EU Climate Policy: Industry, Policy Interaction and External Environment

Farnham, Ashgate, 2013, 223 p.

Climate policy is today a significant area of EU governance, providing important framework conditions for many industries. But how has EU climate policy developed? This book offers structured, comparative case studies of the development of four central climate policies: emissions trading, renewables, carbon capture and storage, and energy policy for buildings. The book examines central similarities and differences in how these policies have taken shape as regards, first, the basic competence distribution between the EU and member states levels, and, second, the steering method, with technology support versus market mechanisms as key dimensions. Specific attention is given to three core issues: the role of industry, policy interaction, and the EU-external environment. Combining sociological and political science theories, the causal relevance of a number of specific mechanisms derived from theories such as Liberal Intergovernmentalism, Multi-level Governance and New Institutionalism is discussed. Drawing on more than 60 interviewees, what emerges are fascinating stories – of skilled entrepreneurs who have managed to create and exploit political windows of opportunity, and of more long-term path-dependent developments.