- Deputy Director / Research Director / Research Professor+47 97540217
The potential trade-off between greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions and nature protection is clearly seen in policies aimed to promote renewable energy. This project focuses on how this trade-off is treated in Norwegian windpower development.
The project will examine all windpower licenses given and rejected in Norway to identify how nature protection concerns and the cumulative effects of several plants, extensive new access roads and grid connections have been treated. This examination of aggregate trends will form the basis for further analysis.
What determines ultimate responses by the licensing authority to this trade-off? We will first examine the extent to which relevant Norwegian policies and regulatory frameworks have been affected by the EU and European and international environmental treaties. Sweden, as an EU member state, will be analysed as a contrast case.
Next, an in-depth examination of central Norwegian government and agencies will look for explanations at the central government level. This examination will be supplemented by case studies and comparisons across regions in Norway that are typical high-pressure areas. These studies will focus on regional and local factors that influence the integration of nature protection concerns in windpower licenses, specifically how cumulative effects of new windpower projects are addressed at these levels.
Finally, we will examine how legal frameworks and licensing processes more effectively can take into account the cumulative effects of windpower projects. Ultimately, the project seeks to understand whether and how the political objectives of windpower development and nature protection in Norway can be combined, particularly in regions under high pressure from human activities.
Project period: 2016-2021
- Senior Policy Analyst+47 47476508
- Research Professor+47 97168296
- Research Director / Research Professor+47 97690518
- Research Professor+47 47477405
- Senior Research Fellow+47 48074508
- Senior Research Fellow+47 92016644
- Research Fellow+47 48052768 / 47479357
- Research Council of Norway (MILJØFORSK Programme)
PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES AND CHAPTERS
Energy Research & Social Science, Vol 52, 2019, pp. 181-191.
Dagens Næringsliv, 8.5.2019. In Norwegian.
Dagens Næringsliv, 5.4.2019. In Norwegian.
FNI Report 1/2018. Lysaker, FNI, 2018, 49 p.
Aftenposten, 26.04.2016. In Norwegian.
Aftenposten, 12.04.2016. In Norwegian.
Utredninger fra 90-tallet gir utbygginger i dag ('Asessments from the 90's basis for today's windpower development')
Harvest Magazine, 23.6.2019. In Norwegian.
- Det som skiller Norge fra Danmark og andre land er at vindkraftparkene er store og at de bygges i urørt natur og kuppert terreng ('- What separates Norway from Denmark and other countries is that the wind farms are large and that they are built in pristine and mountainous areas')
EnerWE, 18.6.2019. In Norwegian.
Bremsene må på i vindkraftsaker ('Should slow down windpower development')
Kommunal Rapport, 14.6.2019. In Norwegian.
Hubroen taper mot vindturbiner ('The eagle-owl loses against wind turbines')
Kommunal Rapport, 6.6.2019. In Norwegian.
Bygger vindkraftverk utenfor utpekte områder ('Builds windpower plants outside designated areas')
Bergens Tidende, 3.6.2019. In Norwegian.
En naturavgift på vindmøller må tilfalle staten ('A nature tax on windpower must accrue to the state')
Dagens Næringsliv, 9.5.2019. In Norwegian.
Vindkraftopprør i emning ('Windpower rebellion rising')
Kommunal Rapport, 9.5.2019. In Norwegian.
På dette fjellet kjem 150 meter høge vindturbinar ('150 meters high wind turbines will be built on this mountain')
NRK, 4.5.2019. In Norwegian.
78,7 prosent sier nei til vindkraft i folkeavstemning ('78,8 percent voted no to windpower in referendum')
Adresseavisen, 2.4.2019. In Norwegian.