In Sven Holtsmark (ed), Naboer i frykt og forventning: Norge og Russland 1917-2014 ('Neighbors in Fear and Expectation: Norway and Russia 1917-2014'). Oslo, Pax forlag, 2015, pp. 565-575. In Norwegian.
This chapter discusses developments in the two most difficult law of the sea issues that Norway and Russia faced in the period between 1991 and 2014: Negotiations regarding a delimitation agreement in the Barents Sea and the question of the status under international law of the waters and seabed areas adjacent to the territorial sea of the Svalbard archipelago. The chapter examines how Norway and Russia – after decades of negotiations – were able to agree on a delimitation agreement for their continental shelf areas and the 200 nautical mile zones in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. Important provisions of the delimitation agreement are also examined. The latest developments in the relationship between Norway and Russia regarding jurisdictional issues in the waters surrounding Svalbard are also discussed. An important issue in the period between 1991 and 2014 was potential legal implications of Norway's establishment of the outer limits of the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from the territorial sea baselines.