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FNI FOCAL POINTS OF RESEARCH

Global Environmental Governance and Law

Global environmentalFNI conducts empirical, theoretical and legal studies on global governance, with focus on environmental issues.

Many of FNI's empirical studies deal with the UN and its many sub-agencies, and its key role in global environmental governance as both an arena and an actor. How does the UN system contribute to the effectiveness of global governance, and can it be enhanced? Various global environmental agreements are studied, as are the role and position of key state actors.

Theoretical studies employ regime theory to analyze how conventions and regimes are created, how they develop and what factors they are influenced by. Another important issue is analyzing how they work - what kinds of institutional design make regimes effective?

Legal studies focus on the treaties and decisions that constitute the legal basis of the institutions and their formal powers. Such studies also consider the content of rights and duties of states under the respective treaties. Are the institutions, procedures and substantive rules designed so that conflicts are avoided and synergies enhanced?


Selected ongoing projects:
 Designing Knowledge-Based Management Systems for Environmental Governance in Norway.
 Designing Effective Emissions Trading: The Contribution of International Diffusion (ETS-DIFFUSION).
 International Law for an Anthropocene Epoch? Shifting Perspectives in the Law of the Sea, Environmental Law and Genetic Resources Law.


Selected past projects:
 Toxics Diplomacy: Norway in International Cooperation Concerning Hazardous Substances and Trade (2010-2013).
 Explaining Different Immunization Coverage, a Multi-Disciplinary Approach (GLOBVAC) (2008-2012).
 International Health as Foreign Policy (2010-2011).
 Norwegian Agriculture and Fisheries Policies Between International Regimes on Trade and the Environment (2007-2011).
 The Role of the UN in Global Environmental Governance: Potential for Increased Effectiveness? (2002-2009).
 Non-State Global Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effectiveness of Forest and Fisheries Certification Schemes (2005-2009).
 New Principles and Instruments of Environmental Governance and the Influence of Scientific Input (2005-2008).
 Implementing the Climate Regime: Conditions for Effectiveness (2002-2003).


Researchers:
Steinar Andresen (Research Professor) – contact person
Ole Kristian Fauchald (Research Professor)
Lars H. Gulbrandsen (Research Professor) – contact person
Christian Prip (Senior Policy Analyst)
Kristin Rosendal (Research Professor)
Peter Johan Schei (Associate Researcher)
Jon Birger Skjærseth (Research Professor)
Olav Schram Stokke (Research Professor)
Irja Vormedal (Senior Research Fellow)
Jørgen Wettestad (Research Professor)



Selected FNI publications, Global governance and sustainable development:

> Books
> Articles and reports
> Commentary articles


Books

Kanie, Norichika, Steinar Andresen and Peter M. Haas (eds), Improving Global Environmental Governance: Best Practices for Architecture and Agency. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, 265 p.

Oberthür, Sebastian and G. Kristin Rosendal (eds), Global Governance of Genetic Resources: Access and Benefit Sharing after the Nagoya Protocol. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, 268 p.

Thune, Henrik and Leiv Lunde, Hva Norge kan være i verden ('What Norway Can Be in the World'). Oslo, Cappelen Damm, 2013, 192 p. In Norwegian.

Stokke, Olav Schram, Disaggregating International Regimes: A New Approach to Evaluation and Comparison. Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2012, 348 p.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., Transnational Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effects of the Certification of Forests and Fisheries. Hardback edition (2010) / Paperback edition (2012). Cheltenham, UK/Northampton (MA), USA, Edward Elgar, 213 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, 216 p.

Oberthür, Sebastian and Olav Schram Stokke (eds), Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2011, 353 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), Internasjonal miljøpolitikk ('International Environmental Politics'). Bergen, Fagbokforlaget, 2008, 210 p. In Norwegian.

Andresen, Steinar (guest ed), 'The Role of UN in Global Environmental Governance: Potential for Increased Effectivenss?'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Special Issue, Vol 7, No 4, 2007, pp. 317-468.



Articles and reports

Andresen, Steinar 'The Role of Scientific Expertise in Multilateral Environmental Agreements: Influence and Effectiveness'. In M. Ambrus, K. Arts, E. Hey and H. Raulus (eds), The Role of 'Experts' in International and European Decision-Making Processes: Advisors, Decision-Makers or Irrelevant Actors?, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014, pp. 105-126.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'International Environmental Governance and Arctic Security'. In R. Tamnes and K. Offerdal (eds), Geopolitics in the Arctic. Regional Dynamics in a Global World. London, Routledge, 2014, pp. 121-146.

Dhillion, Shivcharn, Technology Transfer in India: CBD, Institutions, Actors, Typologies and Perceptions. FNI Report 2/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 50 p.

Auld, Graeme and Lars H. Gulbrandsen , 'Learning through Disclosure: The Evolving Importance of Transparency in the Practice of Nonstate Certification'. In Aarti Gupta and Michael Mason (eds), Transparency in Global Environmental Governance: Critical Perspectives. Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2014, pp. 271-296.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, Lars H. Gulbrandsen and Anna Zachrisson, 'Internationalization of Protected Areas in Norway and Sweden: Examining Pathways of Influence in Similar Countries'. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management, available online 11.07.2014.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Exclusive Approaches to Climate Governance: More Effective than the UNFCCC?'. In Cherry, T.L., J. Hovi and D.M. McEvoy (eds), Toward a New Climate Agreement: Conflict, Resolution and Governance. London, Routledge, 2014, pp. 167-181.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, 'Hardening the legal softness of the World Bank through an Inspection Panel?' Scandinavian Studies in Law, Vol 58, 2013, pp. 101-127.

Haas, Peter M., Steinar Andresen and Norichika Kanie, 'Introduction: Actor Configuration and Global Environmental Governance'. In Kanie, N., S. Andresen and P.M. Haas (eds), Improving Global Environmental Governance: Best Practices for Architecture and Agency. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 1-31.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Actor Configurations and Compliance Tasks in International Environmental Governance'. In Kanie, N., S. Andresen and P.M. Haas (eds), Improving Global Environmental Governance: Best Practices for Architecture and Agency. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 83-107.

Kanie, Norichika, Peter M. Haas and Steinar Andresen, 'Conclusion: Lessons from Pluralistic Governance'. In Kanie, N., S. Andresen and P.M. Haas (eds), Improving Global Environmental Governance: Best Practices for Architecture and Agency. London/New York, Routledge, 2014, pp. 196-220.

Kanie, Norichika, Peter M. Haas, Steinar Andresen, Graeme Auld, Benjamin Cashore, Pamela S. Chasek, Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira, Stefan Renckens, Olav Schram Stokke, Casey Stevens, Stacy D. VanDeveer and Masahiko Iguchi, 'Green Pluralism: Lessons for Improved Environmental Governance in the 21st Century'. Environment, Vol 55, No 5, 2013, pp. 14-30.

McNeill, Desmond, Steinar Andresen and Kristin Sandberg, 'The Global Politics of Health: Actors and Initatives'. In Roaldkvam, S., D McNeill and S Blume (eds), Protecting the World's Children: Immunisation Policies and Practices. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 59-97

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Dynamic Governance Interactions: Evolutionary Effects of State Responses to Non-State Certification Programs'. Regulation & Governance, published online 20.12.2012.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Offentlig finansiert forskning og økonomisk suksess' ('Publicly Funded Research and Economic Sucess'), In Forskning og penger ('Research and Money'), Forskningsetiske komiteer, 2012, pp. 105-122.

Andresen, Steinar, G. Kristin Rosendal and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'Why Negotiate a Legally Binding Mercury Convention?'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, published online 27.11.2012. 16 p.

Bauer, Steffen, Steinar Andresen and Frank Biermann, 'International Bureaucracies'. In F. Biermann and P. Pattberg (eds), Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered, Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2012, pp. 27-45

Gupta, Arti, Steinar Andresen, Bernd Siebenhuner and Frank Biermann, 'Science Networks'. In F. Biermann and P. Pattberg (eds), Global Environmental Governance Reconsidered, Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2012, pp. 69-95

Wettestad, Jørgen, 'The Improving Effectiveness of CLRTAP: Due to a Clever Design?' In Rolf Lidskog and Göran Sundquist (eds), Governing the Air - The Dynamics of Science, Policy and Citizen Interaction, Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2011, pp. 39-61.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Impacts of Nonstate Governance: Lessons from the Certification of Marine Fisheries'. In P. Dauvergne (ed), Handbook of Global Environmental Politics, 2nd edition. Cheltenham (UK)/Northampton (USA), Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 330-340.

Andresen, Steinar, 'Do We Need More Global Sustainability Conferences?' In P. Dauvergne (ed), Handbook of Global Environmental Politics, 2nd edition. Cheltenham (UK)/Northampton (USA), Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 87-97.

Biermann, F., K. Abbott, S. Andresen et al., 'Transforming governance and institutions for global sustainability: key insights from the Earth System Governance Project'. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol 4, No 1, pp. 51-60.

Rosendal, G. Kristin, 'Adjusting Norwegian Agricultural Policy to the WTO through Multifunctionality: Utilizing the Environmental Potential?'. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, Available online 10.05.2012, 19 p.

Biermann, F., K. Abbott, S. Andresen et al., 'Navigating the Anthropocene: Improving Earth System Governance'. Science, Vol 335, 16.03.2012, pp. 1306-1307.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, 'Effective Access to Environmental Information in Norway?' In I.L. Backer, O.K. Fauchald and C. Voigt (eds), Pro Natura - Festskrift til Hans Christian Bugge. Oslo, Universitetsforlaget, 2012, pp. 170-188.

Faid, Miriam, Tackling Cross-Sectoral Challenges to Advance Health as Part of Foreign Policy FNI Report 2/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 39 p.

Andresen, Steinar and G. Kristin Rosendal, The Global Environment Facility (GEF): Right Mechanism for Improved Implementation?. FNI Report 4/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 22 p.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian and Haakon Vennemo, Environmental Impacts of a Free Trade Agreement between China and Norway. FNI Report 1/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 140 p.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, International Environmental Governance: Lessons Learned from Human Rights Institutional Reform. FNI Report 14/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 76 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland, 'An International Environmental Policy Takes Shape'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 3-19.

Andresen, Steinar, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland, 'Ideals and Practice in International Environmental Politics'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 173-191.

Stokke, Olav Schram and Sebastian Oberthür, 'Introduction: Institutional Interaction in Global Environmental Change'. In Sebastian Oberthür and Olav Schram Stokke (eds), Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2011, pp. 1-23.

Oberthür, Sebastian and Olav Schram Stokke, 'Conclusions: Decentralized Interplay Management in an Evolving Interinstitutional Order'. In Sebastian Oberthür and Olav Schram Stokke (eds), Managing Institutional Complexity: Regime Interplay and Global Environmental Change. Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2011, pp. 313-341.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Internasjonale regimer' ('International Regimes'). In J. Hovi and R. Malnes (eds), Anarki, makt og normer. ('Anarchy, Power and Norms'). Oslo, Abstrakt Forlag, 2011, pp. 271-299. In Norwegian.

Vidas, Davor and Peter Johan Schei, 'The World Ocean in Globalisation: Challenges and Responses for the Antropocene Epoch'. In Davor Vidas and Peter Johan Schei (eds), The World Ocean in Globalisation. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill, 2011, pp. 3-15.

Valberg, Anna Helene, Brazil's Role in Environmental Governance: Analysis of Possibilities for Increased Brazil-Norway Cooperation. FNI Report 8/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 49 p.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, Trade Rules and International Hazardous Substance Regulation: An Inventory Focusing on Chemicals and Waste. FNI Report 4/2011. Lysaker, FNI, 2011, 34 p.

Rosendal, G. Kristin and Steinar Andresen, 'Institutional Design for Improved Forest Governance through REDD: Lessons from the Global Environment Facility'. Ecological Economics, Vol 70, No 11, 2011, pp. 1908-1915.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., Steinar Andresen and Jon Birger Skjærseth, 'Non-State Actors and Environmental Governance: Comparing Multinational, Supranational and Transnational Rule Making'. In Reinalda, Bob (ed), The Ashgate Research Companion to Non-State Actors. Aldershot, Ashgate, 2011, pp. 463-475.

Eakin, Hallie, Siri Eriksen, Per Ove Eikeland and Cecilie Øyen, 'Public Sector Reform and Governance for Adaptation: Implications of New Public Management for Adaptive Capacity in Mexico and Norway', Environmental Management, Vol 47, No 3, 2011, pp. 338-351.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, International Environmental Governance: A Legal Analysis of Selected Options. FNI Report 16/2010. Lysaker, FNI, 2010, 57 p.

Sandberg, Kristin I., Steinar Andresen and Gunnar Bjune, 'A New Approach to Global Health Institutions? A Case Study of New Vaccine Introduction and the Formation of the GAVI Alliance'. Social Science and Medicine, Vol 71, No 7, 2010, pp 1349-1356.

Sandberg, Kristin I. and Steinar Andresen, 'From Development Aid to Foreign Policy: Global Immunization Efforts as a Turning Point for Norwegian Engagement in Global Health'. Forum for Development Studies, Vol 37, No 3, 2010, pp. 301-325.

Auld, Graeme and Lars H. Gulbrandsen, 'Transparency in Nonstate Certification: Consequences for Accountability and Legitimacy'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 10, No 3, 2010, pp. 97-119.

Røgeberg, Ole, Steinar Andresen and Bjart Holtsmark, 'International Climate Treaties: The Case for Pessimism'. Climate Law, Vol 1, No 1, 2010, pp. 177-197.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'One Worldwide Patent System: What’s in It for Developing Countries?' Third World Quarterly, Vol 31, No 2, 2010, pp. 277-293.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, 'Exploring the Consequences of Soft Law and Hard Law: Implementing International Nutrient Commitments in Norwegian Agriculture'. International Environmental Agreements, Vol 10, No 1, 2010, pp. 1-14.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger and Jørgen Wettestad, 'A Framework for Assessing the Sustainability Impact of CSR'. In Barth, Regine and Franziska Wolff (eds), Corporate Social Responsibility in Europe: Rhetoric and Realities. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2009, pp. 26-38.

Andresen, Steinar and G. Kristin Rosendal, 'The Role of the United Nations Environment Programme in the Coordination of Multilateral Environmental Agreements'. In Biermann, Frank, Bernd Siebenhüner and Anna Schreyögg (eds), International Organizations and Global Environmental Governance. London, Routledge, 2009, pp. 133-150.



Commentary articles

Lunde, Leiv, 'Nobel, Norge og verden' ('Nobel, Norway and the World'), Dagens Næringsliv, 05.12.2013. In Norwegian.

Lunde, Leiv, 'Utviklingsminister? Nei takk!' ('Minister of International Development Assistance? No Thanks!'), Bistandsaktuelt, 27.06.2013. In Norwegian.

Thune, Henrik and Leiv Lunde, 'Legg ned norsk bistand' ('Abolish Norwegian ODA'), Ytring, 10.06.2013. In Norwegian.

Zalasiewicz, Jan, Alejandro Cearreta, Paul Crutzen, Erle Ellis, Michael Ellis, Jacques Grinevald, John McNeill, Clément Poirier, Simon Price, Dan Richter, Mary Scholes, Will Steffen, Davor Vidas, Colin Waters, Mark Williams and Alexander P. Wolfe, 'Response to Autin and Holbrook on “Is the Anthropocene an issue of stratigraphy or pop culture?”', GSA Today, October 2012, pp. e21-e22.

Andresen, Steinar and Arild Underdal, 'Vi trenger ikke Rio+20 konferansen' ('We Don't Need the Rio+20 Conference'), Aftenposten, 20.06.2012. In Norwegian.

Andresen, Steinar and Arild Underdal, 'We do not need more global sustainability conferences', Earth System Governance, 19.06.2012.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Eiendomsrett i DNA-samfunnet' ('Property Rights in the DNA Society'), Morgenbladet, 19.04.2012. In Norwegian.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe, 'Hvem skal eie forskningen?' ('Who Should Own Research?'), Klassekampen, 20.03.2012. In Norwegian.



See summaries page for more/older research publications
Top
FNI's focal points of research:

 Global environmental governance and law
 Climate change
 Law of the Sea and marine affairs
 Biodiversity and genetic resources
 Arctic and Russian politics
 European energy and environment
 Chinese energy and environment


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Recent relevant FNI News:

Global Governance of Genetic Resources (08.08.2014)

New Article Identifies Public-Private Interaction Mechanisms in Non-state Certification Programs (17.03.2014)

FNI Debates Statoil's Engagement in Africa (14.05.2013)

New Book: Disaggregating International Regimes (10.10.2012)


Recent media coverage:

'Slutt for utviklingsministeren' ('No More Minister of Development Cooperation'), Bistandsaktuelt, 16.20.2013. In Norwegian.

'Heikki Holmås blir den siste' ('Heikki Holmås Will Be Norway's Last Minister of Development Cooperation'), NRK, 16.10.2013. In Norwegian.

'The Transnationalization of Global Environmental Governance: Norms and Rules beyond the State' (book review), Transnational Environmental Law, Vol 2, No 2, 10.09.2013, pp. 387-398.

'Statoil: Vi kan ikke ta over et politisk ansvar' ('Statoil: We Cannot Take Over Political Responsabilities'), Petro.no, 21.05.2013. In Norwegian.

'Norsk næringsliv i Afrika (CSR)' ('Norwegian Business in Africa (CSR)'), global.no, 16.05.2013. In Norwegian.

'KN: Statoil må gjøre mer for folket' ('Norwegian Church Aid: Statoil Must Do More for the People'), Bistandsaktuelt, 13.05.2013. In Norwegian.

'Rio+20: Take science seriously and change the process', The Conversation, 21.06.2012.

'Transnational Environmental Governance: The Emergence and Effects of the Certification of Forests and Fisheries' (book review), Review of Policy Research, Vol 29, No 3, pp 442-444, 2012.

'Vil miljøreformere FN' ('UN Environmental Reform Urged'), forskning.no, 18.03.2012. In Norwegian.

'Navigating the Anthropocene: Improving Earth System Governance', Earth System Governance News, 16.03.2012.

'Forskere mener FN må forandres for å redde miljøet' ('Researchers Urge the UN to Change to Save Environment'), Nettavisen, 16.03.2012. In Norwegian.

'Fundamental Steps Needed Now in Global Redesign of Earth System Governance', Newswise, 16.03.2012.



Fridtjof Nansen Institute
P.O. Box 326, 1326 Lysaker, Norway. Tel: (+47) 67111900 / E-mail: post (+@fni.no)