The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework
Many years of negotiations of a global framework to halt biodiversity loss did not move far.
Luckily, a large number of ministers across the world took over negotiations at COP15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity and agreed on a global deal with targets for 2030 which are more ambitious than many had expected.
This is what this policy brief by senior researcher Christian Prip is about.
- COP 15 received unprecedented political attention, which was crucial for the successful adoption of a post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.
- Given the considerable disagreement leading up to COP15, the level of ambition in the targets adopted was surprising.
- The targets are not equally ambitious: most of the targets that address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss are not quantitative.
- COP 15 was not particularly successful in promoting the links between biodiversity and the fight against zoonotic diseases and biodiversity and climate change.
- Countries now need to build on the momentum and start preparations for a new generation of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans with national targets aligned with the GBF.