Legal Aspects of the Russian-Norwegian Model for Cross-Border Unitization in the Barents Sea and Arctic Ocean

Ocean Development & International Law, Vol 49, No 3, 2018, pp. 262-275

This article examines the provisions in the 2010 Russian-Norwegian Treaty on Maritime Delimitation and Cooperation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean dealing with the management of transboundary hydrocarbon resources. How compatible is the unitization mechanism in the Treaty with Russian and Norwegian legislation? Will there be tension between Russian and Norwegian interpretations? How does Russian and Norwegian legislation support or challenge the concept of a 'unit operator' in a cross-border unitization? What are the possible concerns and pitfalls related to mechanisms for consultations and procedures for dispute resolution?