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FNI FOCAL POINTS OF RESEARCH

Biodiversity and Biosafety

Biological diversityFNI research focuses on international efforts to ensure conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and fair distribution of benefits from genetic resources. Interaction with trade agreements and intellectual property rights is central.

International environmental agreements on biological diversity seek to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and a fair distribution of benefits derived from genetic resources. FNI research is aimed at international processes with ramifications for these objectives, including interaction with international agreements on trade and agriculture. Central to this work is the interaction between regimes for access & benefit-sharing (ABS) from use of genetic resources and legislation on intellectual property rights to biological material.

Research is carried out with regard to the management of wild as well as domesticated genetic resources in agriculture and aquaculture. A central topic here is farmers’ rights pertaining to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.

Other central topics include the science-policy debate in the management and protection of forest biodiversity, in evolving regulations on GMO and invasive alien species, and in the Norwegian approach to marine resources and bioprospecting (the use of genetic resources as raw materials for research and development).

International forest politics, forest management and certification (ecolabelling) is another key topic of FNI's research within biological diversity. In these studies FNI emphasises the role of the corporate sector, such as the forest and biotechnology industries.


Selected ongoing projects:
 Managing Protected Areas in a Time of Internationalization.
 International Objectives for Adaptation, Access and Benefit Sharing: Effects on the Management of Plant Genetic Resources in India and Nepal.
 Norwegian Biodiversity Policy in the Interface between European Legislation and Multilateral Environmental Treaties: the Seed Issue.
 Payments for Ecosystem Services in Latin America : Evaluation of PES Cost-Effectiveness in Landscape and Policy Mosaic.
 Biotechnology in Agriculture and Aquaculture – Effects of Intellectual Property Rights in the Food Production Chain
 PatentEthics: Ethical Dimensions of Patent Law in Non-human Biotechnology
 Marine Bioprospecting and Law.
 The Access and Benefit Sharing Research Project.
 Enzyme Development for Norwegian Biomass (NorZymeD): Mining Norwegian Biodiversity for Seizing Norwegian Opportunities in the Bio-Based Economy
 Drivers of Change in Circumpolar Tundra Ecosystems (TUNDRA).
 Developing and Implementing Advanced Molecular Methods, and Streamlining Access to and Use of Aquaculture Genetic Resources: Carp and Shrimp in India.
 The Farmers’ Rights Project: Implementing Farmers' Rights under the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
 Stimulating Sustainable Innovation in Aquaculture.
 International Law for an Anthropocene Epoch? Shifting Perspectives in the Law of the Sea, Environmental Law and Genetic Resources Law.
 Intellectual Property Rights to Genetic Resources: Prospects for a Sui Generis Path for Developing Countries.

Important past projects:
 Farmers' Rights Related to Agrobiodiversity as a Means of Poverty Alleviation: Strategies of Civil Society Organisations (2007-2012).
 Norwegian Agriculture and Fisheries Policies Between International Regimes on Trade and the Environment (2007-2011).
 Evaluation of Need for Legislation on Access and Rights to Forest Genetic Resources in the Nordic Region (2009-2010).
 Non-State Global Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effectiveness of Forest and Fisheries Certification Schemes (2005-2009).
 New Principles and Instruments of Environmental Governance and the Influence of Scientific Input (including case study on biosafety and GMO assessment) (2005-2008).
 Governing Agrobiodiversity – Inter-Regime Conflicts on Plant Genetics and Developing Countries (2000-2008).
 Beyond Access – Implementation of CBD in Developed Countries (2004-2007).
 Strategies and Regulations Pertaining to Access to and Legal Protection of Aquatic Genetic Resources (2004-2007).
 Towards Sustainable and Equitable Bioprospecting in Norway (2004-2007).


Researchers:
Steinar Andresen (Research Professor)
Ole Kristian Fauchald (Research Professor)
Lars H. Gulbrandsen (Research Professor) contact person
Leif Christian Jensen, (Senior Research Fellow)
Balakrishna Pisupati (Senior Research Fellow)
Christian Prip (Senior Policy Analyst)
Kristin Rosendal (Research Professor) contact person
Peter Johan Schei (Associate Researcher)
Morten Walløe Tvedt (Senior Research Fellow)
Tone Winge (Research Fellow)



Selected FNI publications, Biodiversity and biosafety:

> Books
> Articles and reports
> Commentary articles


Books

Oberthür, Sebastian and G. Kristin Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, 268 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, 232 p.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., Transnational Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effects of the Certification of Forests and Fisheries. Paperback edition. Cheltenham, UK/Northampton (MA), USA, Edward Elgar, 2012, 213 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Norsk genressursrett ('Norwegian Gene Resource Law'). Oslo, Cappelen Akademiske Forlag, 2010, 380 p. In Norwegian.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., Transnational Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effects of the Certification of Forests and Fisheries. Hardback edition. Cheltenham, UK/Northampton (MA), USA, Edward Elgar, 2010, 213 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Tomme Young, Au-delà de l'accès: l'application du partage juste et équitable des avantages en vertu de la CBD ('Beyond Access: Exploring Implementation of the Fair and Equitable Sharing Commitment in the CBD). Gland (Switzerland), IUCN, 2009, xxii + 151 p. In French.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., Non-State Global Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effectiveness of Forest and Fisheries Certification Schemes. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo. Oslo, Unipub, 2009, 234 p.

Mäki-Tanila, Asko, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Hans Ekström and Erling Fimland, Management and Exchange of Animal Genetic Resources – Nordic perspective. Copenhagen, Nordic Council of Ministers, 2008, 81 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), Internasjonal miljøpolitikk ('International Environmental Politics'). Bergen, Fagbokforlaget, 2008, 210 p. In Norwegian.

Andersen, Regine, Governing Agrobiodiversity: Plant Genetics and Developing Countries. Aldershot, Ashgate, 2008, 420 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Tomme Young, Beyond Access: Exploring Implementation of the Fair and Equitable Sharing Commitment in the CBD. Gland (Switzerland), IUCN, 2007, xx + 148 p.



Articles and reports

Prip, Christian, G. Kristin Rosendal, Steinar Andresen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, The Australian ABS Framework: A Model Case for Bioprospecting?. FNI Report 1/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 42 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Global Biodiversity Governance: Genetic Resources, Species, and Ecosystems'. In R.S. Axelrod and S.D. VanDeveer (eds), The Global Environment. Institutions, Law, and Policy. Los Angeles, Sage, 2014, pp. 283-304.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, 'Jus eller politikk? Reform av norsk verneområdeforvaltning' ('Law or Policy? Reform of Norwegian Protected Area Management'). In L. Gipperth and C. Zetterberg (eds), Miljörättliga perspektiv och tankevändor. Vänbok till Jan Darpö & Gabriel Michanek. Uppsala, Iustus förlag, 2013, pp. 237-252.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patent Protection for Inventions Related to Farmed Fish in Norway and the EPO'. In Keith Culver and Kieran O'Doherty (eds), Fishing and Farming Iconic Species - Cod and Salmon and Social Issues in Genomic Science. Ottawa, Captus Press, 2013, pp. 160-182.

Prip, Christian, Terminal Evaluation of the UNEP project Supporting the Implementation of the Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy (PEBLDS). UNEP, 2013, 72 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Disentangling Rights to Genetic Resources Illustrated by Aquaculture and Forest Sector'. Law Environment and Development Journal, Vol 9, No 3, 2013, pp. 3-20.

Oberthür, Sebastian and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Background and Analytical Framework'. In Oberthür, S. and G.K. Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 1-17.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Peter Johan Schei, 'The Term 'Genetic Resources': Flexible and Dynamic while Providing Legal Certainty?'. In Oberthür, S. and G.K. Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 18-32.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Beyond Nagoya: Towards a Legally Functional System of Access and Benefit-sharing'. In Oberthür, S. and G.K. Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 158-177.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Balancing ABS and IPR Governance in the Aquaculture Sector'. In Oberthür, S. and G.K. Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 196-212.

Oberthür, Sebastian and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'Conclusions: An Assessment of Global Governance of Genetic Resources after the Nagoya Protocol'. In Oberthür, S. and G.K. Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 231-250.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Ane E. Jørem, 'Bioprospecting in the High Seas: Regulatory Options for Benefit Sharing'. The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol 16, No 3-4, 2013, pp. 150-167.

Andersen, Regine, 'Crop Genetic Diversity and Farmers’ Rights'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 3-11.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'What Constitutes a Success Story in the Context of Farmers’ Rights?'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 12-20.

Andersen, Regine, 'Norway’s Path to Ensuring Farmers’ Rights in the European Context'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 23-39.

Winge, Tone and Helen Groome, 'Conservation of Local Varieties in the Basque Country in Spite of Legal Restrictions'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 40-53.

Winge, Tone, Regine Andersen and Anitha Ramanna Pathak, 'Combining Farmers’ Rights and Plant Variety Protection in Indian Law'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 54-61.

Scurrah, Maria, Stef de Haan and Tone Winge, 'Cataloguing Potato Varieties and Traditional Knowledge from the Andean Highlands of Huancavelica, Peru'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 64-79.

Andersen, Regine, Teresita H. Borromeo and Nestor C. Altoveros, 'A Community Registry in the Philippines'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 80-93.

Ceccarelli, Salvatore, Stefania Grando and Tone Winge, 'Participatory Barley Breeding in Syria'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 97-116.

Winge, Tone, Regine Andersen and Pratap Shrestha, 'Benefiting from Diversity in Nepal'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 117-133.

Chakanda, Robert, Andrew Mushita and Tone Winge, 'Community Seed Fairs in Zimbabwe'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 134-145.

Abay, Fetien, Åsmund Bjørnstad and Tone Winge, 'Farmer Innovation in Tigray, Ethiopia'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 146-155.

Goïta, Mamadou, Modibo Goïta, Mohamed Coulibaly and Tone Winge, 'Capacity Building and Farmer Empowerment in Mali'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 156-166.

Nishikawa, Yoshiaki and Tone Winge, 'The Hiroshima Agricultural Gene Bank: Re-introducing Local Varieties, Maintaining Traditional Knowledge'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 167-178.

Winge, Tone, Kamalesh Adhikari and Regine Andersen, 'Advocacy for Farmers’ Rights in Nepal'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 181-194.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'Future Prospects for the Realisation of Farmers’ Rights'. In Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge (eds), Realising Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources: Success Stories and Best Practices. Abingdon (UK), Routledge, 2013, pp. 197-204.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe 'Common Pools in Aquaculture: Exploring Patent Law, ABS and Sui Generis Options'. In Kamau, Evanson Chege and Gerd Winter (eds), Common Pools of Genetic Resources - Equity and Innovation in International Biodiversity Law. London, Routledge, 2013, pp. 168-190.

Andersen, Regine, 'Farmers’ Rights in Times of Change: Illusion or Reality?'. In W.S. de Boef, A. Subedi, N. Peroni, M. Thijssen and E. O'Keeffe (eds), Community Biodiversity Management: Promoting Resilience and the Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources. New York/London, Routledge, 2013, pp. 306-313.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Evolving Legal Regimes, Market Structures and Biology Affecting Access to and Protection of Aquaculture Genetic Resources'. Aquaculture, Published online 06.04.2013.

Medaglia, Jorge Cabrera, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Frederic Perron-Welch, Ane Jørem and Freedom-Kai Phillips, The Interface between the Nagoya Protocol on ABS and the ITPGRFA at the International Level: Potential Issues for Consideration in Supporting Mutually Supportive Implementation at the National Level. FNI Report 1/2013. Lysaker, FNI, 2013, 59 p. (Version française ici).

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patent Law Affects Innovation in Aquaculture', Global Aquaculture Advocate, September/October 2012, pp. 64-65.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, The Access and Benefit Sharing Agreement on Teff Genetic Resources: Facts and Lessons. FNI Report 6/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 159 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Ingrid Olesen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Access to, Equity and Protection of Genetic Resources in Ghana: The Case of Tilapia (O. niloticus). FNI Report 15/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 28 p.

Andersen, Regine, Plant Genetic Diversity in Agriculture and Farmers’ Rights in Norway. FNI Report 17/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 119 p.

Myhr, Anne Ingeborg, G. Kristin Rosendal and Ingrid Olesen. 'New Developments in Biotechnology and IPR in Aquaculture – Are they sustainable?'. In Z.A. Muchlisin (ed) Aquaculture. Rijeka, InTech, 2012, pp. 317-342.

Winge, Tone, A Guide to EU Legislation on the Marketing of Seed and Plant Propagating Material in the Context of Agricultural Biodiversity. FNI Report 11/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 85 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Adjusting Norwegian Agricultural Policy to the WTO through Multifunctionality: Utilizing the Environmental Potential?'. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, Vol 14, No 2, 2012, pp. 209-227.

Haro, Monica Natalia, Sustainability Aspects of Applying GMOs in Aquaculture. FNI Report 7/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 711 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Kan tilgang til og godefordeling ved bruk av genetiske ressurser bidra til biologisk mangfold?' ('How can Access and Benefit Sharing contribute to conservation of biological diversity?'). In I.L. Backer, O.K. Fauchald and C. Voigt (eds), Pro Natura - Festskrift til Hans Christian Bugge. Oslo, Universitetsforlaget, 2012, pp. 518-530. In Norwegian.

Pathak, Anitha Ramanna, Access to Genetic Resources and ‘Rings of Protection’ in Indian Shrimp Aquaculture. FNI Report 5/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 30 p.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian and Lars H. Gulbrandsen, 'The Norwegian Reform of Protected Area Management: A Grand Experiment with Delegation of Authority?' Local Environment, Vol 17, No 2, 2012, pp. 203-222.

Rosendal, Kristin and Peter Johan Schei, 'Convention on Biological Diversity: From National Conservation to Global Responsibility'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 119-133.

Andersen, Regine, 'The Plant Treaty - Crop Genetic Diversity and Food Security'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 134-150.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'International Forest Politics: Intergovernmental Failure, Non-Governmental Success?' In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 151-169.

Andersen, Regine, Plantemangfold i jordbruket og bønders rettigheter i Norge ('Plant Genetic Diversity and Farmers’ Rights in Norway'). FNI Report 11/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 116 p. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Ole Kristian Fauchald, 'Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on ABS: A Hypothetical Case Study on Enforcing Benefit Sharing in Norway'. The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol 14, No 5, 2011, pp. 383-402.

Vidas, Davor and Maja Markovcic Kostelac, 'Ballast Water and Alien Species: Regulating Global Transfers and Regional Consequences'. In Davor Vidas and Peter Johan Schei (eds), The World Ocean in Globalisation. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill, 2011, pp. 371-392.

Valberg, Anna Helene, Brazil's Role in Environmental Governance: Analysis of Possibilities for Increased Brazil-Norway Cooperation. FNI Report 8/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 49 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, A Report from the First Reflection Meeting on the Global Multilateral Benefit-Sharing Mechanism. FNI Report 10/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 18 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Seeking Appropriate Legislation Regulating Access and Exclusive Rights to Forest Genetic Resources in the Nordic Region. FNI Report 9/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 47 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin and Steinar Andresen, 'Institutional Design for Improved Forest Governance through REDD: Lessons from the Global Environment Facility'. Ecological Economics, Vol 70, No 11, 2011, pp. 1908-1915.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Biodiversity Protection in International Negotiations: Cooperation and Conflict'. In Shlomi Dinar (ed), Beyond Resource Wars: Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation. Cambridge (USA), The MIT Press, 2011, pp. 59-86.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, The 2010 Global Consultations on Farmers' Rights: Results from an Email-based Survey. FNI Report 2/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 161 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, with contributions from Bell Batta Torheim, Global Consultations on Farmers’ Rights in 2010. FNI Report 1/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 131 p.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'Linking Community Seed Banks and Farmers’ Rights'. In Banking for the Future: Savings, Security and Seeds. Oslo, Development Fund, 2011, pp. 5-7.

Ponzoni, Raul W., Hooi Ling Khaw and Hoong Yip Yee, GIFT: The Story Since Leaving ICLARM (now known as The WorldFish Center). Socioeconomic, Access and Benefit Sharing and Dissemination Aspects. FNI Report 14/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 47 p.

Olesen, Ingrid, Anne Ingeborg Myhr and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'Sustainable Aquaculture: Are We Getting There? Ethical Perspectives on Salmon Farming'. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Vol 24, No 4, 2011, pp. 381-408.

Samndong, Raymond Achu, ABS Capacity Development Initiative for Africa: The Case of Prunus Africana in Cameroon. FNI Report 11/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 28 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Access to and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources in Cameroon: Legal and Institutional Developments and Challenges. FNI Report 8/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 29 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, Analytical Framework for Analysing Experiences from Case Studies of ABS in Africa. FNI Report 7/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 11 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Olivier Rukundo, Functionality of an ABS Protocol. FNI Report 9/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 25 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patent law and bioprospecting in Antarctica'. Polar Record, Vol 47, No 1, 2010, pp. 46-55.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'One Worldwide Patent System: What’s in It for Developing Countries?' Third World Quarterly, Vol 31, No 2, 2010, pp. 277-293.

Flacké, Magnus, Jatropha - vidunderplante og problem ('Jatropha - Miracle Plant and Problem'). FNI Report 5/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 91 p. In Norwegian.

Schei, Peter Johan and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Genetic Resources' in the CBD: The Wording, the Past, the Present and the Future. FNI Report 4/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 24 p.

Andersen, Regine, Morten Walløe Tvedt, Ole Kristian Fauchald, Tone Winge, Kristin Rosendal and Peter Johan Schei, International Agreements and Processes Affecting an International Regime on Access and Benefit Sharing under the Convention on Biological Diversity: Implications for its Scope and Possibilities of a Sectoral Approach. FNI Report 3/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 47 p.

Young, Tomme R. and Morten Walløe Tvedt, Balancing Building Blocks of a Functional ABS System. FNI Report 7/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 66 p.

Andersen, Regine, Norwegian Plant Variety Protection and Seed Laws: Lessons for South Asian Countries, Trade Insight, Vol 5, No 1, 2009, pp. 12-14.

Andersen, Regine, Information Paper on Farmers' Rights Submitted by the Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway, based on the Farmers' Rights Project. Information Papers for the Third Session of the Governing Body of the ITPGRFA. IT/GB-3/09/Inf. 6, Add. 3. Rome/Tunis, The Secretariat of the ITPGRFA, 2009, 31 p.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Peter Johan Schei (with chapter 6 by Marbank), Den rettslige situasjonen for MARBANK og andre marine biobanker i Norge ('The Legal Status for MARBANK and Other Marine Biobanks in Norway'). FNI Report 6/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 50 p.

Myhr, Anne Ingeborg and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'GMO Assessment in Norway: Societal Utility and Sustainable Development'.EMBO Reports, Vol 10, No 9, 2009, pp. 2-3.

Myhr, Anne Ingeborg and G. Kristin Rosendal. GMO Assessment in Norway as Compared to EU Procedures: Societal Utility and Sustainable Development. DN Evaluations 2-2009. Trondheim, Norwegian Directorate for Nature Management, 52 p.

Olesen, Ingrid, G. Kristin Rosendal, Morten Rye, Morten Walløe Tvedt and Hans B. Bentsen, 'Who Shall Own the Genes of Farmed Fish?'. In Hagen, I.J. and T.S. Halvorsen (eds), Global Privatization and Its Impact. Hauppauge (USA), Nova Science Publishers, 2009, pp. 103-113.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, The Plant Treaty and Farmers' Rights: Implementation Issues for South Asia. SAWTEE Discussion Paper. Kathmandu (Nepal), South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics & Environment (SAWTEE), 2009, 48 p.

Scurrah, Maria, Regine Andersen and Tone Winge, Los Derechos del Agricultor en el Perú: Las perspectivas de los agricultores. Estudio de antecedentes 8 ('Farmers' Rights in Peru: Farmers' Perspectives. Background Study 8'). FNI Report 3/2009. Lysaker, FNI, 2009, 63 p. In Spanish.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, Magnus Finckenhagen and Nina Sæther, 'Patenter og husdyravl – hva er mulighetene for avlsarbeidet og patentsøkerne' ('Patents and Animal Breeding – What Possibilities Are There for Breeding and the Patent Seekers?'). In Fog, Megumi O. (ed): Husdyrforsøksmøtet 2009. Ås (Norway), Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences (Norwegian University of Life Sciences), 2009, pp. 219-221. In Norwegian.



Commentary articles

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'Farmers’ Rights and Sustainable Development', Earthscan from Routledge Blog, 24.06.2013.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'Access and Benefit Sharing Agreement on Teff', Trade Insight, No 1, 2013, pp. 29-31.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'Farmers’ Rights Project: Furthering agrobiodiversity as a means of poverty alleviation'. New Routes, No 3, 2012.

Andersen, Regine and Tone Winge, 'International Agreements and Management of Plant Genetic Resources', Trade Insight, Vol 8, No 2, 2012, pp. 33-34.

Andersen, Regine, 'En røverhistorie om genressurser: Slik mistet Etiopia rettighetene til sitt tradisjonelle korn' ('Genetic Resources: The Story of How Ethiopia Lost the Rights to its Traditional Teff'), Gen-i-alt, 20.06.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Eiendomsrett i DNA-samfunnet' ('Property Rights in the DNA Society'), Morgenbladet, 19.04.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patent hemmer innovasjon' ('Patent Hampers Innovation'), Trønder-Avisa, 10.04.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Hvem skal eie forskningen?' ('Who Should Own Research?'), Klassekampen, 20.03.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Patentet som hemmet innovasjon' ('The Patent that Hampered Innovation'), Dagbladet, 18.02.2012. In Norwegian.



See summaries page for more/older research publications
Top
 FNI's focal points of research:

 Global governance and sustainable development
 Law of the Sea and marine affairs
 Biodiversity and biosafety
 Polar and Russian politics
 European energy and environmental politics
 Chinese energy and environmental politics


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Recent relevant FNI News:

New Book Shows How Farmers' Rights to Crop Genetic Resources Can Be Realized (25.09.2013)

Norway's Protected Areas: Failing to Conserve Threatened Environments (26.04.2013)

How Ethiopia Lost Control of Its Teff Genetic Resources (12.11.2012)

Latest FNI Research on Biodiversity Presented at CBD COP 11 in Hyderabad (11.10.2012)

Bioprospektering: Hvordan bør jusen og politikken utformes? Seminar (15.08.2012)


Recent media coverage:

'Regulating biodiversity in India and Nepal', Research Council of Norway News, 10.01.2014.

'Ny bok om bønders rettigheter' ('New Book on Farmers' Rights'), Oikos News, 02.09.2013. In Norwegian.

'Access and Benefit Sharing in Relation to Crop Genetic Resources', SAWTEE News, 05.08.2013.

'Kan man eie gener?' ('Can Genes Be Owned?'), GENialt, 07.05.2013. In Norwegian.

'Zuiver zaad of een boevenstreek?' ('Pure Seeds or the Prank of Crooks?'), Foodlog, 24.04.2013. In Dutch.

'Teff Identity Theft', Sodere, 26.12.2012.

'How the TPLF ruling junta gave away Ethiopia’s genetic rights to teff', Ethiopian Review, 28.11.2012.

'Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)', Linkages, 12.10.2012.

'Multiple ‘access and benefit sharing’ treaties create more confusion than clarity', SciDev.net, 09.10.2012.

'Transnational Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effects of the Certification of Forests and Fisheries' (book review), Review of Policy Research, Vol 29, No 3, pp 442-444, 2012.

'Plan for å øke bønders rettigheter til genressurser' ('Plan to Increase Farmers' Rights to Genetic Resources'), Skog og Landskap, 08.05.2012. In Norwegian.

'Bønders rettigheter til genressurser' ('Farmers' Rights to Genetic Resources'), News release, Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food, 08.05.2012. In Norwegian.

'Ønsker å øke bønders rettigheter til genressurser' ('Norway Wants to Increase Farmers' Rights to Genetic Resources'), Norsk Landbruk, 08.05.2012. In Norwegian.

'Patentkrig til topps' ('Patent War all the Way to the Supreme Court'), Forskningsetikk, 27.03.2012. In Norwegian.

'Bonderettighetene som forsvant' ('The Farmers' Rights that Disappeared'), Bondebladet, 02.02.2012. In Norwegian.

'Norsk-indisk samarbeid om naturmangfold' ('Norwegian-Indian Cooperation on Biodiversity'), Norwegian Ministry of the Environment Press Release, 01.02.2012. In Norwegian.



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