on China’s Domestic Environmental Policy-making. FNI Report 11/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 23 p.

Rosendal, Kristin and Steinar Andresen, UNEP's Role in Enhancing Problem-Solving Capacity in Multilateral Environmental Agreements: Co-ordination and Assistance in the Biodiversity Conservation Cluster. FNI Report 10/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2004, 29 p.

Tangen, Kristian and Gørild Heggelund, Will the Clean Development Mechanism be Effectively Implemented in China? FNI Report 8/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 20 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, ExxonMobil: Tiger or Turtle on Social Responsibility? FNI Report 7/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 24 p.

Christiansen, Atle C., Convergence or Divergence? Status and Prospects for US Climate Strategy. FNI Report 6/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 24 p.

Stokke, Olav Schram, Trade Measures, WTO, and Climate Compliance: The Interplay of International Regimes. FNI Report 5/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 19 p.

Andresen, Steinar and Lars H. Gulbrandsen, The Role of Green NGOs in Promoting Climate Compliance. FNI Report 4/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 22 p.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, Major Oil Companies in Climate Policy: Strategies and Compliance. FNI Report 3/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 23 p.

Wettestad, Jørgen, Enhancing Climate Compliance: What are the Lessons to Learn from Environmental Regimes and the EU? FNI Report 2/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 25 p.

Tangen, Kristian, Shell: Struggling to Build a Better World? FNI Report 1/2003. Lysaker, FNI, 2003, 15 p.


Andresen, Steinar, Leadership Change in the World Health Organization: Potential for Increased Effectiveness? FNI Report 8/2002. Lysaker, FNI, 2002.

Hønneland, Geir and Arild Moe, Evaluation of the Barents Health Programme: Programme Selection and Implementation. FNI Report 7/2002.

Christiansen, Atle Christer, Beyond Petroleum: Can BP Deliver? FNI Report 6/2002. Lysaker, FNI, 2002, 40 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Hans Kolshus and Asbjørn Torvanger, The Feasibility of Ambitious Climate Agreements - Norway as an Early Test Case. FNI Report 5/2002. Lysaker, FNI, 2002, 25 p.

Buen, Jørund, Beyond Nuts and Bolts: How Organisational Factors Influence the Implementation of Environmental Technology Projects in China; The Case of China's Agenda 21 Project 6-8, "Prevention and Control of Oil Pollution at Sea", Yantai, Shandong Province. FNI Report 4/2002. Lysaker, FNI, 2002, 177 p.

Jørgensen, Anne-Kristin and Geir Hønneland, Over grensen etter kunnskap? Evaluering av 13 prosjekter innenfor satsingsområdet kompetanse og utdanning finansiert over Barentsprogrammet ('Across the Border for Knowledge? Evaluation of 13 Projects from the Field of Education and Competence'). FNI Report 1/2002. Lysaker, FNI, 2002, 66 p. In Norwegian.


Christiansen, Atle Chr. and Torleif Haugland, Gas Flaring and Global Public Goods. FNI Report 20/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 34 p.

Andresen, Steinar and Jørgen Wettestad, Case studies of the Effectiveness of International Environmental Regimes: Balancing Textbook Ideals and Feasibility Concerns. FNI Report 19/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 21 p.

Stokke, Olav Schram, The Interplay of International Regimes: Putting Effectiveness Theory to Work. FNI Report 14/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 27 p.

Sawhill, Steven and Jørgensen, Anne-Kristin, Military Nuclear Waste and International Cooperation in Northwest Russia. FNI Report 12/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 123 p.

Brubaker, R. Douglas, Foreign Military Research Conducted in a Coastal State's Maritime Zones - Preliminary Analysis. FNI Report 8/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 47 p.

Andersen, Regine, Conceptualising the Convention on Biological Diversity: Why is it Difficult to Determine the 'Country of Origin' of Agricultural Plant Varieties? FNI Report 7/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001.

Moe, Arild, Kristian Tangen, O. B. Pluzhnikov, V. Kh. Berdin and L. M. Maksimyuk, The Approval System for Joint Implementation Projects in Russia - Criteria and Organisation. FNI Report 6/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 45 p. (Russian version available here.)

Stokke, Olav Schram adn Arild Moe (eds), Report from the Canadian-Norwegian Arctic Cooperation Seminar 2-3 April 2001. FNI Report 5/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 41 p.

Christiansen, Atle C., Technological Change and the Role of Public Policy: An Analytical Framework for Dynamic Efficiency Assessments. FNI Report 4/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 76 p.

Knudsen, Jørgen K., Energi og miljø - fra separasjon til sektorintegrasjon? ('Energy and Environment - From Separation to Sector Integration?'). FNI Report 2/2001. Lysaker, FNI, 2001, 98 p. In Norwegian.


Ragner, Claes Lykke, Northern Sea Route Cargo Flows and Infrastructure – Present State and Future Potential. FNI Report 13/2000. Lysaker, FNI, 2000, 124 p.

Tangen, Kristian, Gørild Heggelund and Hu Tao, Climate Policies in China: Institutional Setting and the Potential for the CDM. FNI Report 12/2000. Lysaker, FNI, 2000, 27 p.

Atle Christer Christiansen, On The Effectiveness of Environmental Taxes: The Impacts of CO2 Taxes on Environmental Innovation in the Norwegian Petroleum Sector. FNI Report 10/2000. Lysaker, FNI, 2000, 81 p.

Assenza, Gaudenz, Mobilizing Private Capital for the Global Environment: A Theoretical Analysis of the Process of Attracting Private Investment to Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Projects. FNI Report 4/2000. Lysaker, FNI, 2000, 266 p.
 FNI research publications, ordered by:


   Global environmental governance and law
   Climate change
   Law of the Sea and marine affairs
   Biodiversity and genetic resources
   Arctic and Russian politics
   European energy and environment
   Chinese energy and environment


   Peer-reviewed articles
   Peer-reviewed book chapters
   FNI Reports
   FNI Climate Policy Perspectives
   Other non-peer-reviewed research publications
   Commentary articles and other popularized publications


   Most recent (last 1-2 years)
   Annual publication lists


See staff list for individual researchers' homepages

 Free e-subscriptions to FNI publications:

Click here to register.

Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (