The decarbonization of the energy sector is a necessity if we are to achieve a zero-carbon future. However, this energy transition and the policies that follows in its wake, might produce winners and losers. Currently, not enough research has shed light on the unforeseen consequences for consumers that might follow from this energy transition.

This project seeks to understand how Norwegian groups of consumers are affected differently by policies ranging from energy efficiency to demand response, asking questions on what the capability is for consumers to adopt energy efficient measures or to shift their energy consumption temporally. Subsequently, the main purpose is to produce knowledge on how to make a level playing field for all consumers, especially for the vulnerable ones, and to use this insight for policy recommendations.

This PhD project is part of the Include project.

Project period: 2021-2024



  • PhD Research Fellow
    +47 97487413

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  • The Research Council of Norway
  • INCLUDE user partners
  • FNI