Svalbard is a large piece of Norway far to the north. In 2025, the last Norwegian coal mine that supplies coal to Longyearbyen will be discontinued. One of the pillars of Norwegian business development on the archipelago will disappear. In line with this development, it has been important for Norway that Longyearbyen continues to be a viable local community. In the latest report concerning Svalbard to the Norwegian Parliament, the focus is on research, higher education and tourism, as well as other business activities. A desire is also expressed to
facilitate the development of a more versatile business life within the framework of Norway’s official Svalbard policy. In parallel, the Arctic has gained a place on the international agenda. It is in the Arctic that global climate change is most noticeable. Higher temperatures and less ice change the framework conditions for actors with interests in the region. What challenges and opportunities does Svalbard face in light of the phaseout of coal, new geopolitical realities and a changing climate?

In this side event, researchers and business actors will discuss emerging issues on Svalbard. We will take a closer look at the opportunities for business development in Svalbard. Before we directly discuss this question, it is nevertheless necessary to give a historical, legal and political introduction to Svalbard. In many respects, Svalbard differs from mainland Norway. We must first understand why Svalbard is a unique part of Norway and why the prerequisites for business development are different than in mainland Norway. Here we will hear about emerging businesses, but we also look at the political, economic and administrative challenges Svalbard faces in the years to come.


  • Grete K. Hovelsrud, Professor of Environmental Sociology, Nordland Research Institute and Nord University, Bodø, Norway
  • Christian Skottun, Chief Executive Officer of Telenor Svalbard AS and leader of Svalbard Næringsforening
  • Arild Olsen, leader of Longyearbyen Local Council 
  • Linda Beate Randal, Director of Innovation Norway Arctic


  • Svein Vigeland Rottem, Senior Research Fellow at the Fridtjof Nansen Institute
  • Jan-Gunnar Winther, Director of the Centre for the Ocean and the Arctic at UiT The Arctic University of Norway and Specialist Director at the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI)


Time: 13:30 - 15:00 Monday, 30th January, 2023
Location: The Edge, Arbeidskontoret 2, Tromsø
Type Side Event: In-Person Only