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K.G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea
FNI FOCAL POINTS OF RESEARCH

Law of the Sea and Marine Affairs

Marine affairs and LawFNI has been engaged in the study of marine affairs since its establishment in 1958. Since 1996, the Institute has initiated a range of international research projects on various aspects of the Law of the Sea and ocean governance. FNI's research focus in this field is a broad one, spanning from traditional topics such as shipping and fisheries to emerging issues, such as sea-level rise.

Within the Law of the Sea, on-going FNI projects study the driving factors behind its development, including state practice, the role and decision-making of international institutions and the role and significance of international courts and tribunals; the interaction of the law of the sea with other branches of public international law; newly emerged issues such as marine bioprospecting; and the challenges for the current architecture of the law of the sea on the horison, such as the prospects of sea-level rise and broader questions related to the Anthropocene epoch possibly requiring new paradigms for the law of the sea.

The institute also has research activities focusing on fisheries management of and marine/maritime security.

FNI has special regional expertise on the Barents Sea, the Norwegian and North Sea areas, the Southern (Antarctic) Ocean, and the Mediterranean including, in particular, the Adriatic Sea issues.


Selected ongoing projects:
 Fundamental Challenges for the Law of the Sea.
 Climate Change and Sea Level Rise in the Anthropocene: Challenges for International Law in the 21st Century.
 Post-Agreement Bargaining in the Barents Sea Fisheries: Strategies for Coping with Overfishing.

Selected past projects:
 International Law for an Anthropocene Epoch? Shifting Perspectives in the Law of the Sea, Environmental Law and Genetic Resources Law (2011-2015).
 Marine Bioprospecting and Law (2011-2015).
 Common Sea, Common Challenges (2015).
 The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (2009-2013).
 Stimulating Sustainable Innovation in Aquaculture (2009-2013).
 Marine Environment Protection and Resource Management: The Changing Legal and Policy Framework for the Adriatic Sea 2006-2011).
 International Governance and Fisheries Management – Determining and Explaining the Effectiveness of International Regimes (2002-2009).
 The World Ocean in Globalization: Challenges for Marine Regions (conference) (2008).
 The history of the Joint Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Commission (2005-2007).
 Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) Fishing: Implementing Mechanisms for Jurisdiction, Control and Enforcement (2002-2006).


Researchers:
Steinar Andresen (Research Professor)
Ole Kristian Fauchald (Research Professor)
Geir Hønneland (Research Professor)
Øystein Jensen (Senior Research Fellow)
Anne-Kristin Jørgensen (Research Fellow)
Olav Schram Stokke (Research Professor)
Davor Vidas (Research Professor) – contact person



Selected FNI publications, Law of the Sea and marine affairs:

> Books
> Articles and reports
> Commentary articles


Books

Jensen, Leif Christian and Geir Hønneland (eds), Handbook of the Politics of the Arctic. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, 620 p.

Jensen, Øystein, The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf: Law and Legitimacy. Leiden/Boston, Brill/Nijhoff, 2014, 316 p.

Hønneland, Geir, Arctic Politics, the Law of the Sea and Russian Identity. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 132 p.

Jensen, Øystein, Noreg og havets folkerett ('Norway and the Law of the Sea'). Trondheim, Akademika, 2014, 169 p. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir, Making Fishery Agreements Work: Post-Agreement Bargaining in the Barents Sea. Cheltenham/Northampton, MA, Edward Elgar, 2012 (hardback), 2013 (paperback),160 p.

Jensen, Øystein, The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf - Law and Legitimacy. Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, 2013, 331 p.

Hønneland, Geir, Coercive and Discursive Compliance Mechanisms in the Management of Natural Resources. Springer, 2012, 204 p.

Stokke, Olav Schram, Disaggregating International Regimes: A New Approach to Evaluation and Comparison. Cambridge (USA), MIT Press, 2012, 348 p.

Andresen, Steinar, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, 216 p.

Hønneland, Geir, Arktiske utfordringer ('Arctic Challenges'). Kristiansand, Høyskoleforlaget, 2012, 139 p. In Norwegian.

Vidas, Davor and Peter Johan Schei (eds), The World Ocean in Globalisation. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill, 2011, 580 p.

Vidas, Davor (ed), Law, Technology and Science for Oceans in Globalisation – IUU Fishing, Oil Pollution, Bioprospecting, Outer Continental Shelf. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2010, 642 p.

Stokke, Olav Schram, A Disaggregate Approach to International Regime Effectiveness: The Case of Barents Sea Fisheries. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo. Oslo, Unipub, 2010, 276 p.

Vidas, Davor, Hrvatsko-slovensko razgranicenje ('Croatian-Slovenian Delimitation'). Zagreb, Skolska knjiga, 2009, 75 p. In Croatian.



Articles and reports

Hansen, Harald Sakarias Brøvig, 'Three major challenges in managing non-native sedentary Barents Sea snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio)'. Marine Policy, Vol 71, 2016, pp. 38-43.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Graeme Auld,'Contested Accountability Logics in Evolving Nonstate Certification for Fisheries Sustainability'. Global Environmental Politics, Vol 16, No 2, 2016, pp. 42-60.

Vidas, Davor, Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams, 'What is the Anthropocene - and Why Is It Relevant for International Law?' Yearbook of International Environmental Law, Vol 25, No 1, 2015, pp. 3-23.

Jensen, Øystein, 'Russia’s Revised Arctic Seabed Submission'. Ocean Development and International Law, Vol 47, No 1, 2016, pp. 72-88.

Rottem, Svein Vigeland, 'The Arctic Council in Arctic Governance: the significance of the Oil Spill Agreement'. In Linda Jakobson and Neil Melvin (eds), The New Arctic Governance. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016, pp. 147-174.

McAdam. Jane, Bruce Burson, Walter Kälin and Sanjula Weerasinghe, International Law and Sea-Level Rise: Forced Migration and Human Rights. FNI Report 1/2016. Lysaker, FNI, 2016, 47 p.

Waters, CN, J Zalasiewicz, C Summerhayes, A Barnosky, C Poirier, A Galuszka, A Cearreta, M Edgeworth, E Ellis, M Ellis, C Jeandel, R Leinfelder, J McNeill, D Richter, W Steffen, J Syvitski, D Vidas, M Wagreich, M Williams, A Zhisheng, J Grinevald, E Odada, N. Oreskes and A.P. Wolfe, 'The Anthropocene is functionally and stratigraphically distinct from the Holocene', Science, Vol 351, No 6269, 2016, pp. 138-147.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Fisheries and whaling'. In P.H. Pattberg and F. Zelli (eds), Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Governance and Politics. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 364-372.

Jensen, Øystein, 'Maritime Boundary Delimitation Beyond 200 Nautical Miles: The International Judiciary and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf'. Nordic Journal of International Law, Vol 84, No 4, 2015, pp. 580-604.

Jensen, Øystein, 'The Seaward Limits of the Continental Shelf Beyond 200 Nautical Miles in the Arctic Ocean: Legal Framework and State Practice'. In L.C. Jensen and G. Hønneland (eds), Handbook of the Politics of the Arctic. Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2015, pp. 227-246.

Vidas, Davor, 'Oceans in the Anthropocene - and Rules of the Holocene'. In N. Möllers, C. Schwägerl and H. Trischler (eds), Welcome to the Anthropocene. Munich, Deutsches Museum Verlag, 2015, pp. 56-59.

Jørgensen, Anne-Kristin and Geir Hønneland, Felles hav, felles utfordringer: En sammenligning av rammevilkårene for fiskerivirksomheten i Norge og Russland ('Common Sea, Common Challenges: A Comparison of Framework Conditions for the Fishery Sector in Norway and Russia. FNI Report 7/2015. Lysaker, FNI, 2015, 82 p., in Norwegian (The Russian version of the report is found here.)

Vidas, Davor, 'The Earth in the Anthropocene - and the World in the Holocene?', ESIL Reflections, Vol 4, No 6, August 2015, pp. 1-7.

Moe, Arild, 'International Use of the Northern Sea Route - Trends and Prospects'. In Leiv Lunde, Yang Jian and Iselin Stensdal (eds), Asian Countries and the Arctic Future. Singapore, World Scientific Publishing, 2016, pp. 107-120.

Wegge, Njord, 'Governance and Ownership of the Arctic Ocean: Living Resources and the Continental Shelf'. In Leiv Lunde, Yang Jian and Iselin Stensdal (eds), Asian Countries and the Arctic Future. Singapore, World Scientific Publishing, 2016, pp. 143-154.

Vidas, Davor, Ole Kristian Fauchald, Øystein Jensen and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'International law for the Anthropocene? Shifting perspectives in regulation of the oceans, environment and genetic resources'. Anthropocene, Vol 9, 2015, pp. 1-13.

Hønneland, Geir and Arild Moe, 'Fisk og petroleum i Barentshavet' ('Fish and petroleum in the Barents Sea'). In Sven Holtsmark (ed), Naboer i frykt og forventning: Norge og Russland 1917-2014 ('Neighbors in Fear and Expectation: Norway and Russia 1917-2014'). Oslo, Pax forlag, 2015, pp. 576-589. In Norwegian.

Jensen, Øystein, 'Delelinjen i Barentshavet, Svalbard' ('The Delimitation Agrrement in the Barents Sea, Svalbard'). In Sven Holtsmark (ed), Naboer i frykt og forventning: Norge og Russland 1917-2014 ('Neighbors in Fear and Expectation: Norway and Russia 1917-2014'). Oslo, Pax forlag, 2015, pp. 565-575. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen, 'Kompromisskulturen i Barentshavet' ('The Compromise Culture in the Barents Sea'). In Tormod Heier & Anders Kjølberg (eds), Norge og Russland: sikkerhetspolitiske utfordringer i nordområdene. Oslo, Universitetsforlaget, 2015, pp. 57-68. In Norwegian.

Vidas, Davor, David Freestone and Jane McAdam, 'International Law and Sea Level Rise: The New ILA Committee'. ILSA Journal of International and Comparative Law, Vol 21, No 2, 2015, pp. 397-408.

Jensen, Øystein, 'Havrett - en innføring' ('Law of the Sea - An Introduction'), Dictum, Vol 1, No 1, 2015, pp. 20-21. In Norwegian.

Rottem, Svein Vigeland, 'A Note on the Arctic Council Agreements'. Ocean Development and International Law, Vol 46, No 1, 2015, pp. 50-59.

Vidas, Davor, 'Meere im Anthropozän - und die Regeln das Holozäns' ('Oceans in the Anthropocene - and the Rules of the Holocene'). In N. Möllers, C. Schwägerl and H. Trischler (eds), Willkommen im Anthropozän. Munich, Deutsches Museum Verlag, 2015, pp. 56-60. In German.

Zalasiewicz, J., C.N. Waters, M. Williams, A.D. Barnosky, A. Cearreta, P. Crutzen, E. Ellis, M.A. Ellis, I.J. Fairchild, J. Grinevald, P.K. Haff, I. Hajdas, R. Leinfelder, J. McNeill, E.O. Odada, C. Poirier, D. Richter, W. Steffen, C. Summerhayes, J.P. Syvitski, D. Vidas, M. Wagreich, S.L. Wing, A.P. Wolfe, A. Zhisheng, N. Oreskes, 'When did the Anthropocene begin? A mid-twentieth century boundary level is stratigraphically optimal', Quaternary International, Vol 383, 05.10.2015, pp. 196-203.

Friisk, Anders Grønstad, Arctic Coastal State Jurisdiction in an Era of Climate Change. Vessel-Source Oil Pollution and International Shipping in Norwegian and Russian Arctic Waters. FNI Report 12/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 54 p.

Peng Jingchao and Njord Wegge, 'China and the Law of the Sea: Implications for Arctic Governance'. The Polar Journal, Vol 4, No 2, 2014, pp. 287-305.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H. and Geir Hønneland, 'Fisheries Certification in Russia: The Emergence of Non-State Authority in a Postcommunist Economy'. Ocean Development & International Law, Vol 45, No 4, 2014, pp. 341-359.

Wegge, Njord, 'The Emerging Politics of the Arctic Ocean: Future Management of the Living Marine Resources'. Marine Policy, Vol 51, 2015, pp. 331-338.

Olufsen, Madelen Julie, Havrettsdomstolens jurisdiksjon i saker om midlertidig forføyning ('The Jurisdiction of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to Prescribe, Modify or revoke Provisional Measures Under Article 290(5) of the UN Law of the Sea Convention'). FNI Report 5/2014. Lysaker, FNI, 2014, 42 p.

Vidas, Davor, 'Sea Level Rise and International Law: At the Convergence of Two Epochs'. Climate Law, Vol 4, Nos 1-2, 2014, pp. 70-84.

Jørem, Ane and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Bioprospecting in the High Seas: Existing Rights and Obligations in View of a New Legal Regime for Marine Areas beyond National Jurisdiction'. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, Vol 29, No 2, 2014, pp. 321-343.

Andresen, Steinar, 'International Whaling Commission'. In J.F. Morin and A. Orsini (eds), Essential concepts of Global Environmental Governance. London, Routledge, 2014, pp. 104-106.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Norway and Russia: Bargaining Precautionary Fisheries Management in the Barents Sea'. Arctic Review on Law and Politics, Vol 5, No 1, 2014, pp. 75-99.

Jensen, Øystein, 'The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf: An administrative, Scientific, or Judicial Institution?' Ocean Development and International Law, Vol 45, No 2, 2014, pp. 171-185.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Compliance and Postagreement Bargaining in the Barents Sea Fisheries'. Ocean Development and International Law, Vol 45, No 2, 2014, pp. 186-204.

Hønneland, Geir, Paul Medley and John Hambrey, MSC Sustainable Fisheries Certification: FIUN Barents & Norwegian Seas Cod and Haddock Fishery. Inverness, Food Certification International, 2013, 274 p.

Jørgensen, Anne-Kristin and Geir Hønneland, 'In cod we trust: Konjunkturer i det norsk-russiske fiskerisamarbeidet' ('In Cod We Trust: Trends in Norwegian-Russian Fisheries Relations'). Nordisk Østforum, Vol 27, No 4, 2013, pp. 353-376.

Tvedt, Morten Walløe and Ane E. Jørem, 'Bioprospecting in the High Seas: Regulatory Options for Benefit Sharing'. The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Vol 16, No 3-4, 2013, pp. 150-167.

Fermann, Gunnar and Tor Håkon Inderberg, 'Den norske håndteringen av Elektron-saken 2005: Kompetansestrid og kompetent realpolitikk' ('The Norwegian Handling of the Electron Incident in 2005'). In Gunnar Fermann (ed), Utenrikspolitikk og norsk krisehåndtering. Oslo, Cappelen Damm Akademisk, 2013, pp. 231-265. In Norwegian.

Jensen, Øystein, 'Limits of the Continental Shelf in the Arctic'. European Society of International Law - Reflections, Vol 2, No 4, 2013, 4 p.

Vidas, Davor, 'Consolidation or Deviation? On Trends and Challenges in the Settlement of Maritime Delimitation Disputes by International Courts and Tribunals'. In N. Boschiero, T. Scovazzi et al (eds), International Courts and the Development of International Law: Essays in Honour of Tullio Treves. The Hague/Berlin, TMC Asser Press/Springer, 2013, pp. 323-332.

Vidas, Davor, 'Subregional Marine Governance: The Case of the Adriatic Sea'. In H.N. Schieber and J.-H. Paik (eds), Regions, Institutions and Law of the Sea. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill Academic Publishers, 2013, pp. 337-355.

Stokke, Olav Schram , 'Political Stability and Multi-Level Governance in the Arctic'. In P.A. Berkman and A.N. Vylegzhanin (eds), Environmental Security in the Arctic Ocean. Berlin, Springer, 2013, pp. 297-312.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Regime Interplay in Arctic Shipping Governance: Explaining Regional Niche Selection'. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Vol 13, No 1, 2013, pp. 65-85.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Law of the Sea'. In George Ritzer (ed), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Globalization, vol. 3. New York, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, pp. 1280-1282.

Gulbrandsen, Lars H., 'Impacts of Nonstate Governance: Lessons from the Certification of Marine Fisheries'. In P. Dauvergne (ed), Handbook of Global Environmental Politics, 2nd edition. Cheltenham (UK)/Northampton (USA), Edward Elgar, 2012, pp. 330-340.

Haro, Monica Natalia, Sustainability Aspects of Applying GMOs in Aquaculture. FNI Report 7/2012. Lysaker, FNI, 2012, 711 p.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'Environmental Security in the Arctic: The Case for Multi-Level Governance'. International Journal, Vol 64, No 4, 2011, pp. 835-848.

Jensen, Øystein, 'Law of the Sea: Protection and Preservation of the Marine Environment'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 69-82.

Skjærseth, Jon Birger, 'North Sea Pollution Control: One Problem, Different Solutions'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 83-96.

Stokke, Olav Schram, 'International Fisheries Politics: From Sustainability to Precaution'. In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 97-116.

Fauchald, Ole Kristian, 'Regulatory Frameworks for Maritime Transport in the Arctic: Will a Polar Code Contribute to Resolve Conflicting Interests?' In John Grue and Roy H. Gabrielsen (eds), Marine Transport in the High North. Oslo, Novus Forlag, 2011, pp. 73-91.

Vidas, Davor and Peter Johan Schei, 'The World Ocean in Globalisation: Challenges and Responses for the Antropocene Epoch'. In Davor Vidas and Peter Johan Schei (eds), The World Ocean in Globalisation. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill, 2011, pp. 3-15.

Vidas, Davor and Maja Markovcic Kostelac, 'Ballast Water and Alien Species: Regulating Global Transfers and Regional Consequences'. In Davor Vidas and Peter Johan Schei (eds), The World Ocean in Globalisation. Leiden/Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill, 2011, pp. 371-392.

Vidas, Davor, 'The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the European Union and the Rule of Law: What is Going on in the Adriatic Sea?' In Silverburg, Sanford S. (ed), International Law: Contemporary Issues and Future Developments. Boulder (USA), Westview Press, 2011, pp. 318-361.

Jensen, Leif Christian, Øystein Jensen and Svein Vigeland Rottem, 'Norwegian Foreign Policy in the High North: Energy, International Law and Security'. Atlantisch Perspectief, Vol 35, No 3, 2011, pp. 15-19.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Kompromiss als Routine: Russisch-Norwegische Konfliktlösung in der Barentssee' ('Compromise as Routine: Russian-Norwegian Conflict Resolution in the Barents Sea'). In 'Logbuch Arktis', Osteuropa, Vol 61, Nos 2-3, 2011, pp. 257-269. In German.

Vidas, Davor, 'The Anthropocene and the International Law of the Sea' Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, Vol 369, No 1938, 2011, pp. 909-925.

Jensen, Øystein, 'The Barents Sea: Treaty between Norway and the Russian Federation concerning Maritime Delimitation and Cooperation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean'. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, Vol 26, No 1, 2011, pp. 151-168.



Commentary articles

Hansen, Harald Sakarias Brøvig, 'Smutthull for snøkrabbe' ('Loophole for snow crab'), Dagens Næringsliv, 14.05.2016. In Norwegian.

Hansen, Harald Sakarias Brøvig, 'Krabben som lammer Norge' ('The crab that paralyzes Norway'), FiskeribladetFiskaren, 18.12.2015. In Norwegian.

Myhr, Anne Ingeborg, Kristin Rosendal and Morten Walløe Tvedt, 'Hvem eier det som finnes i havet?' ('Who owns what is found in the ocean?'), forskning.no, 16.12.2015. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Tilbake til Antarktis' ('Back to the Antarctica'), Fiskeribladet Fiskaren, 13.11.2015. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Felles utfordringer?' ('Common challenges?'), Fiskeribladet Fiskaren, 18.09.2015. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Kjøligere samarbeid?' ('Cooler Norwegian-Russian Cooperation'?), Fiskeribladet Fiskaren, 05.12.2014. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Ukraina og Barentshavet' ('Ukraine and the Barents Sea'), Fiskeribladet Fiskaren, 23.05.2014. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Ny murring i Svalbardsonen' ('New Grumblings in the Svalbard Zone'), Fiskeribladet Fiskaren, 21.03.2014. In Norwegian.

Hønneland, Geir, 'Derfor skal Putin la Barentshavet i fred' ('Why Putin Should Leave the Barents Sea in Peace'), Nordlys, 16.01.2014. In Norwegian.



See summaries page for more/older research publications
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FNI's focal points of research:

 Global environmental governance and law
 Climate change
 Law of the Sea and marine affairs
 Biodiversity and genetic resources
 Arctic and Russian politics
 European energy and environment
 Chinese energy and environment


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 Recent relevant FNI News:

The Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (01.09.2014)


 Recent media coverage:

'Die Menschenzeit' ('The era of the humans'), FixPoetry, 21.04.2016. In German.

'En ny epoke' ('A New Epoch'), NRK, 14.02.2016. In Norwegian.

'No access to Russian waters for marine researchers', The Independent Barents Observer, 15.02.2016.

'Arctic shipping: The myths, the realities & the challenges ahead', Eye on the Arctic, 28.01.2016.

'Vom Sockel' ('From the continental shelf'), Süddeutsche Zeitung, 27.12.2015. In German.

'Snart stenger den nordlige sjøruten for i år' ('The Northern Sea Route will soon close for this year'), Maritime, 17.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'Derfor er Kystvakten i Forsvaret' ('The reason why the Norwegian Coast Guard is part of the military'), Sunnmørsposten, 11.11.2015. In Norwegian.

'- Kaldere politisk klima rammer ikke fiskerisamarbeidet' ('- A colder political climate does not affect Norwegian-Russian fisheries cooperation'), Kyst og Fjord, 16.09.2015. In Norwegian.

'Varmere hav og kaldere politisk klima' ('Varmere hav og kaldere politisk klima'), Norwegian Fishermen's Association News, 15.09.2015. In Norwegian.

'Kampen om verdenshavene' ('The fight over the World's oceans'), NRK Ekko, 14.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russland har tatt en bit av Smutthullet uten å si ifra til Norge' ('Russia has taken a piece of the Loophole without telling Norway'), FiskeribladetFiskaren, 12.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russland vil ha Nordpolen' ('Russia wants the North Pole'), NRK Dagsnytt 18, 06.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'"Arkticheskaya gonka": Chto za kadrom?' ('"The Arctic race": What's behind the scenes?'), Echo, 06.08.2015. In Russian.

'Forsker om Russlands Nordpolen-krav: – Det er ingen annektering eller invasjon' ('Researcher on Russia's claim for the North Pole: - This is no annexation, nor an invasion'), Svalbardposten, 06.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Zayavka Rossii kholodno vstretsena sosedyami po Arktike' ('Russian application greeted cooly by Arctic neighbours'), Newsland, 05.08.2015. In Russian.

'Russland gjør krav på Nordpolen' ('Russia claims the North Pole'), NRK Her og Nå, 04.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russlands Nordpolen-krav er det største så langt' ('Russia's North Pole claim is the largest claim so far'), Dagbladet, 04.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Spændt klima kan forværre russisk og dansk kamp om Nordpolen' ('Tense relations may impact negatively on Russian and Danish fight over North Pole'), Politiken, 04.08.2015. In Danish.

'- Helt udramatisk at Russland krever Nordpolen ' ('- Totally undramatic that Russia claims North Pole'), P4, 04.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russland gjør krav på Nordpolen' ('Russia claims the North Pole'), VG, 04.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Russland gjentar krav på Nordpolen' ('Russia repeats claim for North Pole'), Aftenposten, 04.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'- Et pr-fremstøt' ('A PR initiative'), Dagens Næringsliv, 04.08.2015. In Norwegian.

'Forum Highlights Arctic Development', Shanghai Daily, 09.06.2015.

'Den er 173 meter lang, kan brøyte seg gjennom tre meter tykk is og skal hjelpe Russland til å erobre Arktis' ('It is 173 m long, can break through ice 3 m thick, and is to help Russia conquer the Arctic'), Nord24, 11.05.2015. In Norwegian.

'Sandefjord startet Antarktis-æraen' ('The Norwegian Antarctic Era Started in sandefjord'), Sandefjords Blad, 28.02.2015. In Norwegian.

'Notes from Madrid: Sea-Level rise and shifting baselines', Global Challenges - University of Wollongong, 20.01.2015.

'– Nordleg sjørute ingen ny Suezkanal' ('– The Northern Sea Route Is No New Suez Canal'), BarentsWatch, 16.12.2014. In Norwegian.

'Hvordan skal Putin ta Barentshavet tilbake?' ('How should Putin claim the Barents Sea back?') (book review), Norges Forsvar, 22.04.2014. In Norwegian.

'Who Owns the North Pole? Debate Heats Up as Climate Change Transforms Arctic', Bloomberg, 04.04.2014.

'Riski sudokhodstva po Sevmorputi uvelichivayutsya - Norvegiya' ('Risks associated with shipping on the Northern Sea Route are increasing - Norway '), Rusenergy, 30.01.2014. In Russian.

'Debate on Arctic shipping heats up', BarentsObserver, 20.01.2014.



Fridtjof Nansen Institute
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