In Steinar Andresen, Elin Lerum Boasson and Geir Hønneland (eds), International Environmental Agreements: An Introduction. London/New York, Routledge, 2012, pp. 83-96.
Since the beginning of the 1970s, international cooperation has been in place to reduce pollution in the North Sea and the North East Atlantic. This chapter analyses the international efforts to cope with marine pollution in the North Sea. Three partly overlapping institutions are examined: North Sea conferences, the OSPAR Convention and the EU. The main conclusion is that these institutions have fulfilled different functions all of which are needed to make international environmental cooperation effective.